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Author (up) Washburn, A. M.; Fullilove, R. E.; Fullilove, M. T.; Keenan, P. A.; McGee, B.; Morris, K. A.; Sorensen, J. L.; Clark, W. W. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture heroin detoxification: a single-blind clinical trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 1993 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 10 Issue 4 Pages 345-351  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Detoxification; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Substance-Related Disorders; Heroin Dependence; Group Acupuncture Style; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract The increasing prevalence of HIV infection among injection drug users mandates the development of innovative treatments. While extensive clinical experience suggests that acupuncture detoxification is both safe and acceptable to those in withdrawal, little research has been conducted to assess its efficacy as a treatment modality. In this first controlled study of acupuncture heroin detoxification, 100 addicted persons were randomly assigned, in a single-blind design, to the standard auricular acupuncture treatment used for addiction or to a “sham” treatment that used points that were geographically close to the standard points. Attrition was high for both groups, but subjects assigned to the standard treatment attended the acupuncture clinic more days and stayed in treatment longer than those assigned to the sham condition. Additionally, attendance varied inversely with self-reports of frequency of drug use, suggesting that those with lighter habits found the treatment modality more helpful. Limitations of the study are discussed  
  Address University of California, San Francisco  
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 100  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Heroin Dependence
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1276  
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