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Author (up) Nakamura, S.; Horiuchi, S. url  openurl
  Title Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Effectiveness of a Self-Care Program for Pregnant Women for Relieving Hiesho Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine  
  Volume 23 Issue 1 Pages 53-59  
  Keywords ARM -- Physiology; EXTREMITIES (Anatomy) -- Physiology; LEG -- Physiology; PREGNANCY complications -- Prevention; ACUPUNCTURE points; ANALYSIS of variance; BODY temperature; CHI-squared test; CLINICAL trials; CLOTHING & dress; CONFIDENCE intervals; EXERCISE therapy; MEDICAL thermography; PROBABILITY theory; Questionnaires; RESEARCH -- Finance; SAMPLING (Statistics); SCALE analysis (Psychology); HEALTH self-care; T-test (Statistics); WOMEN -- Health; STATISTICAL power analysis; STATISTICAL significance; SKIN temperature; RANDOMIZED controlled trials; RELATIVE risk (Medicine); PRE-tests & post-tests; DATA analysis -- Software; DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Pregnancy; Japan  
  Abstract Background A group of adults can be identified with chronic non-responding anxiety symptoms who have repeatedly accessed treatments through their GP, such as cognitive behaviour therapy, bibliotherapy and medication, but with no effect. These patients make heavy use of health service resources with no beneficial outcome. This study aims to test the effect of an acupuncture formula of three specific acupuncture points, suggested in a previous pilot study. Method 40 participants from a psychiatry waiting list were randomised into one of two groups: group 1 (n=25) received 10 weeks of acupuncture at PC6, HT7 and LR3, and group 2 was a waiting list control group. The waiting list group (n=15) then received acupuncture. Both groups were followed up for 10 weeks after treatment. The outcome measure was the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results 36 patients completed the study, with two dropouts in each group. State anxiety scores in the acupuncture group decreased from 57.7 (SD 13.1) to 38.8 (12.0); scores in the waiting list control group decreased from 61.5 (11.6) to 60.6 (11.7). The difference was highly significant (p<0.0001). Similar changes were seen for trait anxiety scores. The control group showed similar statistically significant improvements when they received acupuncture. The improvements were maintained after 10 weeks of follow-up in each group. Conclusions Acupuncture is a promising intervention for patients with chronic anxiety symptoms that have proven resistant to other forms of treatment.  
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 120746245; Source Information: Jan2017, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p53; Subject Term: ARM -- Physiology; Subject Term: EXTREMITIES (Anatomy) -- Physiology; Subject Term: LEG -- Physiology; Subject Term: PREGNANCY complications -- Prevention; Subject Term: ACUPUNCTURE points; Subject Term: ANALYSIS of variance; Subject Term: BODY temperature; Subject Term: CHI-squared test; Subject Term: CLINICAL trials; Subject Term: CLOTHING & dress; Subject Term: CONFIDENCE intervals; Subject Term: EXERCISE therapy; Subject Term: MEDICAL thermography; Subject Term: PROBABILITY theory; Subject Term: QUESTIONNAIRES; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Finance; Subject Term: SAMPLING (Statistics); Subject Term: SCALE analysis (Psychology); Subject Term: HEALTH self-care; Subject Term: T-test (Statistics); Subject Term: WOMEN -- Health; Subject Term: STATISTICAL power analysis; Subject Term: STATISTICAL significance; Subject Term: SKIN temperature; Subject Term: RANDOMIZED controlled trials; Subject Term: RELATIVE risk (Medicine); Subject Term: PRE-tests & post-tests; Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: PREGNANCY; Subject Term: ; Geographic Subject: JAPAN; Geographic Subject: ; Number of Pages: 7p; ; Document Type: Article; Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2288  
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