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Author (up) Fassoulaki, A.; Paraskeva, A.; Patris, K.; Pourgiezi, T.; Kostopanagiotou, G. openurl 
  Title Pressure applied on the extra 1 acupuncture point reduces bispectral index values and stress in volunteers Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Anesth Analg Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 96 Issue 3 Pages 885-90, table of content  
  Keywords Healthy Subjects; Rct; Cross-Over Design; Stress, Psychological; Acu Versus Sham; Acupressure; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract We investigated the effect of pressure application on the acupuncture point “extra 1” and on a control point on the bispectral index (BIS) values and on stress in 25 volunteers. In each volunteer, pressure was applied on the extra 1 point for 10 min and on a control point for 5 min on different days and in a randomized manner. The BIS value was recorded before applying pressure on the extra 1 point, during pressure application every 30 s for 10 min, and after pressure release. Regarding the control point, BIS values were recorded for 5 instead of 10 min during pressure application because acupressure on that point was associated with an unpleasant feeling. Each volunteer was asked to score stress before and after pressure application from 0 to 10. The BIS values were significantly reduced 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 min during pressure application on the extra 1 point (P < 0.001 for each comparison, respectively) and returned to the baseline values after pressure release. Pressure application on the control point decreased BIS values (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05 at 2.5 and 5 min, respectively). However, these values were maintained close to 90% and were significantly higher than those obtained during pressure on the extra 1 point (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001 for the 2.5- and 5-min comparisons). The verbal sedation score values obtained after pressure application on the extra 1 point were also lower when compared with the values obtained after pressure application on the control point (P < 0.001). IMPLICATIONS: This crossover study investigated the effect of pressure application on the acupuncture “extra 1” point in healthy volunteers. Acupressure applied for 10 min on the extra 1 point significantly reduced the BIS values and the verbal stress score when compared with acupressure applied on a control point.  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology, Aretaieion Hospital, Athens, Greece. afassoul@otenet.gr  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 25  
  Time in Treatment 2 Days Condition Stress, Psychological
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 9/22/2015; Date Modified: 9/22/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Stress, Psychological; Department of Anesthesiology, Aretaieion Hospital, Athens, Greece. afassoul@otenet.gr; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12598279 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1499  
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