Auricular acupuncture as an adjunct to opiate detoxification treatment: Effects on withdrawal symptoms

Item

Title

Auricular acupuncture as an adjunct to opiate detoxification treatment: Effects on withdrawal symptoms

Author(s)

Journal Publication

Date

2008

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

Abstract

It was hypothesized that auricular acupuncture would lead to reduced severity of opiate withdrawal symptoms and craving when provided as an adjunct to methadone detoxification. The study used a randomized, placebo-controlled study design. The sample consisted of 83 drug misusers who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria for opiate dependence. Daily measures of withdrawal severity and craving were taken using the Short Opiate Withdrawal Scale and an eight-item craving questionnaire. Urine screening was used as an objective assessment of treatment adherence. The study hypothesis was not confirmed. Auricular acupuncture had no effect upon withdrawal severity or craving when provided as an adjunct to a standard methadone detoxification treatment. The results are consistent with the findings of other studies that failed to find any effect of acupuncture in the treatment of drug dependence. The failure to find any clinical gains from the adjunctive use of auricular acupuncture during detoxification from opiates raises concerns about the widespread acceptance of this intervention

View on Pubmed

Frequency of Treatment

>1/WK

Time in Treatment

2 Weeks

has health condition studied

Substance-Related Disorders

has study population number

93

Item sets