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Author (up) Akimoto, T.; Nakahori, C.; Aizawa, K.; Kimura, F.; Fukubayashi, T.; Kono, I. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture and Responses of Immunologic and Endocrine Markers during Competition Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Medicine and science in sports and exercise Abbreviated Journal Med Sci Sports Exerc  
  Volume 35 Issue 8 Pages 1296-1302  
  Keywords Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Athletes; Electroacupuncture; Exercise; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; No Treatment Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sports Medicine; TCM Acupuncture Style; Athletic Performance  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION Acupuncture is used to modulate the physical well-being of athletes in Asian countries. However, there is little information on the immediate effects of acupuncture treatment on physiological or psychological responses to exercise.PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acupuncture treatment on the physical well-being of elite female soccer players during a competition period.METHODS Subjects were divided into two groups: those who received acupuncture treatment (18.1 +/- 2.3 yr [+/-SD], N = 9) and a control group (17.7 +/- 2.8 yr, N = 12). In the treatment group, acupuncture stimulus was applied at LI 4 (Goukoku), ST 36 (Ashi-sanri) for 20 min, and ST 6 (Kyosya), LU 6 (Ko-sai) points for 15 min 4 h after the game every night during the competition period. The measured parameters included salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) level, cortisol level in saliva, subjective rating of physical well-being, and profile of mood states (POMS).RESULTS The following were the main results: 1) Exercise-induced decrease of salivary SIgA and increase of salivary cortisol were inhibited by acupuncture. 2) Acupuncture improved subjective rating of muscle tension and fatigue. 3) The POMS score was modulated by acupuncture.CONCLUSION These results support the effectiveness of acupuncture for physical and mental well-being of athletes  
  Address 1Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, JAPAN; 2Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, JAPAN; and  
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 21  
  Time in Treatment 3 Days Condition Athletic Performance
  Disease Category OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 9  
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