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Author Schroeder, S.; Burnis, J.; Denton, A.; Krasnow, A.; Raghu, T.S.; Mathis, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effectiveness of Acupuncture Therapy on Stress in a Large Urban College Population Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 165-170  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Stress, Psychological; Pilot; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; Auricular Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Non Specific Acupoint Control  
  Abstract This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial to study the effectiveness of acupuncture on the perception of stress in patients who study or work on a large, urban college campus. The hypothesis was that verum acupuncture would demonstrate a significant positive impact on perceived stress as compared to sham acupuncture. This study included 111 participants with high self-reported stress levels who either studied or worked at a large, urban public university in the southwestern United States. However, only 62 participants completed the study. The participants were randomized into a verum acupuncture or sham acupuncture group. Both the groups received treatment once a week for 12 weeks. The Cohen's global measure of perceived stress scale (PSS-14) was completed by each participant prior to treatment, at 6 weeks, at 12 weeks, and 6 weeks and 12 weeks post-treatment completion. While participants of both the groups showed a substantial initial decrease in perceived stress scores, at 12 weeks post treatment, the verum acupuncture group showed a significantly greater treatment effect than the sham acupuncture group. This study indicates that acupuncture may be successful in decreasing the perception of stress in students and staff at a large urban university, and this effect persists for at least 3 months after the completion of treatment.  
  Address Arizona State University, Health Services, Post-office Box 872104, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 111  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Stress, Psychological
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28712475 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2415  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kumar, R.; Mooventhan, A.; Manjunath, N.K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Immediate Effect of Needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) Acupuncture Point on Blood Glucose Level in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Pilot Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 10 Issue 4 Pages 240-244  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases; Pilot; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a major global health problem. Needling at CV-12 has reduced blood glucose level in diabetic rats. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) on blood glucose level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty T2DM patients were recruited and randomized into either the acupuncture group or placebo control group. The participants in the acupuncture group were needled at CV-12 (4 cun above the center of the umbilicus), and those in the placebo control group were needled at a placebo point on the right side of the abdomen (1 cun beside the CV-12). For both groups, the needle was retained for 30 minutes. Assessments were performed prior to and after the intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 16. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in random blood glucose level in the acupuncture group compared to baseline. No such significant change was observed in the placebo control group. CONCLUSION: The result of this study suggests that 30 minutes of needling at CV-12 might be useful in reducing blood glucose level in patients with T2DM.  
  Address Department of Yoga and Naturopathy, S-VYASA University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  Disease Category Diabetes Mellitus OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28889840 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2410  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Armour, M.; Dahlen, H.G.; Zhu, X.; Farquhar, C.; Smith, C.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The role of treatment timing and mode of stimulation in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea with acupuncture: An exploratory randomised controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 12 Issue 7 Pages 1-20  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Menstruation Disturbances; Dysmenorrhea; Women's Health; Gynecology; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Moxibustion; Indirect Moxibustion; Moxa; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of changing treatment timing and the use of manual, electro acupuncture on the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was performed with four arms, low frequency manual acupuncture (LF-MA), high frequency manual acupuncture (HF-MA), low frequency electro acupuncture (LF-EA) and high frequency electro acupuncture (HF-EA). A manualised trial protocol was used to allow differentiation and individualized treatment over three months. A total of 74 women were randomly assigned to one of the four groups (LF-MA n = 19, HF-MA n = 18, LF-EA n = 18, HF-EA n = 19). Twelve treatments were performed over three menstrual cycles, either once per week (LF groups) or three times in the week prior to menses (HF groups). All groups received a treatment in the first 48 hours of menses. The primary outcome was the reduction in peak menstrual pain at 12 months from trial entry. RESULTS: During the treatment period and nine month follow-up all groups showed statistically significant (p < .001) reductions in peak and average menstrual pain compared to baseline but there were no differences between groups (p > 0.05). Health related quality of life increased significantly in six domains in groups having high frequency of treatment compared to two domains in low frequency groups. Manual acupuncture groups required less analgesic medication than electro-acupuncture groups (p = 0.02). HF-MA was most effective in reducing secondary menstrual symptoms compared to both-EA groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture treatment reduced menstrual pain intensity and duration after three months of treatment and this was sustained for up to one year after trial entry. The effect of changing mode of stimulation or frequency of treatment on menstrual pain was not significant. This may be due to a lack of power. The role of acupuncture stimulation on menstrual pain needs to be investigated in appropriately powered randomised controlled trials.  
