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Author (up) openurl 
  Title Type of Study Journal Article
  Year Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords AcuTrials  
  Abstract To clarify the effect of electroacupuncture (Ea) on the activity of the cardiovascular system in normal individuals, hemodynamic parameters including arterial blood pressure (BP), finger blood flow (FBF) and heart rate (HR) as well as paravertebral temperature (PVT) were non-invasively recorded under Ea stimulation. Surface stimulation electrode was placed on the Hoku point (Li-4). Square wave pulses (0.05 ms) were applied from a stimulator with a stimulation frequency of 2 Hz (3 min). The stimulation intensity was five times of sensory threshold. BP and FBF were decreased (68.5+/-6.0%, P<0.01 and 96.8+/-1.1%, P<0.01 of control, respectively, n=7) while HR and PVT were increased significantly (115.0+/-5.1 of control, P<0.05 and 0.054+/-0.004 degree C, P<0.01, respectively, n=7) during Ea treatment. The results suggested an inhibition in sympathetic outflow, which induced vasodilatation of systemic arteriole and decrease in BP and FBF were elicited by Ea stimulation.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1872  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Abaraogu, U.O.; Tabansi-Ochuogu, C.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title As Acupressure Decreases Pain, Acupuncture May Improve Some Aspects of Quality of Life for Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 8 Issue 5 Pages 220-228  
  Keywords Systematic Review; Menstruation Disturbances; Dysmenorrhea; Women's Health; Gynecology; Acupuncture; Acupressure; Quality of Life; Menstrual Pain  
  Abstract Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological symptom reported by women and constitutes a high health, social, and economic burden. Chemotherapies, along with their side effects, have not yielded satisfactory outcomes. Alternative nonpharmacological interventions, including acupuncture and acupressure, have been advocated, but evidence regarding their beneficial effect is inconclusive. This study sought to obtain evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture and acupressure interventions. Twelve electronic databases were searched by using menstrual pain intensity and quality of life as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively, with the PEDro guideline for quality appraisal. Data unsuitable for a meta-analysis were reported as descriptive data. The search yielded 38 citations, from which eight studies were systematically reviewed, four of the eight being eligible for meta-analysis. The systematic review showed moderate methodological quality with a mean of 6.1 out of 10 on the PEDro quality scale. Acupressure showed evidence of pain relief while acupuncture improved both the mental and the physical components of quality of life. In conclusion, physiotherapists should consider using acupuncture and acupressure to treat primary dysmenorrhea, but a need exists for higher quality, randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trials with adequate sample sizes to establish clearly the effects of these modalities.  
  Address Department of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Dysmenorrhea
  Disease Category Menstruation Disturbances OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:26433798 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2019  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Abbaszadeh-Amirdehi, M.; Ansari, N.N.; Naghdi, S.; Olyaei, G.; Nourbakhsh, M.R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Therapeutic effects of dry needling in patients with upper trapezius myofascial trigger points Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Myofascial Pain; Neurophysiology  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are major pain generators in myofascial pain syndrome. Dry needling (DN) is an effective method for the treatment of MTrPs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate neurophysiological and clinical effects of DN in patients with upper trapezius MTrPs. METHODS: This was a prospective, clinical trial study of 20 patients with upper trapezius MTrPs and 20 healthy volunteers (matched for height, weight, body mass index and age), all of whom received one session of DN. Primary outcome measures were neuromuscular junction response (NMJR) and sympathetic skin response (SSR). Secondary outcomes were pain intensity (PI) and pressure pain threshold (PPT). Data were collected at baseline and immediately post-intervention. RESULTS: At baseline, SSR amplitude was higher in patients versus healthy volunteers (p<0.003). With respect to NMJR, a clinically abnormal increment and normal reduction was observed in patients and healthy volunteers, respectively. Moreover, PPT of patients was less than healthy volunteers (p<0.0001). After DN, SSR amplitude decreased significantly in patients (p<0.01), but did not change in healthy volunteers. A clinically important reduction in the NMJR of patients and increment in healthy volunteers was demonstrated after DN. PPT increased after DN in patients, but decreased in healthy volunteers (p<0.0001). PI improved after DN in patients (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed that one session of DN targeting active MTrPs appears to reduce hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system and irritability of the motor endplate. DN seems effective at improving symptoms and deactivating active MTrPs, although further research is needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: IRCT20130316128.  
