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Author (up) Waite, N. R.; Clough, J. B. url  openurl
  Title A single-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a simple acupuncture treatment in the cessation of smoking Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Abbreviated Journal Br J Gen Pract  
  Volume 48 Issue 433 Pages 1487-1490  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupressure; Auricular Electroacupuncture; Ear Seeds; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Smoking Cessation; Tobacco Use Disorder; Substance-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major cause of preventable disease and premature death. Physicians should play an active role in the control of smoking by encouraging cessation and helping the smoker to choose the most suitable aid to cessation. AIM: To evaluate a simple, ear acupuncture treatment for the cessation of smoking. METHOD: Randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 78 currently smoking volunteers from the general public. Volunteers attended an acupuncture clinic in a general practice setting and were given a single treatment of electroacupuncture using two needles at either an active or a placebo site plus self-retained ear seeds for two weeks. The major outcome measure was biochemically validated total cessation of smoking at six months. RESULTS: A total of 12.5% of the active treatment group compared with 0% of the placebo group ceased smoking at six months (P = 0.055, 95% confidence interval -0.033 to 0.323). CONCLUSION: This simple ear electroacupuncture treatment was significantly more effective in helping volunteers to quit smoking than placebo treatment  
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency N/A Number of Participants 78  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Tobacco Use Disorder
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 77  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1225  
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