  Address The National Institute of Complementary Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 74  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Dysmenorrhea
  Disease Category Menstruation Disturbances OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2416  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Swanson, B.; Keithley, J.K.; Johnson, A.; Fogg, L.; Adeyemi, O.; Sha, B.E.; Snell, K.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture to Reduce HIV-Associated Inflammation Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Abbreviated Journal Evid Based Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 2015 Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; HIV Infections; Human Immunodeficiency Virus; HIV; Inflammation; Pilot; Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham; Mechanical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Background. HIV infection is associated with systemic inflammation that can increase risk for cardiovascular events. Acupuncture has been shown to have immunomodulatory effects and to improve symptoms in persons with inflammatory conditions. Objective. To test the anti-inflammatory effects of an acupuncture protocol that targets the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAIP), a neural mechanism whose activation has been shown to reduce the release of pro inflammatory cytokines, in persons with HIV-associated inflammation. Design, Setting, Participants, and Interventions. Double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted in an outpatient clinic located in a medically underserved urban neighborhood. Twenty-five clinically-stable HIV-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy were randomized to receive once weekly CAIP-based acupuncture or sham acupuncture. Main Outcome Measures. Outcomes included plasma concentrations of high sensitivity C-reactive protein and D-dimer and fasting lipids. Results. Twenty-five participants completed the protocol (treatment group n = 12, control group n = 13). No adverse events related to the acupuncture protocol were observed. Compared to baseline values, the two groups did not significantly differ in any outcome measures at the end of the acupuncture protocol. Conclusions. CAIP-based acupuncture did not favorably modulate inflammatory or lipid parameters. Additional studies are warranted of CAIP-based protocols of different frequencies/durations.  
  Address Rush University College of Nursing, 600 South Paulina, Suite 1080, Chicago, IL 60612, USA  
  Publisher Hindawi Limited
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 8 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 27  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  Disease Category HIV Infections OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2325  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Tong Lin; Lan Gong; Xiaoxu Liu; Xiaopeng Ma url  doi
openurl 
  Title Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for Monitoring the Lower Tear Meniscus in Dry Eye after Acupuncture Treatment Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Abbreviated Journal Evid Based Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 2015 Issue Pages 1-10  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Eye Diseases; Dry Eye Syndromes; Lipid Tear Deficiency; Sjogren Syndrome; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control; Pharmaceutical  
  Abstract Dry eye is highly prevalent and has a significant impact on quality of life. Acupuncture was found to be effective to treat dry eye. However, little was known about the effect of acupuncture on different subtypes of dry eye. The objective of this study was to investigate the applicability of tear meniscus assessment by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography in the evaluation of acupuncture treatment response in dry eye patients and to explore the effect of acupuncture on different subtypes of dry eye compared with artificial tear treatment. A total of 108 dry eye patients were randomized into acupuncture or artificial tear group. Each group was divided into three subgroups including lipid tear deficiency (LTD), Sj¨ogren syndrome dry eye (SSDE), and non-Sj¨ogren syndrome dry eye (Non-SSDE) for data analysis. After 4-week treatment, the low tear meniscus parameters including tear meniscus height (TMH), tear meniscus depth (TMD), and tear meniscus area (TMA) in the acupuncture group increased significantly for the LTD and Non-SSDE subgroups compared with both the baseline and the control groups (all P values < 0.05), but not for the SSDE. Acupuncture provided a measurable improvement of the tear meniscus dimensions for the Non-SSDE and LTD patients, but not for the SSDE patients.  
  Address Department of Ophthalmology, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, No. 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai 200031, China  
  Publisher Hindawi Limited
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 6 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 108  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Dry Eye Syndromes
  Disease Category Eye Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2332  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aranha, M.F.M.; Müller, C.E.E.; Gavião, M.B.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Pain intensity and cervical range of motion in women with myofascial pain treated with acupuncture and electroacupuncture: a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy Abbreviated Journal Braz J Phys Ther  
  Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 34-43  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Pain; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Musculoskeletal Diseases; RCT; Acu Versus Sham; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Ashi Acupuncture Style; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom-Based Point Selection; Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Neck Pain; Cervical Pain  
  Abstract Background: Acupuncture stimulates points on the body, influencing the perception of myofascial pain or altering physiologic functions. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture (EAC) and acupuncture (AC) for myofascial pain of the upper trapezius and cervical range of motion, using SHAM acupuncture as control. Method: Sixty women presenting at least one trigger point at the upper trapezius and local or referred pain for more than six months were randomized into EAC, AC, and SHAM groups. Eight sessions were scheduled and a follow-up was conducted after 28 days. The Visual Analog Scale assessed the intensity of local and general pain. A fleximeter assessed cervical movements. Data were analyzed using paired t or Wilcoxon's tests, ANOVA or Friedman or Kruskal-Wallis tests and Pearson's correlation (?=0.05). Results: There was reduction in general pain in the EAC and AC groups after eight sessions (P<0.001). A significant decrease in pain intensity occurred for the right trapezius in all groups and for the left trapezius in the EAC and AC groups. Intergroup comparisons showed improvement in general pain in the EAC and AC groups and in local pain intensity in the EAC group (P<0.05), which showed an increase in left rotation (P=0.049). The AC group showed increases in inclination (P=0.005) sustained until follow-up and rotation to the right (P=0.032). Conclusion: EAC and AC were effective in reducing the pain intensity compared with SHAM. EAC was better than AC for local pain relief. These treatments can assist in increasing cervical range of motion, albeit subtly.  
