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Author (up) Kim, D.; Ham, O.K.; Kang, C.; Jun, E. url  doi
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  Title Effects of Auricular Acupressure Using Sinapsis alba Seeds on Obesity and Self-Efficacy in Female College Students Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 20 Issue 4 Pages 258-264  
  Keywords Students, College; Acupressure -- Methods; Seeds -- Utilization; Obesity -- Therapy; Self-Efficacy; Human; South Korea; Randomized Controlled Trials; Random Assignment; Intervention Trials; Female; Women's Health; Alternative Therapies; Body Mass Index -- Evaluation; Ear; Acupuncture Points; Self Care; Body Weights and Measures; Body Composition -- Evaluation; Treatment Outcomes -- Evaluation; Waist-Hip Ratio -- Evaluation; Scales; Statistical Significance; Plants, Medicinal; Pretest-Posttest Design; Power Analysis; Effect Size; Electric Impedance; Summated Rating Scaling; Data Analysis Software; Chi Square Test; T-Tests; Paired T-Tests; Fisher's Exact Test; Young Adult; Descriptive Statistics  
  Abstract Objectives : To examine the effects of auricular acupressure with Sinapsis alba seeds on obesity and self-efficacy. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Settings: College settings located in metropolitan areas of Korea. Participants: A total of 49 female college students who were overweight or obese (body-mass index [BMI] ?25.0 kg/m2) were recruited and randomly assigned to the experimental group ( n=25) or the control group ( n=24). Interventions: The experimental group applied three S. alba seeds to each of five auricular points (Shenmen, mouth, stomach, endocrine, and small intestine points). These participants were asked to stimulate those points 10 times at a rate of two times per second 30 minutes before mealtime, three times daily, for 1 month. They performed the procedure for each earlobe for alternating weeks (a total of 2 weeks' treatment for each ear). Outcome Measures: The obesity index included weight (kg), BMI (kg/m2), percentage body fat, and waist-to-hip ratio. Self-efficacy was measured by using a self-efficacy scale. Results: Female students in the experimental group showed significant decreases in weight ( t=10.76; p<0.001) and BMI ( t=9.60; p<0.001) and significant improvement in self-efficacy ( t=1.85; p<0.05) compared with those in the control group. However, percentage body fat ( t=1.27; p>0.05) and waist-to-hip ratio ( t=0.60; p>0.05) changes did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusions: These findings suggest that auricular acupressure using S. alba seeds may be an effective intervention for decreasing weight and BMI and increasing self-efficacy of overweight and obese individuals.  
  Address Department of Nursing Science, Dong-eui University, Busan, Republic of Korea.  
  Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 103928992. Language: English. Entry Date: 20140418. Revision Date: 20150820. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; USA. Special Interest: Psychiatry/Psychology; Women's Health. NLM UID: 9508124. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103928992 Serial 2386  
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