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Author (up) Plaster, R.; Vieira, W.B.; Alencar, F.A.D.; Nakano, E.Y.; Liebano, R.E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Immediate effects of electroacupuncture and manual acupuncture on pain, mobility and muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine Abbreviated Journal Acupuncture Med  
  Volume 32 Issue 3 Pages 236-241  
  Keywords Osteoarthritis, Knee -- Therapy; Acupuncture -- Methods; Electroacupuncture -- Methods; Pain; Physical Mobility; Muscle Strength; Human; Randomized Controlled Trials; Descriptive Statistics; Brazil; Female; Male; Adult; Middle Age; Aged; Aged, 80 and Over; Dynamometry; Intrarater Reliability; Sample Size Determination; Two-Way Analysis of Variance; Pretest-Posttest Design; Data Analysis Software; Clinical Assessment Tools  
  Abstract Objective: To compare the immediate effects of electroacupuncture and manual acupuncture on pain, mobility and muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Sixty patients with knee osteoarthritis, with a pain intensity of ?2 on the pain Numerical Rating Scale, were included. The patients were randomised into two groups: manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture. Pain intensity, degree of dysfunction (Timed Up and Go (TUG) test), maximal voluntary isometric contraction and pressure pain threshold were assessed before and after a single session of manual acupuncture or electroacupuncture treatments. Results: Both groups showed a significant reduction in pain intensity (p<0.001) and time to run the TUG test after the acupuncture treatment (p=0.005 for the manual acupuncture group and p=0.002 for the electroacupuncture group). There were no differences between the groups regarding pain intensity (p=0.25), TUG test (p=0.70), maximum voluntary isometric contraction (p=0.43) or pressure pain threshold (p=0.27). Conclusions: This study found no difference between the immediate effects of a single session of manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture on pain, muscle strength and mobility in patients with knee osteoarthritis.  
  Address Departamento de Estatística, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil  
  Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 103977173. Language: English. Entry Date: 20140725. Revision Date: 20150710. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland. Instrumentation: Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUG); Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). NLM UID: 9304117. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103977173 Serial 2369  
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