  Address Departamento de Morfologia, Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (FOP), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, SP, Brazil  
  Publisher Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy / Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 72  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2337  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Albrecht, T.; Wu, S.; Baumann, I.; Plinkert, P.K.; Sertel, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Measurable impact of acupuncture on mucosal swelling of inferior turbinates: a prospective, randomized, controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Acta Oto-Laryngologica Abbreviated Journal Acta Otolaryngol  
  Volume 135 Issue 2 Pages 169-176  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial; Allergies; Pilot Study; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Conclusions: Sham acupuncture turned out to be more effective than expected. The effect of acupuncture cannot be assessed by optical rhinometry (ORM). Objectives: In most cases nasal congestion is caused by hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate as a result of allergic and chronic rhinitis. Topical decongestants cause severe side effects. As a consequence, there is an increasing demand for alternative treatment options such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods: A total of 25 patients with nasal congestion due to hypertrophic inferior turbinate were recruited. The mucosal swelling status of the inferior turbinate was assessed by continuous ORM for 20 min. Patients were asked to score the severity of their nasal congestion on a visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 10 and 20 min after acupuncture. Specific verum acupuncture points related to nasal congestion were tested against non-specific control sham acupuncture points. Results: Sham acupuncture improved VAS scores, whereas ORM measured an increase in nasal swelling. The ORM revealed a quicker onset of the effect of verum acupuncture on the nasal blood flow. Also, verum acupuncture reaches its maximum effect in a shorter time period, so that the net reaction time was much shorter. However, ORM could not prove a decongestant effect of verum acupuncture on inferior turbinate.  
  Address Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany  
  Publisher Taylor & Francis Ltd
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 25  
  Time in Treatment Condition Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2336  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ozgoli, G.; Sedigh Mobarakabadi, S.; Heshmat, R.; Alavi Majd, H.; Sheikhan, Z. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of LI4 and BL32 acupressure on labor pain and delivery outcome in the first stage of labor in primiparous women: A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2016 Publication Complementary Therapies in Medicine Abbreviated Journal Complement Ther Med  
  Volume 29 Issue Pages 175-180  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupressure; TCM Acupuncture Style; Labor, Obstetric; Analgesia; Women's Health; Labor Pain; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examines and compares the effect of LI4 and BL32 acupressure with each other and control group on labor pain and delivery outcomes. DESIGN: In this randomized controlled trial, 105 primiparous women in active phase of first-stage of labor were equally assigned to two experimental groups [acupressure on LI4 (n=35) or BL32 (n=35)] and a control group (n=35). INTERVENTIONS: The experimental groups received routine labor care and acupressure in LI4 or BL32 points in three cervical dilatations (4-5, 6-7, and 8-10cm). The control group only received routine labor care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain was assessed by numerical rating scale in three cervical dilatations, before and after intervention. Type of delivery (cesarean, vaginal or operative delivery) and neonatal Apgar score were considered as delivery outcomes, these data collected by a check list. Data were analyzed using Repeated Measurement, ANOVA, Chi-Square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney tests. RESULTS: Pain reduction was significantly greater in LI4 and BL32 groups compared with control in all periods of study. Also, acupressure on BL32 point was superior to LI4 point in pain relief in the first and second but not third intervention. No statistically significant difference was observed in terms of delivery outcomes. CONCLUSION: Acupressure on BL32 and LI4 points are effective in reducing labor pain compared to control group with a slight superiority for BL32 points. Acupressure on these points could apply for relief pain in labor as an inexpensive and easy to administered method.  
