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Author (up) Karst, M.; Winterhalter, M.; Munte, S.; Francki, B.; Hondronikos, A.; Eckardt, A.; Hoy, L.; Buhck, H.; Bernateck, M.; Fink, M. url  openurl
  Title Auricular acupuncture for dental anxiety: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Current researches in anesthesia & analgesia Abbreviated Journal Curr Res Anesth Analg  
  Volume 104 Issue 2 Pages 295-300  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Anesthesia; Anxiety; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Mental Disorders; No Treatment Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Psychological Disorders; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tooth Extraction  
  Abstract Auricular acupuncture can be an effective treatment for acute anxiety, but there is a lack of direct comparisons of acupuncture to proven standard drug treatments. In this study we compared the efficacy of auricular acupuncture with intranasal midazolam, placebo acupuncture, and no treatment for reducing dental anxiety. Patients having dental extractions (n = 67) were randomized to (i) auricular acupuncture, (ii) placebo acupuncture, and (iii) intranasal midazolam and compared with a no treatment group. Anxiety was assessed before the interventions, at 30 min, and after the dental extraction. Physiological variables were assessed continuously. With the no treatment group as control, the auricular acupuncture group, and the midazolam group were significantly less anxious at 30 min as compared with patients in the placebo acupuncture group (Spielberger Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory X1, P = 0.012 and <0.001, respectively). In addition, patient compliance assessed by the dentist was significantly improved if auricular acupuncture or application of intranasal midazolam had been performed (P = 0.032 and 0.049, respectively). In conclusion, both, auricular acupuncture and intranasal midazolam were similarly effective for the treatment of dental anxiety  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Clinic, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. karst.matthias@mh-hannover.de  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 67  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Dental Anxiety
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score 86  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 557  
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