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Author (up) Alecrim-Andrade, J.; iel-Junior, J.; Cladellas, X.; Correa-Filho, H.; Machado, H. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in migraine prophylaxis: a randomized sham-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache Abbreviated Journal Cephalalgia  
  Volume 26 Issue 5 Pages 520-529  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Penetrating Sham; Migraine; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Headache Disorders  
  Abstract The purpose of the present trial was to evaluate semi-standardized acupuncture efficacy in migraine prophylaxis. Twenty-eight subjects with migraine were randomized to the real or sham acupuncture groups. Semi-standardized and standardized minimal acupuncture were used, respectively, in the two groups of patients. They were all treated with 16 acupuncture sessions in 12 weeks. Both groups exhibited similar reductions in: percentage of patients with reduction of migraine >/= 40% and >/= 50% regarding frequency of migraine attacks, days with migraine, frequency of migraine attacks, average duration of a migraine attack, rate of rescue medication used, average headache severity rate and other parameters compared with the baseline period. Associated symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, also showed equal estimates in both groups. These findings showed that semi-standardized acupuncture shows no difference from sham acupuncture in preventing migraine attacks  
  Address Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Medicina Interna, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 28  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score 77  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 11  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alecrim-Andrade, J.; Maciel-Junior, J. A.; Carne, X.; Vasconcelos, G. M.S.; Correa-Filho, H. R. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in migraine prevention: a randomized sham controlled study with 6-months posttreatment follow-up Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication The Clinical journal of pain Abbreviated Journal Clin J Pain  
  Volume 24 Issue 2 Pages 98-105  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; Analgesia; AcuTrials; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Migraine; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Headache Disorders  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of acupuncture in migraine prophylaxis. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with migraine were enrolled in a randomized control trial at the Headache clinic located in a University Hospital. Real and sham acupuncture groups received 16 acupuncture sessions over 3 months. Treatment was individualized in the real acupuncture group and minimal acupuncture was used in the sham group. The primary end point was the percentage of patients with a >or=50% reduction in their migraine attack frequency in the second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth (months) compared with the first one (baseline period). Primary and secondary end points were measured comparing headache diaries. RESULTS: Real acupuncture group showed improvement with significant differences compared with the sham acupuncture group in the primary efficacy end point (P=0.021) at the second month of the treatment. Differences also appeared in 2 secondary end points: number of days with migraine per month (P=0.007) in the second month and the percentage of patients with >or=40% reduction in migraine attack frequency in the first (P=0.044) and second months (P=0.004) of the treatment. These differences disappeared in the third (last) month of the treatment as a consequence of the high improvement of the sham acupuncture group. Comparisons within each group showed that several migraine parameters evaluated improved significantly in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Individualized treatment based on traditional Chinese medicine plays a role in preventing migraine attacks. Nevertheless, sham acupuncture had similar effects. Major conclusions were limited by the small sample sizes however the observed trends may contribute to design future trials  
  Address Department of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain. jalecrim@uol.com.br  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 37  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 12  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Allen, J. J.; Schnyer, R. N.; Chambers, A. S.; Hitt, S. K.; Moreno, F. A.; Manber, R. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for depression: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication The Journal of clinical psychiatry Abbreviated Journal J Clin Psychiatry  
  Volume 67 Issue 11 Pages 1665-1673  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Depression; Depressive Disorder; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Manualized Acupuncture Protocol; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Wait-List Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of acupuncture as an intervention for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Acupuncture was examined in 151 patients with MDD (DSM-IV) who were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups in a double-blind randomized controlled trial. The specific intervention involved Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)-style acupuncture with manual stimulation for depression; the control conditions consisted of (1) a nonspecific intervention using a comparable number of legitimate acupuncture points not specifically targeted to depressive symptoms and (2) a waitlist condition, which involved waiting without intervention for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, all patients received the depression-specific