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Author Trumpler, F.; Oez, S.; Stahli, P.; Brenner, H. D.; Juni, P.
Title Acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal: A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Alcohol
Volume 38 Issue 4 Pages 369-375
Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Laser Acupuncture; Nogier Acupunture Style; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Sham Laser; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Verum Acupoint Control; Alcoholism; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse
Abstract BACKGROUND: and Aims: Previous trials on acupuncture in alcohol addiction were in outpatients and focused on relapse prevention. Rates of dropout were high and interpretation of results difficult. We compared auricular laser and needle acupuncture with sham laser stimulation in reducing the duration of alcohol withdrawal. METHODS: Inpatients undergoing alcohol withdrawal were randomly allocated to laser acupuncture (n = 17), needle acupuncture (n = 15) or sham laser stimulation (n = 16). Attempts were made to blind patients, therapists and outcome assessors, but this was not feasible for needle acupuncture. The duration of withdrawal symptoms (as assessed using a nurse-rated scale) was the primary outcome; the duration of sedative prescription was the secondary outcome. RESULTS: Patients randomized to laser and sham laser had identical withdrawal symptom durations (median 4 days). Patients randomized to needle stimulation had a shorter duration of withdrawal symptoms (median 3 days; P = 0.019 versus sham intervention), and tended to have a shorter duration of sedative use, but these differences diminished after adjustment for baseline differences. CONCLUSIONS: The data from this pilot trial do not suggest a relevant benefit of auricular laser acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal. A larger trial including adequate sham interventions is needed, however, to reliably determine the effectiveness of any type of auricular acupuncture in this condition
Address Psychiatric Hospital Munsingen, 3110 Munsingen, Department of Complementary Medicine (KIKOM), Inselspital, University of Berne, 3010 Berne, Department of Social and Community Psychiatry, University of Berne, Laupenstrasse 49, 3010 Berne, Switzerland,
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 48
Time in Treatment N/A Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 85
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1182
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Author Goertz, C. M.; Niemtzow, R.; Burns, S. M.; Fritts, M. J.; Crawford, C. C.; Jonas, W. B.
Title Auricular acupuncture in the treatment of acute pain syndromes: A pilot study Type of Study RCT
Year 2006 Publication Military medicine Abbreviated Journal Mil Med
Volume 171 Issue 10 Pages 1010-1014
Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Pain; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Ear Tacks; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Nogier Acupunture Style; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical
Abstract This pilot study used a randomized controlled clinical trial design to compare the effects of standard emergency medical care to auricular acupuncture plus standard emergency medical care in patients with acute pain syndromes. Eighty-seven active duty military personnel and their dependents with a diagnosis of acute pain completed the study, which was conducted in the emergency room (ER) at Malcolm Grow Medical Center, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. The primary outcome measure was change in pain level from baseline, as measured by the Numerical Rating Scale. Participants in the acupuncture group experienced a 23% reduction in pain before leaving the ER, while average pain levels in participants in the standard medical care group remained basically unchanged. (p < 0.0005). However, both groups experienced a similar reduction in pain 24 hours following treatment in the ER. More research is needed to elucidate treatment effects and to determine mechanisms
Address Samueli Institute for Information Biology, 1700 Diagonal Road, Suite 400, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
Language Number of Treatments 1
Treatment Follow-up 1 Day Frequency N/A Number of Participants 50
Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Pain
Disease Category Pain OCSI Score 72
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 386
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