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Author (up) Jin, C.; Zhou, X.; Pang, R. url  doi
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  Title Effect of electroacupuncture combined with tolterodine on treating female mixed urinary incontinence Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of wound, ostomy, and continence nursing : official publication of The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society / WOCN Abbreviated Journal J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs  
  Volume 41 Issue 3 Pages 268-272  
  Keywords RCT; Urologic Diseases; Urinary Incontinence; Acu + Usual Care Versus CAM; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Acu Versus Acu; CAM Control; Women's Health  
  Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of combination therapy of electroacupuncture and tolterodine in treating female patients with mixed urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one women with mixed urinary incontinence were recruited to receive electroacupuncture therapy or combination therapy with electroacupuncture and tolterodine 2 mg orally twice a day for 8 weeks. In electroacupuncture therapy, the acupoints, including BL32 (Ci Liao), BL35 (Hui Yang), SP6 (San Yin Jiao), and ST36 (Zu San Li), were selected with the stimulation of a low-frequency (20 Hz) disperse-dense wave. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire score, the number of incontinence episodes, and urine leakage were measured before and after the treatment to evaluate the effect. RESULTS: Response rates were 73.5% and 78.4% in electroacupuncture therapy group and in the combination therapy group respectively. No significant differences were found when group outcomes were compared. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire score, the number of incontinence episodes, and urine leakage improved significantly (P < .001) after 8 weeks compared with baseline values in both groups. Significantly more patients in the combination therapy group experienced more than 50% reduction in the number of incontinent episodes than in the electroacupuncture group (75.7% vs 58.8%, P < .01). They also had significantly less urine leakage than those in electroacupuncture therapy group (11.2 +/- 7.6 g vs 15 +/- 9.1 g) (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The effect of electroacupuncture for female mixed urinary incontinence may be enhanced by tolterodine.  
  Address Chunlan Jin, MD, L.Ac., Attending physician, Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and Division of Gynecology, Hospital of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Dong Che  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 71  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Urinary Incontinence
  Disease Category Urologic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 528  
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