  Address Department of Physical Therapy, University of North Georgia, Dehlonega, Georgia, USA  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27697768 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2145  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Abraham, J. url  openurl
  Title Acupressure and acupuncture in preventing and managing postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2008 Publication Journal of Perioperative Practice Abbreviated Journal J Perioper Pract  
  Volume 18 Issue 12 Pages 543-551  
  Keywords Acupressure; Acupuncture; Emesis; Nausea; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; Systematic Review; Vomiting; AcuTrials  
  Abstract This literature review sets out to investigate the effectiveness of acupressure and acupuncture in preventing and managing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in adult patients. PONV is problematic, affecting patient satisfaction, delayed discharge and even patient re-admission. Current treatment of PONV constitutes a variety of drug therapies, which are only partially effective. With the integration of complementary and alternative medicines in healthcare, this review examined 10 research studies investigating the use of acupressure and acupuncture in treating PONV. Three studies found acupressure to be effective in preventing PONV. However, population samples were small and the research designs had numerous anomalies. Overall the article suggests that acupuncture and acupressure are ineffective in preventing and managing PONV in adult patients. Further investigation of the effectiveness of acupressure and acupuncture, combined with current drug therapies, using well designed and adequately powered studies is needed. Published studies predominantly examined the use of P6 as the pressure point. Further studies should examine other 'acupoint' sites, to ascertain whether these are effective dependent upon the operative site  
  Address Faculty of Health and Life Sciences Coventry University, Coventry,  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 1  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Acar, H. V.; Cuvas, O.; Ceyhan, A.; Ceyhan, A.; Dikmen, B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture on Yintang point decreases preoperative anxiety Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 19 Issue 5 Pages 420-424  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Preoperative Anxiety; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ear-press needle acupuncture on Yintang point for preoperative anxiety. Design: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled study. Settings/location: The study setting was the Department of Anesthesiology in Ankara Training and Research Hospital of Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey. Subjects: The study comprised 52 adult surgical patients. Interventions: A single, 20-minute session of single-point acupuncture was applied on Yintang (acupuncture group) or sham point (sham acupuncture group). Outcome measures: The efficacy of acupuncture was evaluated by means of the changes in bispectral index (BIS) and STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Index). Results: BIS values in the acupuncture group were significantly lower than in the sham group in all time intervals (p<0.0042). BIS values were lower than baseline in the study group during the entire study period (p<0.0004) while no such effect has been observed in the sham group (p>0.0004). Mean values of state anxiety (STAI-S) decreased after acupuncture in the study group (p=0,018), while no change was observed in trait anxiety (STAI-T) (p=0.156). Patients of the sham group showed no change in both parameters (p=0.387 and p=0,116). Conclusions: Ear-press needle acupuncture on Yintang point reduces preoperative anxiety in adult surgical patients.  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Ankara Training and Research Hospital of Ministry of Health , Ankara, Turkey .  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 52  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Preoperative Anxiety
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Acupuncture Research Resource Centre url  openurl
  Title Sports Injuries and Acupuncture: The Evidence for Effectiveness Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal Brit Acupun  
  Volume 11 A2 Issue Pages 1-18  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Wounds and Injuries; Sports Medicine; Systematic Review  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Sports Medicine
  Disease Category Systematic Review OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 3  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Agah, M.; Falihi, A. url  openurl
  Title The efficacy of acupuncture in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Urology journal Abbreviated Journal Urol J  
  Volume 1 Issue 3 Pages 195-199  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Geriatrics; Incontinence; Kidney Calculi; Kidney Diseases; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of acupuncture in comparison with intravenous (IV) sedation in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Material and Methods: One hundred patients, who were scheduled for ESWL, were divided randomly into two groups of fifty patients (acupuncture and IV sedation). In the first group, acupuncture was carried out with special needles (0.30 x 18 mm), in two points 30 minutes before the procedure: point of 36 from the stomach meridian with an angle of 90 degrees and point of 60 from the urinary bladder meridian with an angle of 90 degrees. In the IV sedation group morphine 0.1 mg/kg was injected intramuscularly 30 minutes and intravenous diazepam 0.1 mg/kg for muscle relaxation and anti-anxiety, one minute before the procedure. The two groups were similar in terms of confounding factors. Pain (scored in 4 levels), blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and arterial blood oxygen saturation were recorded prior to IV sedation or acupuncture, 30 minutes after each, at the beginning of ESWL, 