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Author Bullock, M. L.; Kiresuk, T. J.; Sherman, R. E.; Lenz, S. K.; Culliton, P. D.; Boucher, T. A.; Nolan, C. J. url  openurl
  Title A large randomized placebo controlled study of auricular acupuncture for alcohol dependence Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages 71-77  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract We report clinical data on the efficacy of acupuncture for alcohol dependence. 503 patients whose primary substance of abuse was alcohol participated in this randomized, single blind, placebo controlled trial. Patients were assigned to either specific acupuncture, nonspecific acupuncture, symptom based acupuncture or convention treatment alone. Alcohol use was assessed, along with depression, anxiety, functional status, and preference for therapy. This article will focus on results pertaining to alcohol use. Significant improvement was shown on nearly all measures. There were few differences associated with treatment assignment and there were no treatment differences on alcohol use measures, although 49% of subjects reported acupuncture reduced their desire for alcohol. The placebo and preference for treatment measures did not materially effect the results. Generally, acupuncture was not found to make a significant contribution over and above that achieved by conventional treatment alone in reduction of alcohol use  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 18  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 503  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 70  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 99  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cho, S. H.; Whang, W. W. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for Alcohol Dependence: A Systematic Review Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2009 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Acupuncture; Alcoholism; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse;  
  Abstract Background: Acupuncture has been used in the treatment of substance-related disorders for the past 30 years. However, a systematic review to assess the effect of various types of acupuncture for alcohol dependence has not yet been performed. The present systematic review assessed the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: Nineteen electronic databases, including English, Korean, Japanese, and Chinese databases, were systematically searched for RCTs of acupuncture for alcohol dependence up to June 2008 with no language restrictions. The methodological qualities of eligible studies were assessed using the criteria described in the Cochrane Handbook. Results: Eleven studies, which comprised a total of 1,110 individual cases, were systematically reviewed. Only 2 of 11 trials reported satisfactorily all quality criteria. Four trials comparing acupuncture treatment and sham treatments reported data for alcohol craving. Three studies reported that there were no significant differences. Among 4 trials comparing acupuncture and no acupuncture with conventional therapies, 3 reported significant reductions. No differences between acupuncture and sham treatments were found for completion rates (Risk Ratio = 1.07, 95% confidence interval, CI = 0.91 to 1.25) or acupuncture and no acupuncture (Risk Ratio = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.79 to 1.67). Only 3 RCTs reported acupuncture-related adverse events, which were mostly minimal. Conclusions: The results of the included studies were equivocal, and the poor methodological quality and the limited number of the trials do not allow any conclusion about the efficacy of acupuncture for treatment of alcohol dependence. More research and well-designed, rigorous, and large clinical trials are necessary to address these issues  
  Address From the Department of Neuropsychiatry, Hospital of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 177  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Karst, M.; Passie, T.; Friedrich, S.; Wiese, B.; Schneider, U. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms: a randomized, placebo-controlled inpatient study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal Addict Biol  
  Volume 7 Issue 4 Pages 415-419  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract Thirty-four alcoholics were treated with acupuncture to the ear and the body in a randomized single-blind placebo-controlled design over 14 days. Orthodox points and placebo needles to orthodox points were used daily for a total of 10 treatments starting on the first day of admission as add-on therapy to standard medication with carbamazepine. The primary outcome was the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA-Ar-scale) assessed on days 1-6, 9 and 14. No initial differences were found regarding sociodemographic data, drinking history and alcohol-related data, indicating successful randomization. Longitudinal analysis of the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA-Ar-scale) data showed that patients assigned to acupuncture had a general tendency towards better outcome results and significantly fewer withdrawal symptoms on day 14 (Wilcoxon-W=177.500, Z=-2.009, p = 0.045). No significant differences were found in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI X1 and X2) and Eigenschaftswoerterliste (EWL S60). We conclude that acupuncture as an adjunctive treatment to carbamazepine medication shows promise for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Further investigation of this treatment modality appears to be warranted  
  Address Departments of Anesthesiology, Pain Clinic, Medical School of Hannover, Germany  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Days Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 34  
