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Author (up) Brinkhaus, B.; Witt, C. M.; Jena, S.; Liecker, B.; Wegscheider, K.; Willich, S. N. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in patients with allergic rhinitis: a pragmatic randomized trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication Annals of allergy, asthma, and immunology Abbreviated Journal Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol  
  Volume 101 Issue 5 Pages 535-543  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Rhinitis, Allergic; Allergies; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Unspecified Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is widely used in patients with allergic rhinitis, but the available evidence of its effectiveness is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture in addition to routine care in patients with allergic rhinitis compared with treatment with routine care alone. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, patients with allergic rhinitis were randomly allocated to receive up to 15 acupuncture sessions during a period of 3 months or to a control group receiving no acupuncture. Patients who did not consent to random assignment received acupuncture treatment. All patients were allowed to receive usual medical care. The Rhinitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) and general health-related quality of life (36-Item Short-Form Health Survey) were evaluated at baseline and after 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: Of 5,237 patients (mean [SD] age, 40 [12] years; 62% women), 487 were randomly assigned to acupuncture and 494 to control, and 4,256 were included in the nonrandomized acupuncture group. At 3 months, the RQLQ improved by a mean (SE) of 1.48 (0.06) in the acupuncture group and by 0.50 (0.06) in the control group (3-month scores, 1.44 [0.06] and 2.42 [0.06], respectively; difference in improvement, 0.98 [0.08]; P < .001). Similarly, quality-of-life improvements were more pronounced in the acupuncture vs the control group (P < .001). Six-month improvements in both acupuncture groups were lower than they had been at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this trial suggest that treating patients with allergic rhinitis in routine care with additional acupuncture leads to clinically relevant and persistent benefits. In addition, it seems that physician characteristics play a minor role in the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment, although this idea needs further investigation  
  Address Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology, and Health Economics, Charite University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany. benno.brinkhaus@charite.de  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 15  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 981  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Rhinitis, Allergic
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 91  
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