acupuncture. Each 8-week intervention regimen consisted of 12 acupuncture sessions delivered in an acupuncturist's office in the community. The primary outcome measure was the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. The study was conducted from February 1998 to April 2002. RESULTS: Twenty patients terminated treatment before the completion of the 8-week intervention (13%) but not differentially by study group. Random regression models of the intent-to-treat sample revealed that although patients receiving acupuncture improved more than those awaiting intervention, no evidence of differential efficacy of the depression-specific over nonspecific intervention was found. Response rates in acupuncture-treated patients were relatively low after 8 weeks (22% and 39% for specific and nonspecific intervention groups, respectively), with the response rate after the entire 16-week trial reaching 50%. CONCLUSION: Although TCM manual acupuncture is a well-tolerated intervention, results fail to support its efficacy as a monotherapy for MDD. It can't be ruled out that factors unique to the implementation of acupuncture in this research study may have limited the efficacy of interventions compared to those provided in naturalistic settings. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00010517  
  Address Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721-0068, USA. jallen@u.arizona.edu  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 16 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 151  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Depressive Disorder
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score 77  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 20  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Anastasi, J. K.; Capili, B.; McMahon, D. J.; Scully, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acu/Moxa for distal sensory peripheral neuropathy in HIV: a randomized control pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC Abbreviated Journal J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care  
  Volume 24 Issue 3 Pages 268-275  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Peripheral Neuropathy; HIV Infections; RCT; Pilot Study; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Moxa; Indirect Moxibustion; Moxibustion  
  Abstract  
  Address Founding Director, Division of Special Studies in Symptom Management, New York University College of Nursing, New York, New York, USA.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 15 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 50  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Peripheral Neuropathy
  Disease Category HIV Infections OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 26  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Assefi, N. P.; Sherman, K. J.; Jacobsen, C.; Goldberg, J.; Smith, W. R.; Buchwald, D. url  openurl
  Title A randomized clinical trial of acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture in fibromyalgia Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication Annals of internal medicine Abbreviated Journal Ann Intern Med  
  Volume 143 Issue 1 Pages 10-19  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Adverse Effects; Fibromyalgia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common chronic pain condition for which patients frequently use acupuncture. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acupuncture relieves pain in fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Randomized, sham-controlled trial in which participants, data collection staff, and data analysts were blinded to treatment group. SETTING: Private acupuncture offices in the greater Seattle, Washington, metropolitan area. PATIENTS: 100 adults with fibromyalgia. INTERVENTION: Twice-weekly treatment for 12 weeks with an acupuncture program that was specifically designed to treat fibromyalgia, or 1 of 3 sham acupuncture treatments: acupuncture for an unrelated condition, needle insertion at nonacupoint locations, or noninsertive simulated acupuncture. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was subjective pain as measured by a 10-cm visual analogue scale ranging from 0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain ever). Measurements were obtained at baseline; 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment; and 3 and 6 months after completion of treatment. Participant blinding and adverse effects were ascertained by self-report. The primary outcomes were evaluated by pooling the 3 sham-control groups and comparing them with the group that received acupuncture to treat fibromyalgia. RESULTS: The mean subjective pain rating among patients who received acupuncture for fibromyalgia did not differ from that in the pooled sham acupuncture group (mean between-group difference, 0.5 cm [95% CI, -0.3 cm to 1.2 cm]). Participant blinding was adequate throughout the trial, and no serious adverse effects were noted. LIMITATIONS: A prescription of acupuncture at fixed points may differ from acupuncture administered in clinical settings, in which therapy is individualized and often combined with herbal supplementation and other adjunctive measures. A usual-care comparison group was not studied. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture was no better than sham acupuncture at relieving pain in fibromyalgia  
  Address The Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies, and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 100  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score 88  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 42  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Avants, S. K.; Margolin, A.; Holford, T. R.; Kosten, T. R. url  openurl
  Title A randomized controlled trial of auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Archives of internal medicine Abbreviated Journal Arch Intern Med  
