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Author (up) Smith, C. A.; Ussher, J. M.; Perz, J.; Carmady, B.; de Lacey, S. url  openurl
  Title The effect of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility: a pilot randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 17 Issue 10 Pages 923-930  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Pilot Study; Infertility, Female; Genital Diseases, Female; Acu Versus Wait List; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; 5-Phase Acupuncture Style; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Wait-List Control; Assisted Reproductive Techniques; Depression; Anxiety  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to examine the effectiveness of acupuncture for reducing infertility-related stress. DESIGN: The study design was a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture compared with a wait-list control. SETTING: The study was conducted at The University of Western Sydney. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two (32) women aged 20-45 years, with a diagnosis of infertility, or a history of unsuccessfully trying to conceive for 12 months or more, were the subjects of the study. INTERVENTIONS: Women received six sessions of acupuncture over 8 weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes were infertility self-efficacy, anxiety, and infertility-related stress. The women's experience of infertility and acupuncture is also reported. RESULTS: At the end of the 8-week intervention, women in the acupuncture group reported significant changes on two domains on the Fertility Problem Inventory with less social concern (mean difference [MD] -3.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] -7.58 to 0.84, p=0.05), and less relationship concern (MD -3.66, 95% CI -6.80 to -0.052, p=0.02). There were also trends toward a reduction of infertility stress on other domains, and a trend toward improved self-efficacy (MD 11.9, 95% CI -2.20 to 26.0, p=0.09) and less anxiety (MD -2.54, 95% CI -5.95 to 0.86, p=0.08) in the acupuncture group compared with the wait-list control. Women described the experience and impact of acupuncture as positive relating to a sense of relaxation and time out, the engagement with the practitioner, and an intervention that had very few negative side-effects. Changes were also perceived after treatment with women describing a physical and psychologic sense of relaxation and calmness, and a changed perspective in relation to coping. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture may be a useful intervention to assist with the reduction of infertility-related stress. Further research is justified.  
  Address Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, The University of Western Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Caroline.smith@uws.edu.au  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 32  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Infertility, Female
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Female OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1068  
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