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Author (up) Aranha, M.F.M.; Müller, C.E.E.; Gavião, M.B.D. url  doi
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  Title Pain intensity and cervical range of motion in women with myofascial pain treated with acupuncture and electroacupuncture: a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy / Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia Abbreviated Journal Rev Brasil Fisioter  
  Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 34-43  
  Keywords Myofascial Pain Syndromes -- Therapy; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Pain; Range of Motion; Neck; Human; Funding Source; Female; Randomized Controlled Trials; Visual Analog Scaling; Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test; Paired T-Tests; Analysis of Variance; Friedman Test; Kruskal-Wallis Test; Pearson's Correlation Coefficient; Treatment Outcomes; Academic Medical Centers; Brazil; One-Way Analysis of Variance; Repeated Measures; Post Hoc Analysis; Data Analysis Software; Linear Regression; Adult; Body Mass Index; Descriptive Statistics  
  Abstract Background: Acupuncture stimulates points on the body, influencing the perception of myofascial pain or altering physiologic functions. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture (EAC) and acupuncture (AC) for myofascial pain of the upper trapezius and cervical range of motion, using SHAM acupuncture as control. Method: Sixty women presenting at least one trigger point at the upper trapezius and local or referred pain for more than six months were randomized into EAC, AC, and SHAM groups. Eight sessions were scheduled and a follow-up was conducted after 28 days. The Visual Analog Scale assessed the intensity of local and general pain. A fleximeter assessed cervical movements. Data were analyzed using paired t or Wilcoxon's tests, ANOVA or Friedman or Kruskal-Wallis tests and Pearson's correlation (?=0.05). Results: There was reduction in general pain in the EAC and AC groups after eight sessions (P<0.001). A significant decrease in pain intensity occurred for the right trapezius in all groups and for the left trapezius in the EAC and AC groups. Intergroup comparisons showed improvement in general pain in the EAC and AC groups and in local pain intensity in the EAC group (P<0.05), which showed an increase in left rotation (P=0.049). The AC group showed increases in inclination (P=0.005) sustained until follow-up and rotation to the right (P=0.032). Conclusion: EAC and AC were effective in reducing the pain intensity compared with SHAM. EAC was better than AC for local pain relief. These treatments can assist in increasing cervical range of motion, albeit subtly.  
  Address Departamento de Odontologia Infantil, FOP, UNICAMP, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil  
  Publisher Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy / Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 109799019. Language: English. Entry Date: 20150612. Revision Date: 20151008. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Allied Health; Blind Peer Reviewed; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Mexico & Central/South America; Peer Reviewed. Special Interest: Physical Therapy. Grant Information: To Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil (Process 2010/11684-0 and Process 2011/12659-1). NLM UID: 101186153. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 109799019 Serial 2337  
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