  Address Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: zsheikhan@gmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 105  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Analgesia
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27912944 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2198  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Mohanty, S.; Mooventhan, A.; Manjunath, N.K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of Needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) on Blood Glucose Levels in Healthy Volunteers: A Pilot Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 9 Issue 6 Pages 307-310  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Healthy Subjects; Blood Glucose; Acupuncture; Acu Versus Sham; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION: Acupuncture, a key part of traditional Chinese medicine, is used to relieve symptoms of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of needling CV-12 (Zhongwan) on blood glucose levels in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six individuals were recruited and randomized into either the acupuncture group or the placebo control group. The participants in the acupuncture group were needled at CV-12 (4 cun above the center of the umbilicus), and those in the placebo control group were needled at a nonexisting “sham” point on the right side of the abdomen (1 cun beside the CV-12)-a nonacupuncture point. For both groups, the needle was retained for 20 minutes without stimulation. Assessments were performed prior to and after the intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 16. RESULTS: The result of this study showed a mild reduction in random blood glucose (RBG) levels in the acupuncture group and a mild increase in RBG levels in the placebo control group. However, these changes were not statistically significant both within and between groups. CONCLUSION: The result of this study suggests that although 20 minutes of needling at CV-12 without stimulation produced a mild reduction in RBG levels in healthy volunteers, it did not produce a statistically significant result.  
  Address Department of Research and Development, S-VYASA University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 36  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28010832 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2208  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aroxa, F.H. de A.; Gondim, I.T.G. de O.; Santos, E.L.W.; Coriolano, M. das G.W. de S.; Asano, A.G.C.; Asano, N.M.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture as Adjuvant Therapy for Sleep Disorders in Parkinson's Disease Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 33-38  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Sleep Disorders; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders; Insomnia; Acu Versus Usual Care; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Parkinson's Disease; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract There are few studies which attest the efficacy of acupuncture on treatment of sleep disturbs in Parkinson disease. The aimed of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on sleep disturbs of 22 patients with diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson disease (Hoehn-Yahr 1 to 3) who have assistance on the Pro-Parkinson Program of Clinical Hospital at Federal University of Pernambuco in Brazil. All participants were evaluated by Parkinson Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS) before and after 8 weeks. The experimental group was submitted to 8 sections (once a week) which had duration of 30 minutes. The control group had no intervention. The intervention was executed using the acupuncture points LR3 (Taichong), SP6 (Sanyinjiao), LI4 (Hegu), TE5 (Wai-Guan), HT7 (Shenmen), PC6 (Neiguan), LI11 (Quchi), GB20 (Fengchi). Paired analyses were obtained by Wilcoxon test and independent analyses were made according to Mann-Whitney test. This study presented a potential therapeutic benefit of acupuncture on sleep disturbs of Parkinson's disease patients. This study showed a possible therapeutic benefit through acupuncture in sleep disorders in patients with PD. However, we propose new studies related to the effects of acupuncture on the clinical symptoms and evolution of the disease.  
  Address Clinical Medicine Department of Federal University Pernambuco – Recife (PE), Brazil. Electronic address: nadjaasano@gmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 22  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
  Disease Category Sleep Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28254099 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2206  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Liu, Z.; Yan, S.; Wu, J.; He, L.; Li, N.; Dong, G.; Fang, J.; Fu, W.; Fu, L.; Sun, J.; Wang, L.; Wang, S.; Yang, J.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, J.; Zhou, W.; Zhou, Z.; Ai, Y.; Zhou, K.; Liu, J.; Xu, H.; Cai, Y.; Liu, B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for Chronic Severe Functional Constipation: A Randomized Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2016 Publication Annals of Internal Medicine Abbreviated Journal Ann Intern Med  
  Volume 165 Issue 11 Pages 761-769  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Gastrointestinal Diseases; Constipation; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acu Versus Sham; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Background: Acupuncture has been used for chronic constipation, but evidence for its effectiveness remains scarce. Objective: To determine the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) for chronic severe functional constipation (CSFC). Design: Randomized, parallel, sham-controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01726504). Setting: 15 hospitals in China. Participants: Patients with CSFC and no serious underlying pathologic cause for constipation. Intervention: 28 sessions of EA at traditional acupoints or sham EA (SA) at nonacupoints over 8 weeks. Measurements: The primary outcome was the change from baseline in mean weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) during weeks 1 to 8. Participants were followed until week 20. Results: 1075 patients (536 and 539 in the EA and SA groups, respectively) were enrolled. The increase from baseline in mean weekly CSBMs during weeks 1 to 8 was 1.76 (95% CI, 1.61 to 1.89) in the EA group and 0.87 (CI, 0.73 to 0.97) in the SA group (between-group difference, 0.90 [CI, 0.74 to 1.10]; P < 0.001). The change from baseline in mean weekly CSBMs during weeks 9 to 20 was 1.96 (CI, 1.78 to 2.11) in the EA group and 0.89 (CI, 0.69 to 0.95) in the SA group (between-group difference, 1.09 [CI, 0.94 to 1.31]; P < 0.001). The proportion of patients having 3 or more mean weekly CSBMs in the EA group was 31.3% and 37.7% over the treatment and follow-up periods, respectively, compared with 12.1% and 14.1% in the SA group (P < 0.001). Acupuncture-related adverse events during treatment were infrequent in both groups, and all were mild or transient. Limitations: Longer-term follow-up was not assessed. Acupuncturists could not be blinded. Conclusion: Eight weeks of EA increases CSBMs and is safe for the treatment of CSFC. Additional study is warranted to evaluate a longer-term treatment and follow-up. Primary Funding Source: Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China through the Twelfth Five-Year National Science and Technology Pillar Program.  