  Volume 160 Issue 15 Pages 2305-2312  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Substance-Related Disorders; Cocaine-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Relaxation; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Partly because of a lack of a conventional, effective treatment for cocaine addiction, auricular acupuncture is used to treat this disorder in numerous drug treatment facilities across the country for both primary cocaine-dependent and opiate-dependent populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of auricular acupuncture for the treatment of cocaine addiction. METHODS: Eighty-two cocaine-dependent, methadone-maintained patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: auricular acupuncture, a needle-insertion control condition, or a no-needle relaxation control. Treatment sessions were provided 5 times weekly for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was cocaine use assessed by 3-times-weekly urine toxicology screens. RESULTS: Longitudinal analysis of the urine data for the intent-to-treat sample showed that patients assigned to acupuncture were significantly more likely to provide cocaine-negative urine samples relative to both the relaxation control (odds ratio, 3.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-8.72; P =. 01) and the needle-insertion control (odds ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-5.75; P =.05). CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the current study suggest that acupuncture shows promise for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Further investigation of this treatment modality appears to be warranted  
  Address Substance Abuse Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 40  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 82  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Cocaine-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 83  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 45  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Beal, M. W.; Nield-Anderson, L. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for symptom relief in HIV-positive adults: lessons learned from a pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Abbreviated Journal Altern Ther Health Med  
  Volume 6 Issue 5 Pages 33-42  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; HIV Infections; Penetrating Sham; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; HIV Infections  
  Abstract CONTEXT: Although acupuncture is used by many people with HIV disease as a complementary treatment to Western medicine, there is a lack of scientifically sound research on patient responses and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of conducting a larger study investigating the efficacy of acupuncture on symptom distress, psychological distress, and quality of life in HIV-infected individuals. DESIGN: This pilot study used a block randomization, single-blinded design. SETTING: Yale University General Clinical Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven HIV-positive participants. INTERVENTION: Patients were grouped by CD4 cell counts and received acupuncture treatments twice each week for 3 weeks. The experimental group received a protocol with 2 components: one tailored to the individual's symptoms and a second standardized component treatment designed to promote health and immune function. The control-needling group received a standardized acupuncture involving stimulation of acupuncture points identified as “clinically irrelevant” in treating the conditions under investigation (i.e., acupuncture points that have consistently not been cited as helpful for symptoms of relevant conditions or immune disorders). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The HIV-Symptom List was administered to gather data on symptom distress, the Brief Symptom Inventory was used to gather data on psychological distress, and the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection was administered to collect data on quality of life. RESULTS: Preliminary data from small numbers of participants showed trends toward improvement in symptoms and quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: A follow-up pilot study will focus on the use of acupuncture to relieve gastrointestinal symptoms in people with HIV  
  Address Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Conn., USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 11  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition HIV Infections
  Disease Category HIV Infections OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 63  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Berman, A. H.; Lundberg, U.; Krook, A. L.; Gyllenhammar, C. url  openurl
  Title Treating drug using prison inmates with auricular acupuncture; A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 26 Issue 2 Pages 95-102  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract This study tested the viability of auricular acupuncture in prisons for alleviating inmates' symptoms of psychological and physical discomfort and reducing their drug use. The experimental NADA-Acudetox protocol was compared with a non-specific helix control protocol in a randomized trial. Over a period of 18 months, a 4-week, 14-session auricular acupuncture treatment program was offered in two prisons to 163 men and women with self-reported drug use. Among treatment completers, no differences by method were found in self-reported symptoms of discomfort. Drug use occurred in the NADA group but not in the helix group. In contrast, confidence in the NADA treatment increased over time while it decreased for the helix treatment. No significant negative side effects were observed for either method. Participants in both groups reported reduced symptoms of discomfort and improved nighttime sleep. Future research should compare auricular acupuncture to a non-invasive control in order to attempt to disentangle active effects from placebo  