10 minutes after ESWL, and at the end of the procedure (times 1 to 5). RESULTS: In acupuncture group the pain intensity was less than IV sedation group (for time 3, p=0.019, for time 4, p=0.002, for time 5, p=0.05). Considering the pain incidence (each pain score except zero), there was a significant difference at time 4 (p=0.012). None of the procedures was stopped because of pain and none of the patients experienced complications during operation. Arterial blood oxygen saturation was between 95% and 100% for all of the patients in acupuncture group and recovery time was faster (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture is a safe and effective method for analgesia. It has a faster recovery time and economical benefits. It also provides the ability to increase the shock wave voltage. We believe that it is a good alternative for IV sedation in ESWL, particularly in patients with lung and heart disease  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology, Shaheed Labbafinejad Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 100  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Kidney Calculi
  Disease Category Urologic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 4  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ahn, A. C.; Bennani, T.; Freeman, R.; Hamdy, O.; Kaptchuk, T. J. url  openurl
  Title Two styles of acupuncture for treating painful diabetic neuropathy--a pilot randomised control trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 25 Issue 1-2 Pages 11-17  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetic Neuropathies; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Japanese Acupuncture Style; Neuropathy; Pain; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection  
  Abstract In a pilot study, we evaluated the clinical and mechanistic effects of two styles of acupuncture, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Japanese acupuncture, for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy. Out of seven patients enrolled, three received Traditional Chinese acupuncture while four received Japanese style acupuncture. Treatments were delivered once a week for 10 weeks. Acupuncturists were permitted to select the needle interventions. Substantial differences in diagnostic techniques, choice of acupuncture points, and needle manipulation were observed between TCM and Japanese acupuncturists. Clinically, patients allocated to Japanese acupuncture reported decreased neuropathy-associated pain according to the daily pain severity score, while the group allocated to the TCM acupuncture reported minimal effects. Both acupuncture styles, however, lowered pain according to the McGill Short Form Pain Score. The TCM style improved nerve sensation according to quantitative sensory testing while the Japanese style had a more equivocal effect. No evident changes were observed in glucose control or heart rate variability in either group  
  Address Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. aahn@hms.harvard.edu  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 7  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Diabetic Neuropathies
  Disease Category Diabetes Mellitus OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 5  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ahn, C. B.; Lee, S. J.; Lee, J. C.; Fossion, J. P.; Sant'Ana, A. url  openurl
  Title A clinical pilot study comparing traditional acupuncture to combined acupuncture for treating headache, trigeminal neuralgia and retro-auricular pain in facial palsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 29-43  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Headache Disorders; Trigeminal Neuralgia; Nervous System Diseases; Cranial Nerve Diseases; Bell Palsy; Pilot Study; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Auricular Acupuncture; Korean Acupuncture Style; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Fossion Auricular Acupuncture; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; CAM Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract Traditional acupuncture (TA) and ear acupuncture (EA) are used for treatment of headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain. The purpose of this study is to develop effective treatment using combined acupuncture (CA) which consists of TA and EA and to set clinical protocols for future trials. Participants were divided into TA (n = 15) control and CA (n = 34) experimental groups. Obligatory points among Korean Five Element Acupuncture and optional individual points along with symptom points were used in the TA group. The CA group was exposed to ear points of Fossion and TA. Acupuncture treatment consisted of six mandatory sessions per patient over 3 weeks and extended to 12 sessions. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale. We compared TA to CA and researched their relevant publications. No significant difference was observed between the two groups (p = 0.968) which showed pain-alleviating tendency. Pain alleviation was significantly different after the fifth and sixth sessions (p = 0.021, p = 0.025), with headache being the most significantly relieved (F = 4.399, p = 0.018) among the diseases. When assessing pain intensity, both the Headache Impact Test and the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale should be adopted for headache and the fractal electroencephalography method be used in pain diseases. In the future, studies should consist of TA, EA, and CA groups; each group having 20 patients. Treatment number should to be no less than 10 sessions. Korean Five Element Acupuncture should be a compulsory inclusion along with individual points being optional inclusion in TA. EA could be selected from Nogier, Fossion and so forth. In conclusion, acupuncture treatment, whether TA or CA, showed pain alleviation in headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain, but no significant difference was seen between groups. Prospective, well-controlled, and relevant protocols using multimodal strategies to define the role of TA, EA, and CA are needed.  
