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Author Albrecht, T.; Wu, S.; Baumann, I.; Plinkert, P.K.; Sertel, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Measurable impact of acupuncture on mucosal swelling of inferior turbinates: a prospective, randomized, controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Acta Oto-Laryngologica Abbreviated Journal Acta Otolaryngol  
  Volume 135 Issue 2 Pages 169-176  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial; Allergies; Pilot Study; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Conclusions: Sham acupuncture turned out to be more effective than expected. The effect of acupuncture cannot be assessed by optical rhinometry (ORM). Objectives: In most cases nasal congestion is caused by hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate as a result of allergic and chronic rhinitis. Topical decongestants cause severe side effects. As a consequence, there is an increasing demand for alternative treatment options such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods: A total of 25 patients with nasal congestion due to hypertrophic inferior turbinate were recruited. The mucosal swelling status of the inferior turbinate was assessed by continuous ORM for 20 min. Patients were asked to score the severity of their nasal congestion on a visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 10 and 20 min after acupuncture. Specific verum acupuncture points related to nasal congestion were tested against non-specific control sham acupuncture points. Results: Sham acupuncture improved VAS scores, whereas ORM measured an increase in nasal swelling. The ORM revealed a quicker onset of the effect of verum acupuncture on the nasal blood flow. Also, verum acupuncture reaches its maximum effect in a shorter time period, so that the net reaction time was much shorter. However, ORM could not prove a decongestant effect of verum acupuncture on inferior turbinate.  
  Address Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany  
  Publisher Taylor & Francis Ltd
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 25  
  Time in Treatment Condition Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2336  
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Author Sertel, S.; Bergmann, Z.; Ratzlaff, K.; Baumann, I.; Greten, H. J.; Plinkert, P. K. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for nasal congestion: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Sinusitis; Nasal Congestion; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Acu Versus Acu; AcuTrials; Respiratory Tract Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Nasal congestion is one of the most common complaints dealt with in otorhinolaryngology. Side effects of decongestants are frequently seenin patients with chronic nasal congestion. This leads to an increasing demand of alternative treatments such as acupuncture. Future studies on acupuncture should aim at objectifying effects by both physical measuring and double blinding. Therefore, we were interested in whether these effects can potentially be measured as increase in nasal airflow (NAF) in ventus (“wind”) disease of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).METHODS: Twenty-four patients with a history of nasal congestion due to hypertrophic inferior turbinates or chronic sinusitis without polyposis wereadditionally diagnosed according to the Heidelberg model of TCM. They were asked to score the severity of their nasal congestion on a visual analog scale(VAS). The acupuncturist was blinded according to the Heidelberg blinding assay. NAF was measured by using active anterior rhinomanometry (ARM).Specific verum acupoints according to the Chinese medical diagnosis were tested against nonspecific control acupoints. VAS and NAF were scored andmeasured before and 15 and 30 minutes after acupuncture.RESULTS: Control acupuncture showed a significant improvement in VAS and a deterioration of NAF. Verum acupuncture showed highly significantimprovements in VAS and NAF. In addition, verum acupuncture improved NAF and VAS significantly over time.CONCLUSION: Our control and verum acupoints fulfill the condition of a control and verum treatment, respectively. Measuring NAF by RRM and scoringVAS are possible and reflect acupuncture effects in vivo  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Sinusitis
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1030  
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