  Time in Treatment 1.5 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 554  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Rampes, H.; Pereira, S.; Mortimer, A.et al openurl 
  Title Does electroacupuncture reduce craving for alcohol? A randomized controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1997 Publication Abbreviated Journal Compl Ther Med  
  Volume 5 Issue Pages 19-26  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Unspecified; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 18 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 59  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 972  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sapir-Weise, R.; Berglund, M.; Frank, A.; Kristenson, H. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in alcoholism treatment: a randomized out-patient study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1999 Publication Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Alcohol  
  Volume 34 Issue 4 Pages 629-635  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract Seventy-two alcoholics were treated with acupuncture to the ear in a randomized single-blind controlled design over 10 weeks. Orthodox points and incorrect points 3-5 mm from orthodox points were used. No initial differences were found regarding social characteristics, the responses to the Swedish version of the Alcohol Use Inventory and the Three-dimensional Personality Questionnaire, indicating a successful randomization. There were non-significant tendencies towards gender differential response after acupuncture treatment (P = 0.07). There was no difference in the number of drinking days or level of craving between treatment and control patients. Among females, those in the treatment group reported reduction of anxiety after 1 month, more often than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Response to acupuncture was not related to personality or drinking pattern. Patients' experience of needle placement was similar in the study and control groups. The effects of acupuncture were less pronounced than those previously reported  
  Address Department of Alcohol and Drug Diseases, Malmoe University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up 14 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 72  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 65  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1015  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trumpler, F.; Oez, S.; Stahli, P.; Brenner, H. D.; Juni, P. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal: A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Alcohol  
  Volume 38 Issue 4 Pages 369-375  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Laser Acupuncture; Nogier Acupunture Style; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Sham Laser; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Verum Acupoint Control; Alcoholism; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: and Aims: Previous trials on acupuncture in alcohol addiction were in outpatients and focused on relapse prevention. Rates of dropout were high and interpretation of results difficult. We compared auricular laser and needle acupuncture with sham laser stimulation in reducing the duration of alcohol withdrawal. METHODS: Inpatients undergoing alcohol withdrawal were randomly allocated to laser acupuncture (n = 17), needle acupuncture (n = 15) or sham laser stimulation (n = 16). Attempts were made to blind patients, therapists and outcome assessors, but this was not feasible for needle acupuncture. The duration of withdrawal symptoms (as assessed using a nurse-rated scale) was the primary outcome; the duration of sedative prescription was the secondary outcome. RESULTS: Patients randomized to laser and sham laser had identical withdrawal symptom durations (median 4 days). Patients randomized to needle stimulation had a shorter duration of withdrawal symptoms (median 3 days; P = 0.019 versus sham intervention), and tended to have a shorter duration of sedative use, but these differences diminished after adjustment for baseline differences. CONCLUSIONS: The data from this pilot trial do not suggest a relevant benefit of auricular laser acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal. A larger trial including adequate sham interventions is needed, however, to reliably determine the effectiveness of any type of auricular acupuncture in this condition  
  Address Psychiatric Hospital Munsingen, 3110 Munsingen, Department of Complementary Medicine (KIKOM), Inselspital, University of Berne, 3010 Berne, Department of Social and Community Psychiatry, University of Berne, Laupenstrasse 49, 3010 Berne, Switzerland,  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 48  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 85  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1182  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Worner, T. M.; Zeller, B.; Schwarz, H.; Zwas, F.; Lyon, D. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture fails to improve treatment outcome in alcoholics Type of Study RCT
  Year 1992 Publication Abbreviated Journal Drug Alcohol Depend  
