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Author (up) Asher, G. N.; Coeytaux, R. R.; Chen, W.; Reilly, A. C.; Loh, Y. L.; Harper, T. C. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture to initiate labor (Acumoms 2): A randomized, sham-controlled clinical trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of maternal-fetal and neonatal medicine Abbreviated Journal J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Labor, Induced; Penetrating Sham; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Unspecified; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Labor, Obstetric; Obstetric Surgical Procedures  
  Abstract Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture for labor stimulation. Methods. Nulliparous women at 38 weeks or greater were randomized to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or usual care only groups. Acupuncture points LI4, SP6, BL32, and BL54 were needled bilaterally. The primary outcome was time from enrollment to delivery. Secondary outcomes included rates of spontaneous labor and cesarean delivery. Medical records were abstracted for maternal demographic, medical, and delivery outcome data. ANOVA, Student's t-test, Chi-square, and Kaplan-Meier statistics were used to compare groups. Results. Eighty-nine women were enrolled and randomized. Maternal age, gestational age, prior acupuncture experience, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, gravida, and history of gynecological surgery were similar among the groups. There were no statistically significant differences among groups for time from enrollment to delivery (p = 0.20), rates of spontaneous labor (p = 0.66), or rates of cesarean delivery (p = 0.37). Rates of maternal and neonatal outcomes were not significantly different. Conclusion. TCM acupuncture was not effective in initiating spontaneous labor or reducing the rate of cesarean delivery compared with sham acupuncture or usual medical care  
  Address Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA  
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 89  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Labor, Induced
  Disease Category Obstetric Surgical Procedures OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 39  
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