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Author (up) Karst, M.; Passie, T.; Friedrich, S.; Wiese, B.; Schneider, U. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms: a randomized, placebo-controlled inpatient study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal Addict Biol  
  Volume 7 Issue 4 Pages 415-419  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract Thirty-four alcoholics were treated with acupuncture to the ear and the body in a randomized single-blind placebo-controlled design over 14 days. Orthodox points and placebo needles to orthodox points were used daily for a total of 10 treatments starting on the first day of admission as add-on therapy to standard medication with carbamazepine. The primary outcome was the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA-Ar-scale) assessed on days 1-6, 9 and 14. No initial differences were found regarding sociodemographic data, drinking history and alcohol-related data, indicating successful randomization. Longitudinal analysis of the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA-Ar-scale) data showed that patients assigned to acupuncture had a general tendency towards better outcome results and significantly fewer withdrawal symptoms on day 14 (Wilcoxon-W=177.500, Z=-2.009, p = 0.045). No significant differences were found in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI X1 and X2) and Eigenschaftswoerterliste (EWL S60). We conclude that acupuncture as an adjunctive treatment to carbamazepine medication shows promise for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Further investigation of this treatment modality appears to be warranted  
  Address Departments of Anesthesiology, Pain Clinic, Medical School of Hannover, Germany  
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Days Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 34  
  Time in Treatment 1.5 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 554  
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