  Volume 30 Issue 2 Pages 169-173  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract Fifty-six alcoholics (49 male, 7 female) of lower socioeconomic class attending an outpatient treatment program in Brooklyn, New York were prospectively randomized to one of three treatment group: point-specific acupuncture, sham transdermal stimulation or standard care (control). One third of the subjects reported a history of drug use in addition to alcohol. Results in this small sample showed no significant differences in attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, number of outpatients sessions attended, number of weeks in either the study or in the outpatient program, number of persons completing treatment or in the number of relapses. It is therefore concluded that in this small racially mixed sample of urban outpatient alcoholics, fixed point-specific standardized acupuncture did not improve outcome. We caution against the routine use of this treatment until more randomized controlled trials demonstrate a beneficial effect  
  Address Alcoholism Services, Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn, NY 10201  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 36  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 56  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1323  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bullock, M. L.; Culliton, P. D.; Olander, R. T. url  openurl
  Title Controlled trial of acupuncture for severe recidivist alcoholism Type of Study RCT
  Year 1989 Publication Lancet Abbreviated Journal Lancet  
  Volume 1 Issue 8652 Pages 1435-1439  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract In a placebo-controlled study, 80 severe recidivist alcoholics received acupuncture either at points specific for the treatment of substance abuse (treatment group) or at nonspecific points (control group). 21 of 40 patients in the treatment group completed the programme compared with 1 of 40 controls. Significant treatment effects persisted at the end of the six-month follow-up: by comparison with treatment patients more control patients expressed a moderate to strong need for alcohol, and had more than twice the number of both drinking episodes and admissions to a detoxification centre  
  Address Department of Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 26  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 80  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 97  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bullock, M. L.; Umen, A. J.; Culliton, P. D.; Olander, R. T. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture treatment of alcoholic recidivism: a pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1987 Publication Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Clin Exp Res  
  Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 292-295  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract We performed a randomized trial of acupuncture on a group of 54 hardcore alcoholic recidivists to determine if sobriety could be achieved and episodes of drinking and/or Detox Center admissions be decreased by this mode of therapy. Patients in the treatment group received acupuncture points specific for the treatment of substance abuse; control patients received nonspecific points. Significant differences in the two groups were noted at the end of the study. Patients in the treatment group expressed less need for alcohol (p less than 0.003), and had fewer drinking episodes (p less than 0.0076) and admissions to the Detox Center (p less than 0.03) during the study than did control patients. The majority of treated patients felt that acupuncture had a definite impact on their desire to drink, whereas only a few control patients noted this effect (p less than 0.015). The results of this study suggest that acupuncture may be able to interdict the cycle of alcoholic recidivism. Further investigation is needed to define the role of acupuncture in the treatment of alcoholism more precisely  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 29  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 54  
  Time in Treatment 11 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 100  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lee, J.-S.; Kim, S.-G.; Jung, T.-G.; Jung, W.; Kim, S.-Y. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of Zhubin (KI9) acupuncture in reducing alcohol craving in patients with alcohol dependence: A randomized placebo-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine Abbreviated Journal Chinese J Integr Med  
  Volume 21 Issue 4 Pages 307-311  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Alcoholism; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; Korean Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham; Mechanical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Objective: To examine the effect of acupuncture on Zhubin (KI9) in reducing alcohol craving in alcohol-dependent patients. Methods: Twenty male alcohol-dependent patients were randomly assigned to two groups, a treatment group (10 cases, age 43.0±6.8 years) and a placebo group (10 cases, age 44.5±7.9 years). The treatment group was treated with real needle acupuncture on Zhubin (KI9) twice a week for 4 weeks, and the control group was treated with placebo needle acupuncture. Both groups were given acupuncture treatment using Park Sham Device (PSD). Alcohol craving was measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before treatment to establish a baseline, and after 1, 2, and 4 weeks of treatment. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine the main and interaction effects of time and on the outcome measure (VAS). Results: There was a significant effect of time on VAS score (df=3, F=13.3, P<0.01). Main effect of group on VAS score was significant (df=1, F=10.9, P<0.01) and the time×group interaction was also significant (df=3, F=4.7, P<0.01). Conclusions: Real-needle acupuncture therapy on Zhubin (KI9) showed effectiveness in reducing alcohol craving. These results strongly suggest the usefulness of acupuncture therapy on Zhubin (KI9) in preventing a relapse in alcohol dependent patients.  
