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Author (up) Chan, Y.-Y.; Lo, W.-Y.; Li, T.-C.; Shen, L.-J.; Yang, S.-N.; Chen, Y.-H.; Lin, J.-G. url  doi
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  Title Clinical Efficacy of Acupuncture as an Adjunct to Methadone Treatment Services for Heroin Addicts: A Randomized Controlled Trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication American Journal of Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal Am J Chinese Med  
  Volume 42 Issue 3 Pages 569-586  
  Keywords Substance Abusers; Heroin; Methadone -- Administration and Dosage; Neoadjuvant Therapy -- Methods; Electroacupuncture -- Utilization; Human; Randomized Controlled Trials; Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36); Questionnaires; Taiwan; Chi Square Test; Descriptive Statistics; Data Analysis Software; Analysis of Variance; Paired T-Tests; Step-Wise Multiple Regression; Male; Adult; Female; Funding Source  
  Abstract Scant scientific evidence supports the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of opiate dependence. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of acupuncture for heroin addicts on methadone maintenance by measuring the daily consumption of methadone, variations in the 36-item Short Form Health Survey-36 (SF-36) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, and heroin craving. Sixty heroin addicts were randomly assigned to true acupuncture (electroacupuncture at the Hegu [LI4] and Zusanli [ST36] acupoints, as well as acupuncture at the Ear Shenmen) or sham acupuncture (minimal acupuncture at the Hegu and Zusanli acupoints without electrical stimulation and superficial acupuncture at the Ear Shenmen), twice weekly for 4 weeks. From week 2 onwards, the daily dose of methadone was reduced by a significantly greater amount with true acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture. True acupuncture was also associated with a greater improvement in sleep latency at follow-up. All adverse events were mild in severity. Acupuncture appears to be a useful adjunct to methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) in heroin addiction.  
  Address Graduate Institute of Acupuncture Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan  
  Publisher World Scientific Publishing Company
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 103951748. Language: English. Entry Date: 20140603. Revision Date: 20150710. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Peer Reviewed; USA. Special Interest: Military/Uniformed Services; Psychiatry/Psychology. Instrumentation: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Grant Information: This work was supported by grant NSC 100-2320-B-039-029-MY2 from the National Science Council, Taipei, Taiwan.. NLM UID: 7901431. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103951748 Serial 2362  
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