  Address From Guang'anmen Hospital, Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Capital Medical University, Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Huguosi Hospital of Chinese Medicine of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing; West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan; Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai; The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang; Guangdong Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong; The First Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin; Jiangsu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu; Heilongjiang Province Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Ha'erbin, Heilongjiang; The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei, Anhui; Wuhan Integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medical Hospital, Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei, China; and Daemen College, Physical Therapy Wound Care Clinic, Amherst, New York  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 1075  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Constipation
  Disease Category Gastrointestinal Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27618593 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2182  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kim, B.H.; Kim, K.; Nam, H.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study on the effects of systemic manual acupuncture, periauricular electroacupuncture, and digital electroacupuncture to treat tinnitus: A randomized, paralleled, open-labeled exploratory trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 85  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Ear Diseases; Tinnitus; Hearing Disorders; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Auricular Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; CAM Control; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Many previous studies of electroacupuncture used combined therapy of electroacupuncture and systemic manual acupuncture, so it was uncertain which treatment was effective. This study evaluated and compared the effects of systemic manual acupuncture, periauricular electroacupuncture and distal electroacupuncture for treating patients with tinnitus. METHODS: A randomized, parallel, open-labeled exploratory trial was conducted. Subjects aged 20-75 years who had suffered from idiopathic tinnitus for > 2 weeks were recruited from May 2013 to April 2014. The subjects were divided into three groups by systemic manual acupuncture group (MA), periauricular electroacupuncture group (PE), and distal electroacupuncture group (DE). The groups were selected by random drawing. Nine acupoints (TE 17, TE21, SI19, GB2, GB8, ST36, ST37, TE3 and TE9), two periauricular acupoints (TE17 and TE21), and four distal acupoints (TE3, TE9, ST36, and ST37) were selected. The treatment sessions were performed twice weekly for a total of eight sessions over 4 weeks. Outcomes were the tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) score and the loud and uncomfortable visual analogue scales (VAS). Demographic and clinical characteristics of all participants were compared between the groups upon admission using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). One-way ANOVA was used to evaluate the THI, VAS loud, and VAS uncomfortable scores. The least significant difference test was used as a post-hoc test. RESULTS: Thirty-nine subjects were eligible and their data were analyzed. No difference in THI and VAS loudness scores was observed in between groups. The VAS uncomfortable scores decreased significantly in MA and DE compared with those in PE. Within the group, all three treatments showed some effect on THI, VAS loudness scores and VAS uncomfortable scores after treatment except DE in THI. CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant difference between systemic manual acupuncture, periauricular electroacupuncture and distal electroacupuncture in tinnitus. However, all three treatments had some effect on tinnitus within the group before and after treatment. Systemic manual acupuncture and distal electroacupuncture have some effect on VAS uncomfortable. TRIAL REGISTRATION: KCT0001991 by CRIS (Clinical Research Information Service), 2016-8-1, retrospectively registered.  
  Address Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 26, Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 130-701, Republic of Korea. ophthrl@khu.ac.kr  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 42  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Tinnitus
  Disease Category Ear Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28143471; PMCID:PMC5282839 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2189  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Landgren, K.; Hallstrom, I. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of minimal acupuncture for infantile colic: a multicentre, three-armed, single-blind, randomised controlled trial (ACU-COL) Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 35 Issue Pages 171-179  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Pain; Colic; Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Manualized Acupuncture Protocol; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom-Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Unspecified; Infantile Colic; Pediatrics  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Evidence for treating infantile colic with acupuncture is contradictory. AIM: To evaluate and compare the effect of two types of acupuncture versus no acupuncture in infants with colic in public child health centres (CHCs). METHODS: A multicentre, randomised controlled, single-blind, three-armed trial (ACU-COL) comparing two styles of acupuncture with no acupuncture, as an adjunct to standard care, was conducted. Among 426 infants whose parents sought help for colic and registered their child's fussing/crying in a diary, 157 fulfilled the criteria for colic and 147 started the intervention. All infants received usual care plus four extra visits to CHCs with advice/support (twice a week for 2 weeks), comprising gold standard care. The infants were randomly allocated to three groups: (A) standardised minimal acupuncture at LI4; (B) semi-standardised individual acupuncture inspired by Traditional Chinese Medicine; and (C) no acupuncture. The CHC nurses and parents were blinded. Acupuncture was given by nurses with extensive experience of acupuncture. RESULTS: The effect of the two types of acupuncture was similar and both were superior to gold standard care alone. Relative to baseline, there was a greater relative reduction in time spent crying and colicky crying by the second intervention week (p=0.050) and follow-up period (p=0.031), respectively, in infants receiving either type of acupuncture. More infants receiving acupuncture cried <3 hours/day, and thereby no longer fulfilled criteria for colic, in the first (p=0.040) and second (p=0.006) intervention weeks. No serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture appears to reduce crying in infants with colic safely. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01761331; Results.  