  Address Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Frescati Hagvag 14, plan 3, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Center for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sveavagen 160, plan 5, S-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 163  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Substance-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 67  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 67  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Birch, S.; Jamison, R. N. url  openurl
  Title Controlled trial of Japanese acupuncture for chronic myofascial neck pain: assessment of specific and nonspecific effects of treatment Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication The Clinical journal of pain Abbreviated Journal Clin J Pain  
  Volume 14 Issue 3 Pages 248-255  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Ion Pumping Cords; Japanese Acupuncture Style; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Neck Pain; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Heat Lamp  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: This article examines the specific and nonspecific effects of Japanese acupuncture on chronic myofascial neck pain in a randomized single-blind trial. DESIGN: Forty-six patients were randomly assigned to receive relevant acupuncture, irrelevant acupuncture, or no-acupuncture control treatment consisting of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication. The two acupuncture groups underwent comparable light shallow needling. The irrelevant acupuncture group received acupuncture at specific sites not relevant for cervical pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: The study measures included the McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form (SF-MPQ), the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R), medication diary, and physiologic measures. The factors examined as predictors of outcome pain ratings were experience with, beliefs about, and knowledge of acupuncture before treatment; perceived efficacy, credibility, and logic of acupuncture; perceived competence of the acupuncturist; and painfulness of acupuncture. RESULTS: No differences were found among the three groups at baseline, except that the relevant acupuncture group reported having had more previous acupuncture treatments. No significant differences in terms of perceived credibility or perceived effectiveness of treatment were found between the two acupuncture groups. The relevant acupuncture group had significantly greater pre-/posttreatment differences in pain than the irrelevant acupuncture and control groups (p < .05). The nonspecific effects of confidence in the acupuncturist, willingness to try any treatment, mood, and physiologic effect of needling were not predictive of treatment outcome, whereas confidence in the treatment and past experiences with acupuncture did correlate significantly with a decrease in pain. CONCLUSIONS: Relevant acupuncture with heat contributes to modest pain reduction in persons with myofascial neck pain. Previous experience with and confidence in treatment help to predict benefit. Measurement of nonspecific effects of alternative therapy is recommended in future clinical trials  
  Address Anglo-Dutch Institute of Oriental Medicine, IJmuiden, The Netherlands  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 46  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score 58  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 75  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Brinkhaus, B.; Hummelsberger, J.; Kohnen, R.; Seufert, J.; Hempen, C. H.; Leonhardy, H.; Nogel, R.; Joos, S.; Hahn, E.; Schuppan, D. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomized-controlled clinical trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication European journal of allergy and clinical immunology Abbreviated Journal Allergy  
  Volume 59 Issue 9 Pages 953-960  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Herbal Formula; Penetrating Sham; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Background: Patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) increasingly use complementary medicine. The aim of this study was to determine whether traditional Chinese therapy is efficacious in patients suffering from seasonal AR. Methods: Fifty-two patients between the ages of 20 and 58 who had typical symptoms of seasonal AR were assigned randomly and in a blinded fashion to (i) an active treatment group which received a semi-standardized acupuncture of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine, and (ii) a control group which received acupuncture applied to non-acupuncture points in addition to a non-specific Chinese herbal formula. All patients received acupuncture treatment once per week and the respective Chinese herbal formula as a decoction three times daily for a total of 6 weeks. Assessments were performed before, during, and 1 week after treatment. The change in severity of hay fever symptoms was the primary outcome measured on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Results: Compared with patients in the control group, patients in the active treatment group showed a significant after-treatment improvement on the VAS (P = 0.006) and Rhinitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (P = 0.015). Improvement on the Global Assessment of Change Scale was noted in 85% of active treatment group participants vs 40% in the control group (P = 0.048). No differences between the two groups could be detected with the Allergic Rhinitis Symptom Questionnaire. Both treatments were well-tolerated. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that traditional Chinese therapy may be an efficacious and safe treatment option for patients with seasonal AR  
