AcuTrials

Could Acupuncture Be Useful in the Treatment of Temporomandibular Dysfunction?

Item

Title

Could Acupuncture Be Useful in the Treatment of Temporomandibular Dysfunction?

Journal Publication

Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies

Date

2015

volume

8(4)

pages

192-199

Research Type

RCT

Keywords

Stomatognathic Diseases
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Masticatory Muscles
Yang Liver Ascension
TCM Acupuncture Style
Acu Versus Usual Care
Occlusal Plane Appliance
Fixed Acupuncture Protocol
Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only
Usual Care Control, Physical

Abstract

In this study, the effects of acupuncture in comparison with flat occlusal plane appliance were evaluated in patient with myogenic temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). The sample consisted of 40 women with TMD and unbalanced energy predominance of Yang Liver Ascension, selected using the Renying and Cunkou pulses, randomly divided into two groups: acupuncture and splint. The effect of treatments on the masseter and anterior temporal muscles was evaluated after 4 weeks of treatment, by means of electromyographic activity (root mean square) and pain pressure threshold. Pain intensity was measured using the visual analog scale, and range of mouth opening was evaluated using a millimeter ruler. All evaluations were performed at the beginning and end of the treatment. Visual analog scale score was reduced equally in the two groups (p < 0001), and the increase in range of mouth opening was significant in both groups. A significant difference was detected only in pain pressure threshold of the left masseter in the acupuncture group (p < 0.05). Only root mean square in the at rest position of the right temporal muscle diminished in the final stage of the splint group (p < 0.05). Both treatments reduced the pain intensity of myogenic TMD in the short term and may be considered strategies for control of chronic pain related to TMD.

doi

10.1016/j.jams.2014.12.001

pmid

PMID:26276455

Language

English

Frequency of Treatment

1/WK

Time in Treatment

4 Weeks

has health condition studied

Stomatognathic Diseases

has study population number

40

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