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Author (up) Sandberg, M.; Wijma, K.; Wyon, Y.; Nedstrand, E.; Hammar, M.
Title Effects of electro-acupuncture on psychological distress in postmenopausal women Type of Study RCT
Year 2002 Publication Complementary therapies in medicine Abbreviated Journal Complement Ther Med
Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 161-169
Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Climacteric; Depression; Depressive Disorder; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Menopause; Mental Disorders; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Climacteric; Postmenopause
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of electro-acupuncture (EA) on general psychological distress and relate to experience of climacteric symptoms in 30 postmenopausal women. DESIGN: A randomised single-blind controlled design was used to evaluate effects of EA and extremely superficial needle insertion, with the latter serving as a near-placebo control. SETTINGS: The Linkoping University Hospital in Sweden. Interventions: Fourteen treatments during 12 weeks with follow-ups at 3 and 6 months. OUTCOME MEASURES: General psychological well-being, mood and experience of climacteric symptoms. RESULTS: Mood Scale improved only in EA group and not until 12 weeks compared to baseline, from 110 to 129 (P = 0.01), and to 120 at 3-month follow-up (P = 0.04). Mood was significantly better than control at 8 (P = 0.05) and 12 weeks (P = 0.01). Visual analogue scale estimation of climacteric symptoms was decreased at 4 weeks in both groups, and lasted throughout the study period, in EA group from 5 to 2 (P = 0.04) and in control group from 5 to 3 (P = 0.02) at 6-month follow-up. Well-being was ameliorated from 4 weeks in EA and from 8 weeks in control group until end of study (P = 0.01, P = 0.03). No significant differences on climacteric symptoms or well-being existed between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study does not show that EA is better than superficial needle insertion for the amelioration of general psychological distress and experience of climacteric symptoms in women with vasomotor symptoms after menopause. However, the more pronounced effect on mood suggests that EA might have additional effects compared with superficial needle insertion
Address Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden. margareta.sandberg@lio.se
Language Number of Treatments 14
Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 30
Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Postmenopause
Disease Category Climacteric OCSI Score 72
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 1013
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