  Address Department of Medicine I, Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen Germany  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Week Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 52  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score 73  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 89  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Carlsson, C. P.; Axemo, P.; al, Bodin A et url  openurl
  Title Manual acupuncture reduces hyperemesis gravidarum: A placebo-controlled, randomized, single-blind, cross-over study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Pain Symptom Manage  
  Volume 20 Issue Pages 273-279  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Emesis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Hyperemesis Gravidarum; Penetrating Sham; Morning Sickness; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Vomiting; Women's Health; Pregnancy Complications  
  Abstract Hyperemesis gravidarum, severe vomiting, develops in about 1-2% of all pregnancies. Acupuncture on the point PC6 above the wrist on the palmar side has been found to prevent some types of nausea and vomiting. The purpose of the present study was to see if acupuncture, in addition to standard treatment, could hasten the improvement of hyperemesis gravidarum. Thirty-three women with hyperemesis were evaluated in a randomized, single-blind, crossover comparison of two methods of acupuncture, active (deep) PC6 acupuncture or placebo (superficial) acupuncture. The women estimated their degree of nausea on a visual analogue scale (VAS). The daily number of emesis episodes were documented. Crossover analyses showed that there was a significantly faster reduction of nausea VAS and more women who stopped vomiting after active acupuncture than after placebo acupuncture. This study suggests that active PC6 acupuncture, in combination with standard treatment, could make women with hyperemesis gravidarum better faster than placebo acupuncture  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Hyperemesis Gravidarum
  Disease Category Pregnancy Complications OCSI Score 74  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 114  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Chow, O. K.; So, S. Y.; Lam, W. K.; Yu, D. Y.; Yeung, C. Y. url  openurl
  Title Effect of acupuncture on exercise-induced asthma Type of Study RCT
  Year 1983 Publication Lung Abbreviated Journal Lung  
  Volume 161 Issue 6 Pages 321-326  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; AcuTrials; Asthma; Asthma, Exercise-Induced; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 16  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Asthma
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 189  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Chu, K. A.; Wu, Y. C.; Ting, Y. M.; Wang, H. C.; Lu, J. Y. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture therapy results in immediate bronchodilating effect in asthma patients Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA Abbreviated Journal J Chin Med Assoc  
  Volume 70 Issue 7 Pages 265-268  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Asthma; Cross-Over Design; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Background: According to previous data on asthma in the English literature, there are some results that show encouraging effects of acupuncture improving pulmonary function in asthma patients. We designed a prospective randomized crossover controlled study to determine the efficacy of acupuncture in asthma patients. Methods: Eighteen asthma patients with bronchodilator response >20% improvement of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were initially randomly assigned to receive 1 performance of real acupuncture (RA) or sham acupuncture (SA) in a blinded manner. After a washout period, the patients were crossed over. Spirometry was done and recorded before and after acupuncture. Results: Sixteen of 18 patients completed the study. The mean (+/-SD) FEV1 values before and after RA were 1.52 +/- 0.45L and 1.67 +/- 0.40L, respectively (p < 0.001). The mean (+/-SD) FEV1 values before and after SA were 1.49 +/- 0.40L and 1.49 +/- 0.41L, respectively (p = 0.838, not significant). The percentage change in FEV1 values after RA was better than after SA (RA, 11.57 +/- 8.11%; SA, 0.32 +/- 7.76%; p = 0.003), while the bronchodilator response of FEV1 from simple inhalation bronchodilator was better than that for RA (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In asthma patients, acupuncture treatment may result in immediate improvement of FEV1, but the degree of improvement is less than that from inhalation bronchodilator  
  Address Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, and National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 18  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Asthma
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 193  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Dai, J.; Liang, S. url  openurl
  Title A clinical observation on coronary heart disease treated by otopuncture at heart otopoint Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 43-46  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; AcuTrials; Angina Pectoris; Arrhythmias, Cardiac; Auricular Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Myocardial Infarction; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Coronary Disease; Cardiovascular Diseases  
  Abstract  
  Address Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 38  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Coronary Disease
