Randomized effectiveness trial of a brief course of acupuncture for posttraumatic stress disorder



Randomized effectiveness trial of a brief course of acupuncture for posttraumatic stress disorder

Journal Publication




52(12 Suppl 5)



Research Type



Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Stress, Psychological
Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care
Five Element Acupuncture Style
Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol
Individualized Acupuncture Protocol
Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection
Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only
Usual Care Control, Multimodality


BACKGROUND: Initial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) care is often delayed and many with PTSD go untreated. Acupuncture appears to be a safe, potentially nonstigmatizing treatment that reduces symptoms of anxiety, depression, and chronic pain, but little is known about its effect on PTSD. METHODS: Fifty-five service members meeting research diagnostic criteria for PTSD were randomized to usual PTSD care (UPC) plus eight 60-minute sessions of acupuncture conducted twice weekly or to UPC alone. Outcomes were assessed at baseline and 4, 8, and 12 weeks postrandomization. The primary study outcomes were difference in PTSD symptom improvement on the PTSD Checklist (PCL) and the Clinician-administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) from baseline to 12-week follow-up between the 2 treatment groups. Secondary outcomes were depression, pain severity, and mental and physical health functioning. Mixed model regression and t test analyses were applied to the data. RESULTS: Mean improvement in PTSD severity was significantly greater among those receiving acupuncture than in those receiving UPC (PCLDelta=19.8+/-13.3 vs. 9.7+/-12.9, P<0.001; CAPSDelta=35.0+/-20.26 vs. 10.9+/-20.8, P<0.0001). Acupuncture was also associated with significantly greater improvements in depression, pain, and physical and mental health functioning. Pre-post effect-sizes for these outcomes were large and robust. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was effective for reducing PTSD symptoms. Limitations included small sample size and inability to parse specific treatment mechanisms. Larger multisite trials with longer follow-up, comparisons to standard PTSD treatments, and assessments of treatment acceptability are needed. Acupuncture is a novel therapeutic option that may help to improve population reach of PTSD treatment.




Date of Input: 4/7/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic; Deployment Health Clinical Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA; eng; Web:

Frequency of Treatment


Time in Treatment

4 Weeks

has health condition studied

Mental Disorders

has study population number


Item sets