  Address Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongeui University, Busan, Korea. cbahn@deu.ac.kr  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 9  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Headache
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 6  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ahonen, E.; Hakumaki, M.; Mahlamaki, S.; Partanen, J.; Riekkinen, P.; Sivenius, J. url  openurl
  Title Effectiveness of acupuncture and physiotherapy on myogenic headache: a comparative study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1984 Publication Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Electrother Res  
  Volume 9 Issue 3 Pages 141-150  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Massage; Neck Pain; Pain; Physical Therapy; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Physical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tension-Type Headache; Headache Disorders  
  Abstract Twenty-two tension-neck and headache patients were divided into acupuncture and physiotherapy groups. The quantity of muscle tension (motor unit potential spikes per time unit) was estimated three times before the beginning of the therapy, four times during a therapy period of four weeks, and two times during the follow-up period of 28 weeks. Pain level was also estimated using a visual analogue scale. In both of the groups a significant reduction of muscle tension was observed during the therapy period. After a follow-up period of 28 weeks, there was still a significant reduction of EMG activity in both groups. Also, the subjective level of headache decreased in these groups during the therapy period, and it was also significantly lowered after 28 weeks of follow-up. It is concluded that either acupuncture therapy or physiotherapy relieves pain in tension-neck and headache patients  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up 28 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 22  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Headache
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 7  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ajori, L.; Nazari, L.; Eliaspour, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of acupuncture for initiation of labor: a double-blind randomized sham-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication Archives of gynecology and obstetrics Abbreviated Journal Arch Gynecol Obstet  
  Volume 287 Issue 5 Pages 887-891  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Labor, Obstetric; Labor, Induced; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Initiation of Labor  
  Abstract PURPOSE: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate whether use of acupuncture could initiate labor at term and thus reduce post-term induction. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2011, a total of 80 women at 38 weeks of gestation or greater were randomized to acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups. Acupuncture points LI4, SP6 and BL67 were needled bilaterally. The primary outcome was initiation of labor. The time from acupuncture to delivery, mode of delivery, fetal and maternal outcome and Apgar scores were recorded. The trial is registered at irct.ir, number IRCT201111218151N1. RESULTS: Eighty women were randomized and 75 women completed the study procedure. Age, BMI, parity and gestational age were similar in both groups. Spontaneous labor was initiated in 94.7 % of acupuncture group and 89.2 % of sham acupuncture group (p = 0.430). There were no statistically significant difference between groups for time from enrollment to delivery (p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: According to this study, it seems that acupuncture was not effective in labor initiation compared to sham acupuncture.  