  Address Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Gyeongnam (626-770), South Korea  
  Publisher Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2317  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Shin, N.Y.; Lim, Y.J.; Yang, C.H.; Kim, C. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for Alcohol Use Disorder: A Meta-Analysis Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2017 Publication Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Abbreviated Journal Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM)  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Alcoholism; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract Empirical research has produced mixed results regarding the e?ects of acupuncture on the treatment of alcohol use disorder in humans. Few studies have provided a comprehensive review or a systematic overview of the magnitude of the treatment e?ect

of acupuncture on alcoholism. This study investigated the e?ects of acupuncture on alcohol-related symptoms and behaviors in patients with this disorder. The PubMed database was searched until 23 August 2016, and reference lists from review studies were also reviewed. Seventeen studies were identified for a full-text inspection, and seven (243 patients) of these met our inclusion criteria. The outcomes assessed at the last posttreatment point and any available follow-up data were extracted from each of the studies. Our meta-analysis demonstrated that an acupuncture intervention had a stronger e?ect on reducing alcohol-related symptoms and behaviors than did the control intervention (g = 0.67). A beneficial but weak effect of acupuncture treatment was also found in the follow-up data (g = 0.29). Although our analysis showed a significant difference between acupuncture and the control intervention in patients with alcohol use disorder, this meta-analysis is limited by the small number of studies included. Thus, a larger cohort study is required to provide a firm conclusion.
 
  Address Chae Ha Yang, chyang@dhu.ac.kr; Cheongtag Kim, ctkim@snu.ac.kr  
  Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 120681737; Source Information: 1/12/2017, p1; Subject Term: ALCOHOL-induced disorders -- Treatment; Subject Term: ACUPUNCTURE; Subject Term: EXPERIMENTAL design; Subject Term: LONGITUDINAL method; Subject Term: MEDLINE; Subject Term: META-analysis; Subject Term: ONLINE information services; Subject Term: EMPIRICAL research; Subject Term: TREATMENT effectiveness; Subject Term: CONTROL groups (Research); Subject Term: ; Number of Pages: 6p; ; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 3 Charts; ; Document Type: Article; Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2244  
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Author Southern, C.; Lloyd, C.; Liu, J.; Wang, C.; Zhang, T.; Bland, M.; MacPherson, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture as an intervention to reduce alcohol dependency: a systematic review and meta-analysis Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2016 Publication Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal Chin Med  
  Volume 11 Issue Pages 49  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Alcoholism; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been widely used as a treatment for alcohol dependence. An updated and rigorously conducted systematic review is needed to establish the extent and quality of the evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture as an intervention for reducing alcohol dependence. This review aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of acupuncture for reducing alcohol dependence as assessed by changes in either craving or withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: In this systematic review, a search strategy was designed to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in either the English or Chinese literature, with a priori eligibility criteria. The following English language databases were searched from inception until June 2015: AMED, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed; and the following Chinese language databases were similarly searched: CNKI, Sino-med, VIP, and WanFang. Methodological quality of identified RCTs was assessed using the Jadad Scale and the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. RESULTS: Fifteen RCTs were included in this review, comprising 1378 participants. The majority of the RCTs were rated as having poor methodological rigour. A statistically significant effect was found in the two primary analyses: acupuncture reduced alcohol craving compared with all controls (SMD = -1.24, 95% CI = -1.96 to -0.51); and acupuncture reduced alcohol withdrawal symptoms compared with all controls (SMD = -0.50, 95% CI = -0.83 to -0.17). In secondary analyses: acupuncture reduced craving compared with sham acupuncture (SMD = -1.00, 95% CI = -1.79 to -0.21); acupuncture reduced craving compared with controls in RCTs conducted in Western countries (SMD = -1.15, 95% CI = -2.12 to -0.18); and acupuncture reduced craving compared with controls in RCTs with only male participants (SMD = -1.68, 95% CI = -2.62 to -0.75). CONCLUSION: This study showed that acupuncture was potentially effective in reducing alcohol craving and withdrawal symptoms and could be considered as an additional treatment choice and/or referral option within national healthcare systems.  
  Address Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28018479; PMCID:PMC5160025 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2192  
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Author Toteva, S.; Milanov, I. openurl 
  Title The use of Body Acupuncture for Treatment of Alcohol Dependence and Withdrawl Syndrome: A Controlled Study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1996 Publication American journal of acupuncture Abbreviated Journal Am J Acupunct  
  Volume 24 Issue 1 Pages 19-  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Detoxification; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 13  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 118  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1175  
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