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Author (up) Linde, K.; Vickers, A.; Hondras, M.; ter Riet, G.; Thormahlen, J.; Berman, B.; Melchart, D. url  openurl
  Title Systematic reviews of complementary therapies – an annotated bibliography. Part 1: Acupuncture Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2001 Publication Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 3-  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Asthma; Emesis; Homeopathy; Nausea; Pain; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Rheumatic Diseases; Sham Control; Smoking Cessation; Systematic Review; Tinnitus; Acupuncture  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Complementary therapies are widespread but controversial. We aim to provide a comprehensive collection and a summary of systematic reviews of clinical trials in three major complementary therapies (acupuncture, herbal medicine, homeopathy). This article is dealing with acupuncture. Potentially relevant reviews were searched through the register of the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field, the Cochrane Library, Medline, and bibliographies of articles and books. To be included articles had to review prospective clinical trials of acupuncture; had to describe review methods explicitly; had to be published; and had to focus on treatment effects. Information on conditions, interventions, methods, results and conclusions was extracted using a pretested form and summarized descriptively. RESULTS: From a total of 48 potentially relevant reviews preselected in a screeening process 39 met the inclusion criteria. 22 were on various pain syndromes or rheumatic diseases. Other topics addressed by more than one review were addiction, nausea, asthma and tinnitus. Almost unanimously the reviews state that acupuncture trials include too few patients. Often included trials are heterogeneous regarding patients, interventions and outcome measures, are considered to have insufficient quality and contradictory results. Convincing evidence is available only for postoperative nausea, for which acupuncture appears to be of benefit, and smoking cessation, where acupuncture is no more effective than sham acupuncture. CONCLUSIONS: A large number of systematic reviews on acupuncture exists. What is most obvious from these reviews is the need for (the funding of) well-designed, larger clinical trials  
  Address Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, Department of Internal Medicine II, Technische Universitat, Munchen, Kaiserstr 9, 80801 Munchen, Germany. Klaus.Linde@lrz.tu-muenchen.de  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Pain
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 730  
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