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Author (up) Trumpler, F.; Oez, S.; Stahli, P.; Brenner, H. D.; Juni, P. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal: A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Alcohol  
  Volume 38 Issue 4 Pages 369-375  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Laser Acupuncture; Nogier Acupunture Style; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Sham Laser; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Verum Acupoint Control; Alcoholism; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcohol-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: and Aims: Previous trials on acupuncture in alcohol addiction were in outpatients and focused on relapse prevention. Rates of dropout were high and interpretation of results difficult. We compared auricular laser and needle acupuncture with sham laser stimulation in reducing the duration of alcohol withdrawal. METHODS: Inpatients undergoing alcohol withdrawal were randomly allocated to laser acupuncture (n = 17), needle acupuncture (n = 15) or sham laser stimulation (n = 16). Attempts were made to blind patients, therapists and outcome assessors, but this was not feasible for needle acupuncture. The duration of withdrawal symptoms (as assessed using a nurse-rated scale) was the primary outcome; the duration of sedative prescription was the secondary outcome. RESULTS: Patients randomized to laser and sham laser had identical withdrawal symptom durations (median 4 days). Patients randomized to needle stimulation had a shorter duration of withdrawal symptoms (median 3 days; P = 0.019 versus sham intervention), and tended to have a shorter duration of sedative use, but these differences diminished after adjustment for baseline differences. CONCLUSIONS: The data from this pilot trial do not suggest a relevant benefit of auricular laser acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal. A larger trial including adequate sham interventions is needed, however, to reliably determine the effectiveness of any type of auricular acupuncture in this condition  
  Address Psychiatric Hospital Munsingen, 3110 Munsingen, Department of Complementary Medicine (KIKOM), Inselspital, University of Berne, 3010 Berne, Department of Social and Community Psychiatry, University of Berne, Laupenstrasse 49, 3010 Berne, Switzerland,  
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 48  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 85  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1182  
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