AcuTrials

Acupuncture treatment as breastfeeding support: preliminary data

Item

Title

Acupuncture treatment as breastfeeding support: preliminary data

Journal Publication

Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Date

2011

volume

17(2)

pages

133-137

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

Pregnancy Complications
Lactation Disorders
Acu Versus Attention Control
TCM Acupuncture Style
Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol
Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection
Attention Control
Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only

Abstract

Abstract Objectives: This article investigates the efficacy of acupuncture for the maintenance of breastfeeding during the first 3 months of a newborn's life. Subjects and interventions: After written informed consent was obtained, 90 women were randomly divided into two groups: acupuncture treatment or observation. Acupuncture sessions were performed twice weekly for 3 weeks (total six sessions). The control group made weekly visits to the clinic and the midwife observed their breastfeeding, giving routine care. In both groups, a semistructured clinical assessment of breastfeeding quality was carried out by the midwife at enrollment and after 3 weeks. Moreover, in both groups a telephone interview was conducted by the midwife at the third month of the infants' lives, regarding the continuation of breastfeeding. Results: No significant difference in the exclusive breastfeeding rate before treatment was observed between acupuncture and observation groups (51.2% versus 48.8%). However, at 3 weeks postenrollment, exclusive breastfeeding was significantly lower in the observation group than in the acupuncture group (60% versus 100%; p < 0.03). At the third month of the newborns' lives, breastfeeding was reported in 35% of the acupuncture group, compared to 15% of the observation group (p < 0.03). Conclusions: Such preliminary data suggest that 3 weeks of acupuncture treatment were more effective than observation alone in maintaining breastfeeding until the third month of the newborns' lives.

Frequency of Treatment

>1/WK

Time in Treatment

3 Weeks

has health condition studied

Pregancy Complications

has study population number

90

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