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Author (up) Cho, Y. J.; Song, Y. K.; Cha, Y. Y.; Shin, B. C.; Shin, I. H.; Park, H. J.; Lee, H. S.; Kim, K. W.; Cho, J. H.; Chung, W. S.; Lee, J. H.; Song, M. Y. url  doi
  Title Acupuncture for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Multicenter, Randomized, Patient-Assessor Blind, Sham-Controlled Clinical Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication Spine Abbreviated Journal Spine  
  Volume 38 Issue 7 Pages 549-557  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Pain; Back Pain; Low Back Pain; Low Back Pain, Chronic; Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Sham Acupoint Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract ABSTRACT: Study Design. Multicenter, Randomized, Patient-Assessor Blind, Sham-Controlled Clinical Trial.Objective. To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture treatment with individualized setting for reduction of bothersomeness in participants with chronic low back pain (cLBP).Summary of Background Data. Low back pain is one of the main reasons of disability among adults of working age. Acupuncture is known as an effective treatment for chronic low back pain, but it remains still unclear whether acupuncture is superior to placebo.Methods. One hundred thirty adults aged 18-65 with non-specific LBP of lasting for at least the last 3 months was participated in the three Korean medical hospitals in Korea. Participants got individualized real acupuncture treatments or sham acupuncture treatments over 6 weeks (twice a week) from Korean medicine doctors. Primary outcome was change of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score for bothersomeness of cLBP. Secondary outcomes included VAS for pain intensity and questionnaires including Oswestry disability index (ODI), General health status (SF-36), and Beck's depression inventory (BDI).Results. There were no baseline differences observed between two groups except ODI. One hundred sixteen participants finished the treatments and 3-, 6-month follow ups with fourteen subjects' drop-out. Significant difference of VAS for bothersomeness and pain intensity of cLBP have been found between two groups (p<0.05) at the primary end point (8 week). In addition, those two scores have been improved continuously until 3-month follow up (p = 0.011, p = 0.005, respectively). ODI, BDI and SF-36 scores were also improved in both groups without group difference.Conclusion. This randomized sham-controlled trial suggests that acupuncture treatment show the better effects on the reduction of the bothersomeness and pain intensity than sham-control in participants with cLBP.  
  Address 1Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea 2Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyung Won University, Sungnam, Korea 3Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Sang Ji University, Wonju, Kore  
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 130  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 180  
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