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Author (up) de Luca, A. C.; da Fonseca, A. M.; Lopes, C. M.; Bagnoli, V. R.; Soares, J. M.; Baracat, E. C. EC url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture-ameliorated menopausal symptoms: single-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Climacteric : the journal of the International Menopause Society Abbreviated Journal Climacteric  
  Volume 13 Issue 6 Pages 140-145  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Climacteric; Menopause; RCT; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Verum Acupoint Control; Hot Flashes;  
  Abstract Objectives To evaluate the effects of acupuncture and sham-acupuncture on women with menopausal symptoms as reflected in the intensity of their hot flushes and the Kupperman Menopausal Index (KMI). Method This was a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial with 81 patients assigned to two groups: Group 1 received 12 months of acupuncture, then 6 months of sham-acupuncture treatment (n = 56) and Group 2 received 6 months of sham-acupuncture, then 12 months of acupuncture treatment (n = 25). The needles were inserted in a harmonic craniocaudal manner at a depth of about 2 cm, and each session lasted approximately 40 min. The efficacy of acupuncture in ameliorating the climacteric symptoms of patients in postmenopause was determined through the KMI and the intensity of hot flushes. The analysis of variance method for two factors and repeated measures was applied. Results The baseline values of the women in both groups were similar for the KMI score and number of hot flushes. At the end of 6 months, the values for the KMI and hot flushes for the women in Group 1 were lower than those of the women in Group 2 (p < 0.05). After 12 months, the KMI and hot flush data were similar in both groups. After 18 months, the values of the KMI and hot flushes for the women in Group 2 for were lower than those of the women in Group 1 (p < 0.05). Conclusion Acupuncture treatment for relieving menopausal symptoms may be effective for decreasing hot flushes and the KMI score in postmenopausal women.  
  Address Medical School of University of Sao Paulo, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sao Paulo.  
  Language Number of Treatments 29  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 240  
  Time in Treatment 52 Weeks Condition Menopause
  Disease Category Climacteric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 228  
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