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Author (up) Alraek, T.; Baerheim, A. url  openurl
  Title The effect of prophylactic acupuncture treatment in women with recurrent cystitis: kidney patients fare better Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 9 Issue 5 Pages 651-658  
  Keywords Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Urologic Diseases; Cystitis; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; No Treatment Control; RCT; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the effect of acupuncture treatment in recurrent cystitis relates to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnostic categories and physiologic measurements. SETTING/LOCATION: Two private acupuncture clinics in Bergen, Norway. Measurements were carried out in Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Ninety-eight (98) cystitis-prone women were randomly assigned to acupuncture treatment or no treatment. Main effect parameter was number of cystitis during 6 months observation time. Residual urine was measured with an automatic Bladder Scan 2500 (Diagnostic Ultrasound Corporation, Bothell, WA) at baseline, 2, 4 and 6 months. RESULTS: Twenty-two (22) patients had Spleen yang/qi xu (Sp), 18 Kidney yang/qi xu (Kid), and 18 Liver qi stagnation (Liv). Of the Kid group, 78% were free of cystitis (irrespective of bacteriuria) during the observation period compared to 45% in the Sp group, 44% in the Liv group (p < or = 0.05, Kid versus Sp and Liv), and 17% in the nontreated group (p < or = 0.01, versus all treated patients). One sixth as many episodes of acute cystitis occurred in the Kid group compared to the nontreated group (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.05-0.42, p < or = 0.001). Similarly, we found IRR = 0.49 (0.25-0.83) in the Sp group and IRR = 0.42 (0.21-0.80) in the Liv group. Subanalyzing for cystitis with detected bacteriuria yielded comparable results. Kid patients significantly reduced their residual urine from baseline to 6 months (36.4 mL versus 12.9 mL, p < or = 0.05). The reduction was less and nonsignificant in Sp and Liv groups (31.5 mL versus 22.2 mL, 36.4 mL versus 16.7 mL, respectively). Residual urine remained unchanged among nontreated patients. CONCLUSION: Our findings show a better acupuncture treatment effect on Kidney yang/qi xu than on other TCM syndromes found in women with recurrent cystitis. This has practical implications, and highlights the need for considering different TCM diagnostic categories in acupuncture research  
  Address Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Section for General Practice, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. terje.alraek@isf.uib.no  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 94  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Cystitis
  Disease Category Urologic Diseases OCSI Score 68  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 21  
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