  Address Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, Lund SE-22100, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up 3 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 157  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Colic
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28093383 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2174  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author MacPherson, H.; Tilbrook, H.; Agbedjro, D.; Buckley, H.; Hewitt, C.; Frost, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for irritable bowel syndrome: 2-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 35 Issue 1 Pages 17-23  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Gastrointestinal Diseases; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; IBS; Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Manualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Point Selection; Usual Care Control, Unspecified  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: A recent randomised controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture as a treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) demonstrated sustained benefits over a period of 12 months post-randomisation. AIM: To extend the trial follow-up to evaluate the effects of acupuncture at 24 months post-randomisation. METHODS: Patients in primary care with ongoing IBS were recruited to a two-arm pragmatic RCT of acupuncture for IBS. Participants were randomised to the offer of up to 10 weekly sessions of acupuncture plus usual care (n=116 patients) or to continue with usual care alone (n=117). The primary outcome was the self-reported IBS symptom severity score (IBS SSS) measured at 24 months post-randomisation. Analysis was by intention-to-treat using an unstructured multivariate linear model incorporating all repeated measures. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 61%. The adjusted difference in mean IBS SSS at 24 months was -18.28 (95% CI -40.95 to 4.40) in favour of the acupuncture arm. Differences at earlier time points estimated from the multivariate model were: -27.27 (-47.69 to -6.86) at 3 months; -23.69 (-45.17 to -2.21) at 6 months; -24.09 (-45.59 to -2.59) at 9 months; and -23.06 (-44.52 to -1.59) at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: There were no statistically significant differences between the acupuncture and usual care groups in IBS SSS at 24 months post-randomisation, and the point estimate for the mean difference was approximately 80% of the size of the statistically significant results seen at 6, 9 and 12 months. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN08827905.  
  Address Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 233  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  Disease Category Gastrointestinal Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:26980547 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2172  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ugurlu, F.G.; Sezer, N.; Aktekin, L.; Fidan, F.; Tok, F.; Akkus, S. url  openurl
  Title The effects of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled clinical trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa Abbreviated Journal Acta Reumatol Port  
  Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 32-37  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Acupuncture; Nervous System Diseases; Fibromyalgia; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Acu Versus Sham; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this manuscript is to determine and to compare the efficacy of real acupuncture with sham acupuncture on fibromyalgia (FM) treatment. METHODS: 50 women with FM were randomized into 2 groups to receive either true acupuncture or sham acupuncture. Subjects were evaluated with VAS (at night, at rest, during activity), SF-36, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Beck Depression scale (BDI), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) at baseline, 1 month and 2 months after the 1st session. Patients in both groups received 3 sessions in the 1st week, 2 sessions/week during 2 weeks and 1 session/week in the following 5 weeks (totally 12 sessions). RESULTS: 25 subjects with a mean age of 47,28+/-7,86 years were enrolled in true acupuncture group and 25 subjects with a mean age of 43,60+/-8,18 years were enrolled in sham acupuncture group. Both groups improved significantly in all parameters 1 month after the 1st session and this improvement persisted 2 months after the 1st session (p<0,05). However, real acupuncture group had better scores than sham acupuncture score in terms of all VAS scores, BDI and FIQ scores either 1 or 2 months after the 1st session (all p<0,05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture significantly improved pain and symptoms of FM. Although sham effect was important, real acupuncture treatment seems to be effective in treatment of FM.  
