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Author (up) Bier, I. D.; Wilson, J.; Studt, P.; Shakleton, M. url  openurl
  Title Auricular acupuncture, education, and smoking cessation: a randomized, sham-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication American journal of public health Abbreviated Journal Am J Public Health  
  Volume 92 Issue 10 Pages 1642-1647  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Smoking Cessation; Standard Needling Depth; Usual Care Control, Educational; Substance-Related Disorders; Tobacco Use Disorder; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of acupuncture alone and in combination with education on smoking cessation and cigarette consumption. METHODS: We prospectively studied 141 adults in a quasi-factorial design using acupuncture, sham acupuncture, and education. RESULTS: All groups showed significant reductions in smoking and posttreatment cigarette consumption, with the combined acupuncture-education group showing the greatest effect from treatment. The trend continued in follow-up; however, significant differences were not maintained. Greater pack-year history (i.e. the number of years smoking multiplied by baseline number of cigarettes smoked per year, divided by 20 cigarettes per pack) negatively correlated with treatment effect. Trend analysis suggested 20 pack-years as the cutoff point for this correlation. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture and education, alone and in combination, significantly reduce smoking; however, combined they show a significantly greater effect, as seen in subjects with a greater pack-year history  
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 67 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 141  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Tobacco Use Disorder
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 65  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 73  
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