  Address Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tajrish Sq, Tehran, Iran.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 80  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Labor Onset
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 8  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Akimoto, T.; Nakahori, C.; Aizawa, K.; Kimura, F.; Fukubayashi, T.; Kono, I. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture and Responses of Immunologic and Endocrine Markers during Competition Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Medicine and science in sports and exercise Abbreviated Journal Med Sci Sports Exerc  
  Volume 35 Issue 8 Pages 1296-1302  
  Keywords Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Athletes; Electroacupuncture; Exercise; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; No Treatment Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sports Medicine; TCM Acupuncture Style; Athletic Performance  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION Acupuncture is used to modulate the physical well-being of athletes in Asian countries. However, there is little information on the immediate effects of acupuncture treatment on physiological or psychological responses to exercise.PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acupuncture treatment on the physical well-being of elite female soccer players during a competition period.METHODS Subjects were divided into two groups: those who received acupuncture treatment (18.1 +/- 2.3 yr [+/-SD], N = 9) and a control group (17.7 +/- 2.8 yr, N = 12). In the treatment group, acupuncture stimulus was applied at LI 4 (Goukoku), ST 36 (Ashi-sanri) for 20 min, and ST 6 (Kyosya), LU 6 (Ko-sai) points for 15 min 4 h after the game every night during the competition period. The measured parameters included salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) level, cortisol level in saliva, subjective rating of physical well-being, and profile of mood states (POMS).RESULTS The following were the main results: 1) Exercise-induced decrease of salivary SIgA and increase of salivary cortisol were inhibited by acupuncture. 2) Acupuncture improved subjective rating of muscle tension and fatigue. 3) The POMS score was modulated by acupuncture.CONCLUSION These results support the effectiveness of acupuncture for physical and mental well-being of athletes  
  Address 1Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, JAPAN; 2Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, JAPAN; and  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 21  
  Time in Treatment 3 Days Condition Athletic Performance
  Disease Category OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 9  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Al Rashoud, A.S.; Abboud, R.J.; Wang, W.; Wigderowitz, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Efficacy of low-level laser therapy applied at acupuncture points in knee osteoarthritis: a randomised double-blind comparative trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Physiotherapy Abbreviated Journal Physiotherapy  
  Volume 100 Issue 3 Pages 242-248  
  Keywords Osteoarthritis, Knee -- Therapy; Laser Therapy -- Methods; Acupuncture Points; Combined Modality Therapy; Clinical Assessment Tools; Visual Analog Scaling; Scales; Treatment Outcomes; Disability Evaluation; Randomized Controlled Trials; Double-Blind Studies; Placebos; Descriptive Statistics; Confidence Intervals; Mann-Whitney U Test; Human  
  Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) applied to acupuncture points on the knee joint in combination with exercise and advice in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Design: Randomised, double-blind, comparative clinical trial. Participants: Forty-nine patients with knee osteoarthritis were assigned at random into two groups: active laser group (n = 26) and placebo laser group (n = 23). Intervention: Using a gallium aluminium arsenide laser device, patients received either active or placebo LLLT at five acupuncture points on the affected knee during nine sessions. Outcome measures: Patients were assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Saudi Knee Function Scale (SKFS) at baseline, the fifth treatment session, the last treatment session, 6 weeks post intervention and 6 months post intervention. Results: VAS scores showed a significant improvement in the active laser group compared with the placebo laser group at 6 weeks post intervention [mean difference -1.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) of the difference -2.4 to -0.3; P = 0.014] and 6 months post intervention (mean difference -1.8, 95% CI of the difference -3.0 to -0.7; P = 0.003) using the independent samples test. SKFS scores also showed a significant improvement in the active laser group compared with the placebo laser group at the last treatment session (median difference -15, 95% CI of the difference -27 to -2; P = 0.035) and 6 months post intervention (median difference -21, 95% CI of the difference -34 to -7; P = 0.006) using the Mann-Whitney U test. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that short-term application of LLLT to specific acupuncture points in association with exercise and advice is effective in reducing pain and improving quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis.  
  Address Institute of Motion Analysis and Research, Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK  
  Publisher Elsevier B.V.
