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Author (up) Huguenin, L.; Brukner, P. D.; McCrory, P.; Smith, P.; Wajswelner, H.; Bennell, K. url  openurl
  Title Effect of dry needling of gluteal muscles on straight leg raise: a randomised, placebo controlled, double blind trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication Abbreviated Journal Br J Sports Med  
  Volume 39 Issue 2 Pages 84-90  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Athletes; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Sports Medicine; Trigger Point Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Muscle Strength; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Dry Needling, With Acupuncture Needle  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: To use a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial to establish the effect on straight leg raise, hip internal rotation, and muscle pain of dry needling treatment to the gluteal muscles in athletes with posterior thigh pain referred from gluteal trigger points. METHODS: A randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial of 59 male runners was performed during the 2002 Australian Rules football season. Subjects were thoroughly screened and had magnetic resonance imaging of their hamstring muscles to exclude local pathology. The inclusion criterion was reproduction of recognisable posterior thigh pain with the application of digital pressure to the gluteal trigger points. Subjects randomly received either therapeutic or placebo needle treatment on one occasion at their gluteal trigger points. Range of motion and visual analogue scale data were collected immediately before, immediately after, 24 hours after, and 72 hours after the intervention. Range of motion was measured with passive straight leg raise and hip internal rotation. Visual analogue scales were completed for hamstring and gluteal pain and tightness at rest and during a running task. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed normal hamstring musculature in most subjects. Straight leg raise and hip internal rotation remained unchanged in both groups at all times. Visual analogue scale assessment of hamstring pain and tightness and gluteal tightness after running showed improvements immediately after the intervention in both groups (p = 0.001), which were maintained at 24 and 72 hours. The magnitude of this improvement was the same for therapeutic and placebo interventions. Resting muscle pain and tightness were unaffected. CONCLUSIONS: Neither dry needling nor placebo needling of the gluteal muscles resulted in any change in straight leg raise or hip internal rotation. Both interventions resulted in subjective improvement in activity related muscle pain and tightness. Despite being commonly used clinical tests in this situation, straight leg raise and hip internal rotation are not likely to help the therapist assess response to treatment. Patient reports of response to such treatment are better indicators of its success. The mechanisms by which these responses occur and the reasons for the success of the placebo needling treatment are areas for further investigation  
  Address Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 3 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 59  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score 72  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 489  
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Author (up) Kong, Y.; Xu, F.; Lin, X.; Feng, Z.; Shi, H.; Yu, G.; Hu, L.; Li, X.; Jiang, L. url  openurl
  Title Effects of the lifting manipulation of scalp acupuncture for raising myodynamia of the affected limbs in hemiplegic patients due to cerebral thrombosis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 25 Issue 4 Pages 256-259  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cerebral Infarction; Hemiplegia; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Stroke; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Muscle Strength; Hemiplegia  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To provide a new therapy with definite quality controllable therapeutic effects for functional restoration of the affected limbs in hemiplegic patients due to cerebral thrombosis. METHOD: 180 patients with hemiplegia due to cerebral thrombosis were randomly divided into 2 groups: the treatment group (treated with scalp acupuncture by using the lifting manipulation) and the control group (treated with scalp acupuncture by using the twirling manipulation). Evaluations were given for the two groups based on the improvement of myodynamia and comprehensive functions after the treatment. RESULTS: Both groups showed increased myodynamia, but with different cured and much relieved rates (86.67% in the treatment group and 5% in the control group, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Scalp acupuncture with the lifting manipulation can dramatically increase myodynamia of the affected limbs in hemiplegic patients due to cerebral thrombosis  
  Address Department of Acupuncture, Zhejiang Provincial Tongde Hospital, Hangzhou, China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 180  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Hemiplegia
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 599  
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Author (up) Liu, S. Y.; Hsieh, C. L.; Wei, T. S.; Liu, P. T.; Chang, Y. J.; Li, T. C. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture stimulation improves balance function in stroke patients: a single-blinded controlled, randomized study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication The American journal of Chinese medicine Abbreviated Journal Am J Chin Med  
