||Objective: To explore a method for increasing bone mineral density in the patient with primary osteoporosis. Methods: Sixty-two cases of primary osteoporosis were randomly divided into the acupuncture group of 32 cases and the moxibustion group of 30 cases. They were treated by acupuncture or moxibustion at Zusanli (ST36), Guanyuan (CV4), Pishu (BL20), Shenshu (BL23), Taixi (KI3) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) respectively. Results: Acupuncture or moxibustion both can increase the bone mineral density of lumbar vertebrae (P<0.01, P<0.05), with acupuncture being better than that of moxibustion (P<0.05). Conclusion: The therapeutic effects of acupuncture is superior to that of moxibustion in treatment of primary osteoporosis.