||OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of combined acupuncture and herbs in the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammation. METHODS: Eighty-eight cases of chronic pelvic inflammation were randomized into two groups. Treatment group (45 cases) was treated by combined acupuncture and herbs, control goup (43 cases) was treated by Fu Ke Qian Jin Jiao Nang (Female Herbal Capsule). RESULTS: After 3 menstrual cycles of treatments, in treatment group, 28 cases were cured, 9 cases got marked effect, 4 cases got effect, 4 cases were failure, and the total effective rate was 91.1%; in control group, 7 cases were cured, 8 cases got marked effectiveness, 15 cases got effectiveness, 13 cases were failure, and the total effective rate was 69.8%. The total effective rate was higher in treatment group than in control group (P<0.05); in the six-month survey, the relapse rate was lower in the treatment group than in control group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Combined acupuncture and herbs is effective for chronic pelvic inflammation, with fewer relapses.