  Disease Category Cardiovascular Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 220  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Dennehy, E. B.; Schnyer, R.; Bernstein, I. H.; Gonzalez, R.; Shivakumar, G.; Kelly, D. I.; Snow, D. E.; Sureddi, S.; Suppes, T. openurl 
  Title The safety, acceptability, and effectiveness of acupuncture as an adjunctive treatment for acute symptoms in bipolar disorder Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication The Journal of clinical psychiatry Abbreviated Journal J Clin Psychiatry  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Bipolar Disorder; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Manualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Affective Disorders, Psychotic; Non Specific Acupoint Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: There is growing interest in the utility of nonpharmacologic treatments for mood symptoms, including mood elevation and depression associated with bipolar disorders. The purpose of this research was to provide preliminary data on the safety, effectiveness, and acceptability of adjunctive acupuncture in the acute treatment of hypomania and depression associated with bipolar disorder. METHOD: Two randomized trials were conducted to assess the benefits of adjunctive acupuncture for symptoms of depression and hypomania in patients with bipolar disorder (DSM-IV criteria). For 20 patients experiencing symptoms of hypomania, targeted acupuncture (points specific to symptoms) was compared to acupuncture points off the acupuncture meridian over 12 weeks (from May 2000 through May 2003). For patients experiencing symptoms of depression (n = 26), targeted acupuncture was compared to acupuncture for nonpsychiatric health concerns over 8 weeks (from November 2001 through May 2003). Preexisting psychotropic medications were maintained at stable doses throughout study participation. RESULTS: Regardless of acupuncture assignment or symptom pattern at entry, all patients experienced improvement over the course of study participation. There was evidence that acupuncture treatment did target the symptom dimension of interest (mood elevation in Study I, depression in Study II). There were few negative side effects and no attrition directly associated with adjunctive acupuncture. CONCLUSIONS: Novel methodologies are needed to assess the utility of acupuncture as adjunctive treatment of mood episodes associated with bipolar disorder. We observed similar benefits associated with “placebo” acupuncture experiences and active treatment. Further studies are warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION (STUDY II): clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00071669  
  Address Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 30  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Bipolar Disorder
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 237  
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Author (up) Dias, P. L.; Subramaniam, S.; Lionel, N. D. url  openurl
  Title Effects of acupuncture in bronchial asthma: preliminary communication Type of Study RCT
  Year 1982 Publication Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Abbreviated Journal J R Soc Med  
  Volume 75 Issue 4 Pages 245-248  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Asthma; Bronchial Asthma; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Peak Expiratory Flow Rate; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Twenty patients randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group participated in a double blind study to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture in bronchial asthma, using the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) as an index of bronchial patency. All patients in the control group showed a significant improvement in their PEFR while only 3 patients in the treated group showed an improvement. A subjective improvement and a reduction in drug dosages were observed in both groups. It is concluded that acupuncture has a placebo effect in bronchial asthma  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 7  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Asthma
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 243  
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Author (up) Dieterle, S.; Ying, G.; Hatzmann, W.; Neuer, A. url  openurl
  Title Effect of acupuncture on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection: a randomized, prospective, controlled clinical study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Fertility and sterility Abbreviated Journal Fertil Steril  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ear Seeds; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; In Vitro Fertilization; Infertility, Female; Penetrating Sham; IVF; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fertilization In Vitro  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of luteal-phase acupuncture on the outcome of IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled clinical study. SETTING: University IVF center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty-five infertile patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. INTERVENTION(S): In group I, 116 patients received luteal-phase acupuncture according to the principles of traditional Chinese medicine. In group II, 109 patients received placebo acupuncture. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates. RESULT(S): In group I, the clinical pregnancy rate and ongoing pregnancy rate (33.6% and 28.4%, respectively) were significantly higher than in group II (15.6% and 13.8%). CONCLUSION(S): Luteal-phase acupuncture has a positive effect on the outcome of IVF/ICSI  
  Address Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Witten/Herdecke, Dortmund, Germany  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up 36 Weeks Frequency N/A Number of Participants 225  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Fertilization In Vitro