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 109837763. Language: English. Entry Date: 20150913. Revision Date: 20150923. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Allied Health; Blind Peer Reviewed; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland. Special Interest: Physical Therapy. Instrumentation: Saudi Knee Function Scale (SKFS). NLM UID: 0401223. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 109837763 Serial 2367  
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Author (up) Al-Sadi, M.; Newman, B.; Julious, S. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting Type of Study RCT
  Year 1997 Publication Abbreviated Journal Anesthesia  
  Volume 52 Issue Pages 658-661  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Emesis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Nausea; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Vomiting; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 81  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 10  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) AlBedah, A.; Khalil, M.; Elolemy, A.; Hussein, A.A.; AlQaed, M.; Al Mudaiheem, A.; Abutalib, R.A.; Bazaid, F.M.; Bafail, A.S.; Essa, A.B.; Bakrain, M.Y. url  openurl
  Title The Use of Wet Cupping for Persistent Nonspecific Low Back Pain: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine  
  Volume 21 Issue 8 Pages 504-508  
  Keywords BACKACHE -- Treatment; ACETAMINOPHEN -- Therapeutic use; ACUPUNCTURE points; ALTERNATIVE medicine; CLINICAL trials; CONFIDENCE intervals; PROBABILITY theory; SAMPLING (Statistics); SCALE analysis (Psychology); Statistics; STATISTICAL power analysis; DATA analysis; QI (Chinese philosophy); PAIN measurement; RANDOMIZED controlled trials; TREATMENT effectiveness; PRE-tests & post-tests; MEDICAL suction; DATA analysis -- Software; FUNCTIONAL assessment; DESCRIPTIVE statistics; SAUDI Arabia  
  Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of wet cupping therapy as a single treatment for persistent nonspecific low back pain (PNSLBP). Design: Randomized controlled trial comparing wet cupping versus no treatment in PNSLBP. Setting: Outpatient clinic in three secondary care hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Patients: Eighty eligible participants with PNSLBP for at least 3 months were randomly allocated to an intervention group ( n=40) or to a control group ( n=40). Interventions: Six wet cupping sessions within 2 weeks, each of which were done at two bladder meridian (BL) acupuncture points among BL23, BL24, and BL25. Only acetaminophen was allowed as a rescue treatment in both groups. Outcome measures: The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), McGill Present Pain Intensity (PPI), and Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) were used as outcome measures. Numbers of acetaminophen tablets taken were compared at 4 weeks from baseline. Adverse events were recorded. Results: At the end of the intervention, statistically significant differences in the three outcome measures favoring the wet cupping group compared with the control group were seen: NRS score, 29.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 24.6-33.8) versus 57.9 (95% CI, 53.3-62.6), respectively; PPI score, 1.17 (95% CI, 0.96-1.4) versus 2.3 (95% CI, 2.1- 2.7); and ODQ score, 19.6 (95% CI, 16.5-22.7) versus 35.4 (95% CI, 32.3-38.5) ( p=0.0001). This improvement continued for another 2 weeks after the end of the intervention. Acetaminophen was used less in the wet cupping group, but this difference was not statistically significant. No adverse events were reported. Conclusions: Wet cupping is potentially effective in reducing pain and improving disability associated with PNSLBP at least for 2 weeks after the end of the wet cupping period. Placebo-controlled trials are needed.  
  Address  
  Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 108593140; Source Information: Aug2015, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p504; Subject Term: BACKACHE -- Treatment; Subject Term: ACETAMINOPHEN -- Therapeutic use; Subject Term: ACUPUNCTURE points; Subject Term: ALTERNATIVE medicine; Subject Term: CLINICAL trials; Subject Term: CONFIDENCE intervals; Subject Term: PROBABILITY theory; Subject Term: SAMPLING (Statistics); Subject Term: SCALE analysis (Psychology); Subject Term: STATISTICS; Subject Term: STATISTICAL power analysis; Subject Term: DATA analysis; Subject Term: QI (Chinese philosophy); Subject Term: PAIN measurement; Subject Term: RANDOMIZED controlled trials; Subject Term: TREATMENT effectiveness; Subject Term: PRE-tests & post-tests; Subject Term: MEDICAL suction; Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Subject Term: FUNCTIONAL assessment; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: ; Geographic Subject: SAUDI Arabia; Geographic Subject: ; Number of Pages: 5p; ; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 2 Charts, 1 Graph; ; Document Type: Article; Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2297  
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Author (up) Albrecht, T.; Wu, S.; Baumann, I.; Plinkert, P.K.; Sertel, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Measurable impact of acupuncture on mucosal swelling of inferior turbinates: a prospective, randomized, controlled study Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Acta Oto-Laryngologica Abbreviated Journal Acta Otolaryngol  
  Volume 135 Issue 2 Pages 169-176  
  Keywords Nasal Mucosa -- Pathology; Turbinates -- Pathology; Acupuncture -- Methods; Rhinitis -- Therapy; Human; Randomized Controlled Trials; Prospective Studies; Visual Analog Scaling; Pretest-Posttest Design; Descriptive Statistics; Academic Medical Centers; Germany; Adult; Middle Age; Aged; Male; Female; Data Analysis Software; Linear Regression; T-Tests; Chi Square Test; McNemar's Test; Fisher's Exact Test; Mann-Whitney U Test; Manometry -- Methods; Diagnosis, Respiratory System  
