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Author (up) Park, S.-W.; Yi, S.-H.; Lee, J.A.; Hwang, P.W.; Yoo, H.C.; Kang, K.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for the Treatment of Spasticity After Stroke: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 20 Issue 9 Pages 672-682  
  Keywords Stroke -- Complications; Muscle Spasticity -- Therapy; Acupuncture; Human; South Korea; Randomized Controlled Trials -- Evaluation; Professional Practice, Evidence-Based; Systematic Review; Meta Analysis; Funding Source; Alternative Therapies; Treatment Outcomes; Cochrane Library; PubMed; CINAHL Database; Embase; Descriptive Statistics; Research Methodology -- Evaluation; Study Design -- Evaluation; Measurement Issues and Assessments; Scales; Data Analysis Software; Chi Square Test; H-Reflex; Motor Neurons  
  Abstract Objectives: Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for spasticity in patients with stroke. The available literature was reviewed in an effort to assess its efficacy in this situation. Methods: Randomized trials assessing the effects of acupuncture for the treatment of spasticity after stroke were identified by searching the Cochrane Library, PubMed, ProQuest, EBSCO host, SCOPUS, CINAHL, EMBASE, Alternative Medicine Database, and Chinese and Korean medical literature databases. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study characteristics, patient characteristics, and spasticity outcomes. Results: Eight trials with 399 patients met all the inclusion criteria. Compared with controls without acupuncture, acupuncture had no effect on improving clinical outcomes (as measured by validated instruments such as the Modified Ashworth Scale) or physiologic outcomes (assessed by measures such as the H-reflex/M-response [H/M] ratio at the end of the treatment period). H/M ratios did decrease significantly immediately after the first acupuncture treatment. Methodologic quality of all evaluated trials was considered inadequate. Conclusions: The effect of acupuncture for spasticity in patients with stroke remains uncertain, primarily because of the poor quality of the available studies. Larger and more methodologically sound trials are needed to definitively confirm or refute any effect of acupuncture as a treatment for spasticity after stroke.  
  Address Department of Motor & Cognitive Rehabilitation, Korea National Rehabilitation Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.; Kyungheesarang Oriental Medicine Clinic, Seoul, Korea.  
  Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 103889719. Language: English. Entry Date: 20140909. Revision Date: 20150901. Publication Type: Journal Article; meta analysis; research; systematic review; tables/charts. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; USA. Special Interest: Evidence-Based Practice. Instrumentation: Jadad Scale. Grant Information: This research was supported by a grant (08-B-02) from the Korea National Rehabilitation Center Research Institute.. NLM UID: 9508124. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103889719 Serial 2356  
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