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Author (up) Itoh, K.; Hirota, S.; Katsumi, Y.; Ochi, H.; Kitakoji, H. url  openurl
  Title A pilot study on using acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA) Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication Chinese medicine [electronic resource] Abbreviated Journal Chin Med  
  Volume 3 Issue Pages 2-  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Arthritis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Osteoarthritis, Knee; Pain; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; TCM Acupuncture Style; TENS; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; TENS  
  Abstract ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The present study tests whether a combined treatment of acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is more effective than acupuncture or TENS alone for treating knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Thirty-two patients with knee OA were randomly allocated to four groups. The acupuncture group (ACP) received only acupuncture treatment at selected acupoints for knee pain; the TENS group (TENS) received only TENS treatment at pain areas; the acupuncture and TENS group (A&T) received both acupuncture and TENS treatments; the control group (CT) received topical poultice (only when necessary). Each group received specific weekly treatment five times during the study. Outcome measures were pain intensity in a visual analogue scale (VAS) and knee function in terms of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). RESULTS: The ACP, TENS and A&T groups reported lower VAS and WOMAC scores than the control group. Significant reduction in pain intensity (P = 0.039) and significant improvement in knee function (P = 0.008) were shown in the A&T group. CONCLUSION: Combined acupuncture and TENS treatment was effective in pain relief and knee function improvement for the sampled patients suffering from knee OA  
  Address Department of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Meiji University of Oriental Medicine, Kyoto 629-0392, Japan.  
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up 10 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 32  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Osteoarthritis, Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 506  
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