  Abstract Conclusions: Sham acupuncture turned out to be more effective than expected. The effect of acupuncture cannot be assessed by optical rhinometry (ORM). Objectives: In most cases nasal congestion is caused by hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate as a result of allergic and chronic rhinitis. Topical decongestants cause severe side effects. As a consequence, there is an increasing demand for alternative treatment options such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods: A total of 25 patients with nasal congestion due to hypertrophic inferior turbinate were recruited. The mucosal swelling status of the inferior turbinate was assessed by continuous ORM for 20 min. Patients were asked to score the severity of their nasal congestion on a visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 10 and 20 min after acupuncture. Specific verum acupuncture points related to nasal congestion were tested against non-specific control sham acupuncture points. Results: Sham acupuncture improved VAS scores, whereas ORM measured an increase in nasal swelling. The ORM revealed a quicker onset of the effect of verum acupuncture on the nasal blood flow. Also, verum acupuncture reaches its maximum effect in a shorter time period, so that the net reaction time was much shorter. However, ORM could not prove a decongestant effect of verum acupuncture on inferior turbinate.  
  Address Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany  
  Publisher Taylor & Francis Ltd
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 103872939. Language: English. Entry Date: 20150115. Revision Date: 20160725. Publication Type: Journal Article; pictorial; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Allied Health; Biomedical; Continental Europe; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed. Special Interest: Speech-Language Pathology/Audiology. NLM UID: 0370354. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103872939 Serial 2336  
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Author (up) Alecrim-Andrade, J.; iel-Junior, J.; Cladellas, X.; Correa-Filho, H.; Machado, H. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in migraine prophylaxis: a randomized sham-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache Abbreviated Journal Cephalalgia  
  Volume 26 Issue 5 Pages 520-529  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Penetrating Sham; Migraine; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Headache Disorders  
  Abstract The purpose of the present trial was to evaluate semi-standardized acupuncture efficacy in migraine prophylaxis. Twenty-eight subjects with migraine were randomized to the real or sham acupuncture groups. Semi-standardized and standardized minimal acupuncture were used, respectively, in the two groups of patients. They were all treated with 16 acupuncture sessions in 12 weeks. Both groups exhibited similar reductions in: percentage of patients with reduction of migraine >/= 40% and >/= 50% regarding frequency of migraine attacks, days with migraine, frequency of migraine attacks, average duration of a migraine attack, rate of rescue medication used, average headache severity rate and other parameters compared with the baseline period. Associated symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, also showed equal estimates in both groups. These findings showed that semi-standardized acupuncture shows no difference from sham acupuncture in preventing migraine attacks  
  Address Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Medicina Interna, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 28  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score 77  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 11  
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Author (up) Alecrim-Andrade, J.; Maciel-Junior, J. A.; Carne, X.; Vasconcelos, G. M.S.; Correa-Filho, H. R. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in migraine prevention: a randomized sham controlled study with 6-months posttreatment follow-up Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication The Clinical journal of pain Abbreviated Journal Clin J Pain  
  Volume 24 Issue 2 Pages 98-105  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; Analgesia; AcuTrials; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Migraine; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Headache Disorders  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of acupuncture in migraine prophylaxis. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with migraine were enrolled in a randomized control trial at the Headache clinic located in a University Hospital. Real and sham acupuncture groups received 16 acupuncture sessions over 3 months. Treatment was individualized in the real acupuncture group and minimal acupuncture was used in the sham group. The primary end point was the percentage of patients with a >or=50% reduction in their migraine attack frequency in the second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth (months) compared with the first one (baseline period). Primary and secondary end points were measured comparing headache diaries. RESULTS: Real acupuncture group showed improvement with significant differences compared with the sham acupuncture group in the primary efficacy end point (P=0.021) at the second month of the treatment. Differences also appeared in 2 secondary end points: number of days with migraine per month (P=0.007) in the second month and the percentage of patients with >or=40% reduction in migraine attack frequency in the first (P=0.044) and second months (P=0.004) of the treatment. These differences disappeared in the third (last) month of the treatment as a consequence of the high improvement of the sham acupuncture group. Comparisons within each group showed that several migraine parameters evaluated improved significantly in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Individualized treatment based on traditional Chinese medicine plays a role in preventing migraine attacks. Nevertheless, sham acupuncture had similar effects. Major conclusions were limited by the small sample sizes however the observed trends may contribute to design future trials  
