AcuTrials

Tension neck syndrome treated by acupuncture combined with physiotherapy: A comparative clinical trial (pilot study)

Item

Title

Tension neck syndrome treated by acupuncture combined with physiotherapy: A comparative clinical trial (pilot study)

Date

2008

volume

16(5)

pages

268-277

Research Type

RCT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture combined with physiotherapy in comparison with acupuncture and physiotherapy performed alone in different parameters; pain intensity, muscle tension, functional disability and muscle strength in the treatment of tension neck syndrome (TNS). DESIGN: A prospective, comparative clinical trial. SETTING: Acupuncture and Rehabilitation Department. BACKGROUND: TNS can occur in computer users. Acupuncture has been one alternative treatment in physiotherapeutic rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders. SUBJECTS: Forty-six patients with TNS. Interventions: Patients were allocated into three groups: Group-1 received physiotherapy (therapeutic exercises) combined with acupuncture; Group-2, acupuncture alone, and Group-3, physiotherapy alone; over a period of 10 weeks, with one or two sessions weekly. OUTCOME ASSESSMENT: All patients had completed the protocols and were assessed using a visual analogue scale for pain intensity (VAS(pain)) and muscle tension (VAS(mt)), the Neck Disability Index: Brazilian Portuguese version for functional disability, and the cranio-cervical Flexion Test for isometric neck muscle strength (INMS); in the periods before treatment (baseline), after 10 weeks of treatment, and after 6 months of follow-up. RESULTS: All groups showed significant improvement (p<0.001) in these parameters after 10 weeks of treatment and after 6 months of follow-up. Group-1 was superior to Group-3 in pain and functional disability improvements (p<0.05); and Group-1 was superior to both Group-2 (p<0.01) and Group-3 (p<0.05) in INMS. After 6 months of follow-up, the improvements of all groups were maintained (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The data suggested that acupuncture effect may facilitate and/or enhance physiotherapy performance in musculoskeletal rehabilitation for tension neck syndrome

Frequency of Treatment

>1/WK

Time in Treatment

10 Weeks

has health condition studied

Neck Pain

has study population number

46

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