AcuTrials

Effects of Music in Combination with Vibration in Acupuncture Points on the Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Item

Title

Effects of Music in Combination with Vibration in Acupuncture Points on the Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Journal Publication

Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine

Date

2015

volume

21(2)

pages

77-82

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

FIBROMYALGIA -- Treatment
VIBRATION (Mechanics) -- Therapeutic use
MUSIC therapy -- Equipment & supplies
VIBRATION (Mechanics) -- Equipment & supplies
ACUPUNCTURE points
ALTERNATIVE medicine
ANALYSIS of variance
COMBINED modality therapy
LONGITUDINAL method
PROBABILITY theory
RESEARCH -- Finance
SAMPLING (Statistics)
RANDOMIZED controlled trials
TREATMENT effectiveness
PRE-tests & post-tests
DATA analysis -- Software
DESCRIPTIVE statistics

Abstract

Objective: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disease that causes widespread pain and increased sensitivity to pain because of a dysfunction in the central nervous system. This study investigated the effect of music combined with vibration on acupuncture points for the treatment of FM. Methods: A total of 120 patients with FM were allocated randomly to four groups (30 patients each). One group listened to a sequence of Bach's compositions. The second group was subjected to vibratory stimuli on a combination of acupuncture points on the skin. The third group (complete) underwent both procedures in a simultaneous and synchronized manner, with inclusion of binaural beats. The fourth group (control) received no stimulation. The participants underwent the experimental procedure during five sessions performed on alternate days. They were assessed by the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) before the first session and after the last session (20 days). Results: All groups showed a significant improvement in FIQ and HAQ scores at the evaluation after the intervention. The complete group exhibited the best result on both the FIQ and HAQ ( p<0.001), and the improvement in HAQ score was significant ( p<0.004). Conclusions: The results suggest that the placebo effect in FM may be substantial. However, comparison between groups revealed that the complete group had the greatest reduction in both FIQ and HAQ, with a significant improvement in HAQ, suggesting that the combined use of music and vibration exerts a greater effect on FM symptoms.

pmid

Accession Number: 101004779; Source Information: Feb2015, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p77; Subject Term: FIBROMYALGIA -- Treatment; Subject Term: VIBRATION (Mechanics) -- Therapeutic use; Subject Term: MUSIC therapy -- Equipment & supplies; Subject Term: VIBRATION (Mechanics) -- Equipment & supplies; Subject Term: ACUPUNCTURE points; Subject Term: ALTERNATIVE medicine; Subject Term: ANALYSIS of variance; Subject Term: CLINICAL trials; Subject Term: COMBINED modality therapy; Subject Term: LONGITUDINAL method; Subject Term: MUSIC therapy; Subject Term: PROBABILITY theory; Subject Term: QUESTIONNAIRES; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Finance; Subject Term: SAMPLING (Statistics); Subject Term: STATISTICS; Subject Term: WOMEN -- Health; Subject Term: PRODUCT design; Subject Term: DATA analysis; Subject Term: RANDOMIZED controlled trials; Subject Term: TREATMENT effectiveness; Subject Term: PRE-tests & post-tests; Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: ; Geographic Subject: BRAZIL; Geographic Subject: ; Number of Pages: 6p; ; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 5 Charts; ; Document Type: Article;

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