AcuTrials

Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Effectiveness of a Self-Care Program for Pregnant Women for Relieving Hiesho

Item

Title

Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Effectiveness of a Self-Care Program for Pregnant Women for Relieving Hiesho

Author(s)

Journal Publication

Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine

Date

2017

volume

23(1)

pages

53-59

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

ARM -- Physiology
EXTREMITIES (Anatomy) -- Physiology
LEG -- Physiology
PREGNANCY complications -- Prevention
ACUPUNCTURE points
ANALYSIS of variance
CONFIDENCE intervals
MEDICAL thermography
PROBABILITY theory
RESEARCH -- Finance
SAMPLING (Statistics)
SCALE analysis (Psychology)
T-test (Statistics)
STATISTICAL power analysis
STATISTICAL significance
RANDOMIZED controlled trials
RELATIVE risk (Medicine)
PRE-tests & post-tests
DATA analysis -- Software
DESCRIPTIVE statistics

Abstract

Background A group of adults can be identified with chronic non-responding anxiety symptoms who have repeatedly accessed treatments through their GP, such as cognitive behaviour therapy, bibliotherapy and medication, but with no effect. These patients make heavy use of health service resources with no beneficial outcome. This study aims to test the effect of an acupuncture formula of three specific acupuncture points, suggested in a previous pilot study. Method 40 participants from a psychiatry waiting list were randomised into one of two groups: group 1 (n=25) received 10 weeks of acupuncture at PC6, HT7 and LR3, and group 2 was a waiting list control group. The waiting list group (n=15) then received acupuncture. Both groups were followed up for 10 weeks after treatment. The outcome measure was the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results 36 patients completed the study, with two dropouts in each group. State anxiety scores in the acupuncture group decreased from 57.7 (SD 13.1) to 38.8 (12.0); scores in the waiting list control group decreased from 61.5 (11.6) to 60.6 (11.7). The difference was highly significant (p<0.0001). Similar changes were seen for trait anxiety scores. The control group showed similar statistically significant improvements when they received acupuncture. The improvements were maintained after 10 weeks of follow-up in each group. Conclusions Acupuncture is a promising intervention for patients with chronic anxiety symptoms that have proven resistant to other forms of treatment.

pmid

Accession Number: 120746245; Source Information: Jan2017, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p53; Subject Term: ARM -- Physiology; Subject Term: EXTREMITIES (Anatomy) -- Physiology; Subject Term: LEG -- Physiology; Subject Term: PREGNANCY complications -- Prevention; Subject Term: ACUPUNCTURE points; Subject Term: ANALYSIS of variance; Subject Term: BODY temperature; Subject Term: CHI-squared test; Subject Term: CLINICAL trials; Subject Term: CLOTHING & dress; Subject Term: CONFIDENCE intervals; Subject Term: EXERCISE therapy; Subject Term: MEDICAL thermography; Subject Term: PROBABILITY theory; Subject Term: QUESTIONNAIRES; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Finance; Subject Term: SAMPLING (Statistics); Subject Term: SCALE analysis (Psychology); Subject Term: HEALTH self-care; Subject Term: T-test (Statistics); Subject Term: WOMEN -- Health; Subject Term: STATISTICAL power analysis; Subject Term: STATISTICAL significance; Subject Term: SKIN temperature; Subject Term: RANDOMIZED controlled trials; Subject Term: RELATIVE risk (Medicine); Subject Term: PRE-tests & post-tests; Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: PREGNANCY; Subject Term: ; Geographic Subject: JAPAN; Geographic Subject: ; Number of Pages: 7p; ; Document Type: Article;

has study population number

0

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