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Author (up) Berman, A. H.; Lundberg, U.; Krook, A. L.; Gyllenhammar, C. url  openurl
  Title Treating drug using prison inmates with auricular acupuncture; A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 26 Issue 2 Pages 95-102  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract This study tested the viability of auricular acupuncture in prisons for alleviating inmates' symptoms of psychological and physical discomfort and reducing their drug use. The experimental NADA-Acudetox protocol was compared with a non-specific helix control protocol in a randomized trial. Over a period of 18 months, a 4-week, 14-session auricular acupuncture treatment program was offered in two prisons to 163 men and women with self-reported drug use. Among treatment completers, no differences by method were found in self-reported symptoms of discomfort. Drug use occurred in the NADA group but not in the helix group. In contrast, confidence in the NADA treatment increased over time while it decreased for the helix treatment. No significant negative side effects were observed for either method. Participants in both groups reported reduced symptoms of discomfort and improved nighttime sleep. Future research should compare auricular acupuncture to a non-invasive control in order to attempt to disentangle active effects from placebo  
  Address Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Frescati Hagvag 14, plan 3, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Center for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sveavagen 160, plan 5, S-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden  
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 163  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Substance-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 67  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 67  
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