  Address Yildirim Beyazit University Medical School  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 50  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28371571 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2169  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Li, H.L.; Sun, Y.Z. openurl 
  Title Clinical Research on the Effect of Scalp Penetration Acupuncture Treating Exercise-Induced Fatigue Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Clinical Acupuncture Abbreviated Journal Int J Clin Acupunct  
  Volume 20 Issue 2 Pages 79-82  
  Keywords RCT; Healthy Subjects; Athletic Performance; Sports Medicine; Athletes; Exercise; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Scalp Acupuncture; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; No Treatment Control  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the effects on exercise-induced fatigue with scalp penetration acupuncture. Methods: 60 athletes who train in 800-meter running were divided into 3 random groups. The Treatment Group was treated with head acupuncture and body acupuncture, while the Control Group was treated with body acupuncture. The Model Group received no treatment. The use of preventive acupuncture was applied 1 hour before training. The athletes' heart rate was recorded along with the hydracrylic acid, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase, and cruarin at the first and last day of training. Results: Compared with the Model Group, the Treatment Group had a rise in Hb levels and a decrease in heart rate (P< 0.05), along with a markedly decrease in LA, BUN and CK (P<0.01). Compared with the Control Group, treatment can increase Hb and decrease heart rate (P< 0.05), and decrease LA, BUN and CK (P< 0.05). Comparison among the 3 groups (P> 0.05) had no significant difference. Conclusion: Scalp penetration acupuncture can improve athletes' internal environment and increase the ability of contra-fatigue.  
  Address Second Hospital Affiliated to Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Harbin, China, 150001  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 1.5 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 1.5 Weeks Condition Athletic Performance
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2048  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Shi, G.-xia; Liu, C.-zhi; Guan, W.; Wang, Z.-kui; Wang, L.; Xiao, C.; Li, Z.-guang; Li, Q.-qian; Wang, L.-peng url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of acupuncture on Chinese medicine syndromes of vascular dementia Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine Abbreviated Journal Chin J Integr Med  
  Volume 20 Issue 9 Pages 661-666  
  Keywords Dementia, Vascular; Vascular Dementia; Mental Disorders; Mild Cognitive Impairment; RCT; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Educational  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of acupuncture on Chinese medicine syndromes of vascular dementia (VaD). METHODS: Sixty-three VaD patients were divided into three groups. Those willing to be randomized were randomly assigned to receive either acupuncture (random acupuncture group, 24 cases) or rehabilitation training (guided rehabilitation group, 24 cases) for 6 weeks. Those unwilling to be randomized also received acupuncture for 6 weeks (non-random acupuncture group, 19 cases). Patient syndromes and their severity were evaluated before treatment (baseline), at the end of treatment, and at 4-week follow-up after the completion of treatment using a CM scoring system (scale of differentiation of syndromes of vascular dementia, SDSVD). The SDSVD scores of the random and non-random acupuncture groups, and of all patients who received acupuncture (combined acupuncture group, 43 cases), were compared with those in the guided rehabilitation group. RESULTS: In the random, non-random, and combined acupuncture groups, SDSVD scores were significantly reduced at the end of treatment and at follow-up than at baseline. In the guided rehabilitation group, SDSVD scores were similar to baseline scores at the end of treatment and at follow-up. However, there were no significant differences in SDSVD scores among the three groups or between the combined acupuncture group and the guided rehabilitation group at any time points. In the non-random and combined acupuncture groups, SDSVD scores were significantly reduced at the end of treatment than at baseline in patients with hyperactivity of Liver (Gan)-yang or phlegm obstruction of the orifices. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture reduced the severity of VaD. The improvement was the greatest in patients undergoing their treatment of choice. Treatments in this study were more effective for excess syndromes, such as Liver-yang hyperactivity or phlegm obstruction of the orifices than deficiency syndromes, such as Kidney (Shen)-essence deficiency.  
  Address Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100010, China  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 21  
  Treatment Follow-up 10 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 63  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:24155069 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2045  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Liu, X.; Li, S.; Wang, B.; An, L.; Ren, X.; Wu, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Intraoperative and postoperative anaesthetic and analgesic effect of multipoint transcutaneous electrical acupuncture stimulation combined with sufentanil anaesthesia in patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 33 Issue 4 Pages 270-276  
  Keywords Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain, Intraoperative; Pain, Perioperative; RCT; Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation; TENS; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the anaesthetic and analgesic effect of multipoint transcutaneous electrical acupuncture stimulation (TEAS) during supratentorial tumour resection for postoperative recovery and side effects. METHODS: In a blinded clinical trial, 92 patients scheduled for supratentorial craniotomy under general anaesthesia were randomly allocated into either a multipoint TEAS (n=46) or a sham TEAS group (n=46). All patients received total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and sufentanil. The target concentration of sufentanil was adjusted and recorded according to mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and bispectral index (BIS). Patients in the TEAS group received TEAS 30 min before anaesthesia induction and this was maintained throughout the operation at four pairs of acupuncture points. Postoperative pain, recovery and side effects were evaluated. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients completed the study. Continuous monitoring of MAP, HR and BIS showed stable values with no significant differences between the two groups (p>0.05). Sufentanil target plasma concentration in TEAS patients was significantly lower at some time points during supratentorial craniotomy, and total sufentanil consumption was significantly higher in the sham group (p<0.05). Postoperative recovery and pain were significantly improved by TEAS (p<0.001), without the postoperative side effects. CONCLUSIONS: Multipoint TEAS at both proximal and distal points combined with TIVA can significantly decrease intraoperative sufentanil requirements, increase pain relief on postoperative day 1 and improve postoperative recovery of patients during supratentorial tumour resection, with no significant increase of side effects. These findings suggest that multipoint TEAS may be clinically effective as an adjunct to analgesia in intraoperative anaesthesia and postoperative pain treatment and may speed recovery. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number ChiCTR-TRC-10001078).  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing, Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 92  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Pain, Intraoperative
  Disease Category Anesthesia and Analgesia OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:25926298 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2038  
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Author Grillo, C.M.; Canales, G.D. la T.; Wada, R.S.; Alves, M.C.; Barbosa, C.M.R.; Berzin, F.; de Sousa, M. da L.R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Could Acupuncture Be Useful in the Treatment of Temporomandibular Dysfunction? Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 8 Issue 4 Pages 192-199  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Stomatognathic Diseases; Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome; Musculoskeletal Diseases; TMD; TMJ; Facial Pain; Orofacial Pain; Masticatory Muscles; Yang Liver Ascension; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acu Versus Usual Care; Occlusal Plane Appliance; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Physical  
  Abstract In this study, the effects of acupuncture in comparison with flat occlusal plane appliance were evaluated in patient with myogenic temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). The sample consisted of 40 women with TMD and unbalanced energy predominance of Yang Liver Ascension, selected using the Renying and Cunkou pulses, randomly divided into two groups: acupuncture and splint. The effect of treatments on the masseter and anterior temporal muscles was evaluated after 4 weeks of treatment, by means of electromyographic activity (root mean square) and pain pressure threshold. Pain intensity was measured using the visual analog scale, and range of mouth opening was evaluated using a millimeter ruler. All evaluations were performed at the beginning and end of the treatment. Visual analog scale score was reduced equally in the two groups (p < 0001), and the increase in range of mouth opening was significant in both groups. A significant difference was detected only in pain pressure threshold of the left masseter in the acupuncture group (p < 0.05). Only root mean square in the at rest position of the right temporal muscle diminished in the final stage of the splint group (p < 0.05). Both treatments reduced the pain intensity of myogenic TMD in the short term and may be considered strategies for control of chronic pain related to TMD.  
  Address Department Community Dentistry, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
  Disease Category Stomatognathic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:26276455 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2027  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fan, Y.; Wu, Y. url  openurl
  Title Effect of electroacupuncture on muscle state and infrared thermogram changes in patients with acute lumbar muscle sprain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i tsa Chih Ying wen pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 35 Issue 5 Pages 499-506  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Back Pain; Low Back Pain, Acute; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Electroacupuncture; Acu Versus Usual Care; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Infrared Thermogram; Force-Displacement Value; FDV; Acute Lumbar Sprain; Acute Lumbar Muscle Strain; Ashi Acupuncture Style; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on force-displacement value (FDV) of muscle state and the temperature index of infrared thermogram in patients with acute lumbar muscle sprain. METHODS: Patients with acute lumbar muscle sprain were randomly divided into a medication group and an EA group. The medication group (n = 60) were treated with diclofenac sodium dual release enteric-coated capsules, 75 mg per day for 7 days. The EA group (n = 60) received EA at bilateral Houxi (SI 3), Jiaji (EX-B2), and Ashi points, at 20-30 mm depth and 10-25 Hz frequency for 20 min daily for 7 days. Muscle states were determined by measuring FDVs of the bilateral lumbar muscle with a Myotonometer fast muscle state detector. The temperature index of the lumbar skin was measured before and after treatment with a Fluke Ti30 non-refrigerated focal plane infrared thermal imaging detector. RESULTS: There were no significant pre-treatment differences between the medication group and the EA group in mean FDV (P = 0.052) or temperature index of the lumbar skin (P = 0.25). The cure rate was 63.3% in the EA group and 53.3% in the medication group. The total efficacy in the EA group (93.3 %) was not significantly different from that in the medication group (86.6 %, P = 0.204). After treatment, the mean FDV of the lumbar muscle significantly increased in both groups (P < 0.05 for both groups); the FDV increase in the EA group was significantly higher than in the medication group (P = 0.015). The temperature index was also significantly increased in both groups (P < 0.05 for both groups); the infrared thermogram in the EA group indicated significantly greater recovery compared to the medication group (P = 0.026). CONCLUSION: Both EA and diclofenac sodium markedly improved acute lumbar sprain, but EA better improved the rehabilitation and regeneration of FDVs and temperature index of infrared thermogram of the muscle.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 7  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 120  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Low Back Pain, Acute
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:26591678 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2011  
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