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Author (up) Mannix, Sharon M.; O'Sullivan, Cliona; Kelly, Grainne A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for Managing Phantom-Limb Syndrome: A Systematic Review Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2013 Publication Abbreviated Journal Medical Acupuncture  
  Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 23-42  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Pain; Phantom Limb Syndrome; Pain, Postoperative; Acupuncture; Systematic Review  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Phantom-limb syndrome can significantly impact on amputees' quality of life and their functional capacity. Conventional treatment approaches have a poor rate of success in alleviating symptoms. Acupuncture has been advocated as an effective alternative treatment; however, there has not been a systematic review of the evidence base for this. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to determine the effectiveness of acupuinuture treatment in the management of phantom-limb syndrome. METHODS: This review comprised three phases: (1) an electronic database search to identify potential articles; (2) extraction of data from accepted articles; and (3) rating of internal validity and strengh of the evidences provided in the accepted articles. OUTCOME MEASURES: An Effective Public Health Practice Project quality assessment tool (quantitative studies), a Critical Appraisal Skills Programme quality assessment tool (qualatative studies), and Agency for Health Care Policy and Research guidelines (strength of evidence) were used to assess the evidence. RESULTS: Level C evidence showed acupuncture treatment reduced phantom-limb pain and sensation (14 studies), improved functional capacity or mobility (5 stidues), and reduced levels of analgesic use (3 studies). CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture therapy has been shown to have a positive effect on the symptoms of phantom-limb syndrome. However, further investigations of superior quality are needed to support these findings and determine the most effective method of acupuncture for this purpose. KEY WORDS: Acupuncture; Phantom Limb; Amputee;  
  Address School of Public Health, Physiotherapy, and Population Sciences, Health Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Phantom Limb
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 821  
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