AcuTrials

Acupuncture for diagnostic fiberoptic bronchoscopy: a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study

Item

Title

Acupuncture for diagnostic fiberoptic bronchoscopy: a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study

Journal Publication

The American journal of Chinese medicine

Date

2006

volume

34(3)

pages

409-415

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control
Preoperative Anxiety
Auricular Acupuncture
Fixed Acupuncture Protocol
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only
Sham Acupoint Control
Standard Needling Depth
Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical
TCM Acupuncture Style
Respiratory Disorders

Abstract

Patients usually fear fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FBS) and they report a low level of satisfaction after this examination. We evaluated the efficacy of acupuncture in decreasing patient anxiety before diagnostic FBS and in improving tolerance to the examination. In a prospective double-blind study, we enrolled 48 patients scheduled to undergo diagnostic FBS. Patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group A (16 patients): standard FBS, with airway topic anesthesia; Group B (16 patients): standard FBS, with airway topic anesthesia and acupuncture treatment; Group C (16 patients): standard FBS, with airway topic anesthesia and sham acupuncture. EKG, non-invasive arterial pressure, and pulse oximetry were monitored on a routine basis. We evaluated patient anxiety before and after acupuncture and, at the end of FBS, the discomfort suffered during the examination by a 100-mm Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Patient satisfaction in Group A was 50% worse than in Group B (p = 0.04). We observed a strong, even if not statistically significant, tendency toward a lower pre-FBS anxiety in Group B. Patients in group C had values very close to those recorded in group A. We observed no adverse event and no differences in cardio-respiratory parameters in these three groups; in particular, we did not observe a respiratory depression in Group B. Acupuncture seems an effective resource for a Thoracic Endoscopic Room to improve patient tolerance to FBS

Frequency of Treatment

N/A

Time in Treatment

1 Day

has health condition studied

Mental Disorders

has study population number

48

Item sets