  Disease Category Reproductive Techniques, Assisted OCSI Score 70  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 247  
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Author (up) Dornelles, M. url  openurl
  Title Treatment of Low Back Pain with specific Acupoint. A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Medical acupuncture Abbreviated Journal Med Acupunct Web J  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Back Pain; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Low Back Pain; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Low Back Pain, Chronic  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 258  
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Author (up) Emmons, S. L.; Otto, L. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for overactive bladder: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication Obstetrics and gynecology Abbreviated Journal Obstet Gynecol  
  Volume 106 Issue 1 Pages 138-143  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; TCM Acupuncture Style; Urinary Bladder, Overactive; Urologic Diseases; Women's Health; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Urgency; Urinary Frequency  
  Abstract Objective: To compare acupuncture treatment for overactive bladder with urge incontinence with a placebo acupuncture treatment. Methods: Eighty-five women enrolled in this randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Women were randomly assigned to either receive an acupuncture treatment expected to improve their bladder symptoms, or a placebo acupuncture treatment designed to promote relaxation. They underwent cystometric testing, completed a 3-day voiding diary, and completed the urinary distress inventory and incontinence impact questionnaire, validated quality-of-life inventories, before and after 4 weekly acupuncture treatments. The primary endpoint was number of incontinent episodes over 3 days. Secondary endpoints included voiding frequency and urgency, cystometric bladder capacity, maximum voided volume, and the urinary distress inventory and incontinence impact questionnaire symptom scores. Results: Seventy-four women completed all aspects of the study. Women in both treatment and placebo groups had significant decreases in number of incontinent episodes (59% for treatment, 40% for placebo) without a significant difference in the change between the groups. Women in the treatment group had a 14% reduction in urinary frequency (P = .013), a 30% reduction in the proportion of voids associated with urgency (P = .016), and a 13% increase in both maximum voided volume and maximum cystometric capacity (P = .01). Both groups also had an improvement in the urinary distress inventory and incontinence impact questionnaire scores (54% decrease for treatment, 30% decrease for placebo, P < .001 for the difference in change between the groups). Conclusion: Women who received 4 weekly bladder-specific acupuncture treatments had significant improvements in bladder capacity, urgency, frequency, and quality-of-life scores as compared with women who received placebo acupuncture treatments. Level of Evidence: I  
  Address Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon; and Providence Continence Center, Providence St. Vincent Medical Center, Portland, Oregon  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 74  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Urinary Bladder, Overactive
  Disease Category Urologic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 289  
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Author (up) Engelhardt, P. F.; Daha, L. K.; Zils, T.; Simak, R.; Konig, K.; Pfluger, H. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the treatment of psychogenic erectile dysfunction: first results of a prospective randomized placebo-controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Int J Impot Res  
  Volume 15 Issue 5 Pages 343-346  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Erectile Dysfunction; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Impotence; Penetrating Sham; Genital Diseases, Male; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological;  
  Abstract In a prospective study, we investigated the potentially curative effect of acupuncture in patients with psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED). A total of 22 patients with pED were randomized into two groups. They were either treated with acupunture specific against ED (treatment group) or acupuncture specific against headache (placebo group). Nonresponders of the placebo group were crossed over to the treatment group. Prior to acupuncture, serum sexual hormone levels, IIEF score, nocturnal penile tumescence testing for three nights (Rigiscan) and the erectile response to 50 mg sildenafil were evaluated. Out of 21 patients, 20 completed the study, including 10 patients after crossover. A satisfactory response was achieved in 68.4% of the treatment group and in 9% of the placebo group (P=0.0017). Another 21.05% of the pateints had improved errections, that is, sufficient rigidity under simultaneous treatment with 50 gm sildenafil. The results of our pilot study indicate that acupuncture can be an effective treatment option in more than two-thirds of patients with psychogenic erectile dysfunction.International Journal of Impotence Research (2003) 15, 343-346. doi:10.1038/sj.ijir.3901021  
  Address 1Department of Urology and Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute of Andrology and Urology  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 11  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 22  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Erectile Dysfunction
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Male OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 294  
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