AcuTrials

Prospective Evaluation of Acupuncture as Treatment for Glaucoma

Item

Title

Prospective Evaluation of Acupuncture as Treatment for Glaucoma

Journal Publication

American Journal of Ophthalmology

Date

2015

volume

160(2)

pages

256-265

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

Acupuncture Therapy/*methods
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Over Studies
Double-Blind Method
Follow-Up Studies
Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis/physiopathology/*therapy
*Intraocular Pressure
Prospective Studies
Retinal Ganglion Cells/pathology
Tomography, Optical Coherence
Tonometry, Ocular
Treatment Outcome

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate acupuncture as treatment for glaucoma. DESIGN: Prospective double-masked randomized crossover study. METHODS: setting: Clinical practice. POPULATION: One eye per patient with primary open-angle glaucoma and stable intraocular pressure (IOP). INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized to receive 1 acupuncture series (12 sessions with either eye-related [eye-points] or non-eye-related [non-eye-points] acupoints) and then crossed over to receive the other series. OUTCOME MEASURES: IOP, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), visual field (VF), optic disc and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements, compliance, and adverse reactions. Probability to detect 3 mm Hg IOP difference between series was 90%. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients volunteered and 11 (50.0%) completed the study; 8 (36.4%) did not complete treatment owing to changes of health, moving away, lack of transportation, or family crisis; and 3(13.6%) were withdrawn owing to needle sensitivity or IOP elevation (8 mm Hg) in the contralateral eye. After an acupuncture session, mean IOP increased slightly with both eye-points (from 12.9 +/- 1.8 mm Hg to 13.6 +/- 2.0 mm Hg, P = .019) and non-eye-points (from 13.0 +/- 1.5 mm Hg to 13.5 +/- 1.7 mm Hg, P = .073) series. HR, diurnal IOP, and BCVA showed no statistically significant changes after 12 sessions of either series. Systolic and diastolic BP were reduced after 12 sessions of non-eye-points series (P = .040, P = .002, respectively). Optic disc, RNFL, and VF showed no statistically significant changes. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture has no overall effect on diurnal IOP or BCVA but may temporally increase the IOP immediately after a treatment session. BP is lowered by acupuncture with non-eye-points, but not with eye-points. Compliance and adverse event rates were low.

doi

10.1016/j.ajo.2015.04.033

pmid

PMID:25935101

Language

English

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