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Author (up) Black, S.; Carey, E.; Webber, A.; Neish, N.; Gilbert, R. url  openurl
  Title Determining the efficacy of auricular acupuncture for reducing anxiety in patients withdrawing from psychoactive drugs Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Anxiety; Substance-Related Disorders; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Auricular Acupuncture; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Group Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Usual Care Control, Unspecified  
  Abstract Auricular acupuncture (AA) is a widely accepted treatment option for substance abuse that is used in more than 700 treatment centers worldwide. Despite claims of perceived clinical benefits by patients and treatment staff, research efforts have failed to substantiate purported benefits, and the mechanism(s) by which AA serves in the treatment of addiction remain inconclusive. Numerous studies have shown AA to be an effective treatment for perioperative anxiety. In this study, we hypothesize that AA reduces the anxiety associated with withdrawal from psychoactive drugs. The study used a randomized, controlled design and included a sample of 101 patients recruited from an addiction treatment service. Subjects were assigned to one of three treatment groups (National Acupuncture Detoxification Association [NADA] AA, AA at sham points, or treatment setting control) and were instructed to attend treatment sessions for 3 days. The primary outcome measure state anxiety was assessed using a pretest-posttest treatment design. The study hypothesis was not confirmed. The NADA protocol was not more effective than sham or treatment setting control in reducing anxiety. The widespread acceptance of AA in the treatment of addiction remains controversial.  
  Address Addiction Prevention and Treatment Services, Capital District Health Authority, PO Box 896, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada B2Y 3Z6.  
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 101  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Anxiety
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 77  
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