  Volume 37 Issue 3 Pages 483-494  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Balance; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Motor Function; Muscle Strength; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Stroke; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract The disturbance of balance function is one of main etiology resulting in falling down in stroke patients. A number of studies report that acupuncture may improve the motor function of stroke patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of acupuncture on balance function. We designed a single-blinded, controlled, randomized study. A total of 30 stroke patients were randomized into experimental and control groups. Experimental groups received acupuncture treatment accompanied by the manual twisting of needles and obtaining of qi (the subjects experienced sensations of soreness, numbness, swelling and heaviness, while the acupuncturist experienced a sensation of needle resistance), whereas the control group did not receive manual twisting of needles and without obtaining of qi. All of the subjects were first-time stroke patients; infarction location was limited to either the left or right hemisphere, and all subjects were able to walk for at least 6 meters. Acupuncture stimulation (AS) was applied to Baihui (GV 20) acupoint as well as to 4 spirit acupoints (1.5 cun anterior, posterior, left and right laterals from Baihui acupoint, respectively) for 20 min. Balance function outcome measures were: (1) the displacement area of the patient's center of gravity; (2) the time taken for a patient to stand vertically from a seated position; (3) the time taken for a patient to walk a distance of 6 meters; (4) muscle strength of both lower extremities. Results indicated that the displacement area from the center of gravity decreased in the experimental group, but not in the control group. There was greater reduction in the displacement area in the experimental group than in the control group. Following AS, the time taken to reach a standing position from a seated position, as well as the time taken to walk 6 meters was decreased equally in both the experimental and control groups. The muscle strength of the hip flexor and knee extensor were increased in the paralyzed and non-paralyzed sides of patients in the experimental group, but not in the control group. The results of the present study suggest that acupuncture stimulation may induce an immediate effect that improves balance function in stroke patients  
  Address Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 30  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Postural Balance
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 755  
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Author (up) Plaster, R.; Vieira, W.B.; Alencar, F.A.D.; Nakano, E.Y.; Liebano, R.E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Immediate effects of electroacupuncture and manual acupuncture on pain, mobility and muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine Abbreviated Journal Acupuncture Med  
  Volume 32 Issue 3 Pages 236-241  
  Keywords Osteoarthritis, Knee -- Therapy; Acupuncture -- Methods; Electroacupuncture -- Methods; Pain; Physical Mobility; Muscle Strength; Human; Randomized Controlled Trials; Descriptive Statistics; Brazil; Female; Male; Adult; Middle Age; Aged; Aged, 80 and Over; Dynamometry; Intrarater Reliability; Sample Size Determination; Two-Way Analysis of Variance; Pretest-Posttest Design; Data Analysis Software; Clinical Assessment Tools  
  Abstract Objective: To compare the immediate effects of electroacupuncture and manual acupuncture on pain, mobility and muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Sixty patients with knee osteoarthritis, with a pain intensity of ?2 on the pain Numerical Rating Scale, were included. The patients were randomised into two groups: manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture. Pain intensity, degree of dysfunction (Timed Up and Go (TUG) test), maximal voluntary isometric contraction and pressure pain threshold were assessed before and after a single session of manual acupuncture or electroacupuncture treatments. Results: Both groups showed a significant reduction in pain intensity (p<0.001) and time to run the TUG test after the acupuncture treatment (p=0.005 for the manual acupuncture group and p=0.002 for the electroacupuncture group). There were no differences between the groups regarding pain intensity (p=0.25), TUG test (p=0.70), maximum voluntary isometric contraction (p=0.43) or pressure pain threshold (p=0.27). Conclusions: This study found no difference between the immediate effects of a single session of manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture on pain, muscle strength and mobility in patients with knee osteoarthritis.  
  Address Departamento de Estatística, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil  
  Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 103977173. Language: English. Entry Date: 20140725. Revision Date: 20150710. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland. Instrumentation: Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUG); Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). NLM UID: 9304117. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103977173 Serial 2369  
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