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Author (up) Kvist, L. J.; Wilde, Larsson B.; Hall-Lord, M. L.; Rydhstroem, H. url  openurl
  Title Effects of acupuncture and care interventions on the outcome of inflammatory symptoms of the breast in lactating women Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal Int Nurs Rev  
  Volume 51 Issue 1 Pages 56-64  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Lactation Disorders; Mastitis; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Pregnancy Complications;  
  Abstract Objective: To compare modes of care and treatment for lactating women with inflammatory symptoms of the breast, with special focus on the use of acupuncture. Method: Eighty-eight mothers were randomized into three treatment groups. All three groups were given advice regarding emptying of the breasts and care in the form of comfort interventions. Acupuncture was included in the treatment regime for two of the groups. A severity index was created by adding together scores for signs and symptoms: breast tension, erythema and pain. Findings: Mothers in all groups expressed relative satisfaction with the breastfeeding situation despite considerable discomfort. There was no significant difference between the groups for the number of mothers requiring more than three contact days for recovery nor for their severity index scores on day 3. These findings must be interpreted with care but may suggest that care interventions play as great a part in the recovery of these women as acupuncture treatment or the use of oxytocin spray. Antibiotic therapy was used in 9% of the study population, which is in contrast to other studies. Proposed future action: Based on these results, a new study has been designed to test the hypothesis that acupuncture hastens recovery from inflammatory processes in the lactating breast and approximately 200 mothers will be randomized in a new expanded study  
  Address 1 Care Development Midwife and Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital of Helsingborg, Sweden Associate Professor, and Senior Lecturer, Institution for Health and Care, University of Karlstad, Sweden  
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 3 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 88  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Mastitis
  Disease Category Pregnancy Complications OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 608  
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