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Author (up) Michalek-Sauberer, A.; Gusenleitner, E.; Gleiss, A.; Tepper, G.; Deusch, E. url  openurl
  Title Auricular acupuncture effectively reduces state anxiety before dental treatment-a randomised controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Clinical oral investigations Abbreviated Journal Clin Oral Investig  
  Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 1517-1522  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Stomatognathic Diseases; Anxiety; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Auricular Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Non Specific Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyse whether auricular acupuncture, acupuncture at the outer ear, could reduce state anxiety before dental treatment. METHODS: This prospective, randomised patient-blinded study with 182 patients compared anxiety before dental treatment following auricular acupuncture at the relaxation-, tranquillizer- and master cerebral points (auricular acupuncture group) versus acupuncture at sham points (finger-, shoulder- and tonsil points; sham group) and a non-intervention control group. Anxiety was assessed using the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory (German version) before auricular acupuncture and 20 min thereafter, immediately before dental treatment. RESULTS: Auricular acupuncture reduced state anxiety score more effectively from 54.7 +/- 10.8 to 46.9 +/- 10.4 (mean +/- SD) than sham acupuncture from 51.9 +/- 10.2 to 48.4 +/- 10.0. In contrast, state anxiety in the control group increased from 51.0 +/- 11.7 to 54.0 +/- 11.6 (mean increase +3.0; CI +4.7 to +1.2). The decrease in state anxiety in both intervention groups was statistically significant (p < 0.001) when compared to the non-intervention control group. After correcting for group differences in baseline state anxiety, the reduction in anxiety was -7.3 score points (CI -9.0 to -5.6) in the auricular acupuncture group and -3.7 score points (CI -5.4 to -1.9) in the sham group (p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Auricular acupuncture, a minimally invasive method, effectively reduces state anxiety before dental treatment. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Auricular acupuncture could be an option for patients scheduled for dental treatment, who experience an uncomfortable degree of anxiety and request an acute intervention for their anxiety.  
  Address Department of Special Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Austria, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria. andrea.michalek-sauberer@meduniwien.ac.at.  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 182  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Dental Anxiety
  Disease Category Stomatognathic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 868  
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