  Address Department of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain. jalecrim@uol.com.br  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 37  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 12  
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Author (up) Alexander, D. N.; Cen, S.; Sullivan, K. J.; Bhavnani, G.; Ma, X.; Azen, S. P. url  openurl
  Title Effects of acupuncture treatment on poststroke motor recovery and physical function: a pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Neurorehabilitation and neural repair Abbreviated Journal Neurorehabil Neural Repair  
  Volume 18 Issue 4 Pages 259-267  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; Stroke; AcuTrials; Motor Function; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Usual Care Control, Physical; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract This pilot study obtained preliminary data on the effects of acupuncture treatment combined with a standard inpatient stroke rehabilitation program on poststroke motor recovery and physical function. Thirty-two patients with acute stroke were recruited and randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: standard rehabilitation (control group) or a combination of acupuncture and standard rehabilitation (acupuncture group). Baseline and discharge assessments were obtained on motor recovery as measured by the Fugl-Meyer (FM) Assessment and on physical function as measured by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Comparisons were made between the acupuncture and control group in total FM and FIM as well as for each subscale of the FM and FIM. No differences between treatment groups were found in the total FM or the total FIM. However, statistically significant benefit due to acupuncture was observed for the FM lower extremity motor function subscale (P = 0.01) and the tub/shower transfer mobility subscale of the FIM (P = 0.03). Marginally significant benefit due to acupuncture was noted for the toilet transfer mobility subscale of the FIM (P = 0.09). The effectiveness of acupuncture as an adjunct to standard poststroke rehabilitation programs may be demonstrated when more specific measures of stroke motor recovery and physical function are used  
  Address Daniel Freeman Memorial Hospital, Inglewood, CA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 32  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Stroke
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score 62  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 13  
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Author (up) Alimi, D.; Rubino, C.; Pichard-Leandri, E. url  openurl
  Title Analgesic Effect of Auricular Acupuncture for Cancer Pain: A Randomized, Blinded, Controlled Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Abbreviated Journal J Clin Oncol  
  Volume 21 Issue 22 Pages 4120-4126  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Other Acupuncture Style; Auricular Acupuncture; Cancer; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Ear Seeds; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; Neoplasms  
  Abstract PURPOSE: During the last 30 years, auricular acupuncture has been used as complementary treatment of cancer pain when analgesic drugs do not suffice. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of auricular acupuncture in decreasing pain intensity in cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients were randomly divided in three groups; one group received two courses of auricular acupuncture at points where an electrodermal signal had been detected, and two placebo groups received auricular acupuncture at points with no electrodermal signal (placebo points) and one with auricular seeds fixed at placebo points. Patients had to be in pain, attaining a visual analog score (VAS) of 30 mm or more after having received analgesic treatment adapted to both intensity and type of pain, for at least 1 month of therapy. Treatment efficacy was based on the absolute decrease in pain intensity measured 2 months after randomization using the VAS. RESULTS: The main outcome was pain assessed at 2 months, with the assessment at 1 month carried over to 2 months for the eight patients who interrupted treatment after 1 month. For three patients, no data were available because they withdrew from the study during the first month. Pain intensity decreased by 36% at 2 months from baseline in the group receiving acupuncture; there was little change for patients receiving placebo (2%). The difference between groups was statistically significant (P <.0001). CONCLUSION: The observed reduction in pain intensity measured on the VAS represents a clear benefit from auricular acupuncture for these cancer patients who are in pain, despite stable analgesic treatment  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Pain
  Disease Category Neoplasms OCSI Score 80  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 14  
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