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Author Sertel, S.; Bergmann, Z.; Ratzlaff, K.; Baumann, I.; Greten, H. J.; Plinkert, P. K. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for nasal congestion: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Sinusitis; Nasal Congestion; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Acu Versus Acu; AcuTrials; Respiratory Tract Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Nasal congestion is one of the most common complaints dealt with in otorhinolaryngology. Side effects of decongestants are frequently seenin patients with chronic nasal congestion. This leads to an increasing demand of alternative treatments such as acupuncture. Future studies on acupuncture should aim at objectifying effects by both physical measuring and double blinding. Therefore, we were interested in whether these effects can potentially be measured as increase in nasal airflow (NAF) in ventus (“wind”) disease of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).METHODS: Twenty-four patients with a history of nasal congestion due to hypertrophic inferior turbinates or chronic sinusitis without polyposis wereadditionally diagnosed according to the Heidelberg model of TCM. They were asked to score the severity of their nasal congestion on a visual analog scale(VAS). The acupuncturist was blinded according to the Heidelberg blinding assay. NAF was measured by using active anterior rhinomanometry (ARM).Specific verum acupoints according to the Chinese medical diagnosis were tested against nonspecific control acupoints. VAS and NAF were scored andmeasured before and 15 and 30 minutes after acupuncture.RESULTS: Control acupuncture showed a significant improvement in VAS and a deterioration of NAF. Verum acupuncture showed highly significantimprovements in VAS and NAF. In addition, verum acupuncture improved NAF and VAS significantly over time.CONCLUSION: Our control and verum acupoints fulfill the condition of a control and verum treatment, respectively. Measuring NAF by RRM and scoringVAS are possible and reflect acupuncture effects in vivo  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Sinusitis
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1030  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Yin, H.; Wang, S. openurl 
  Title Effect of Acupuncture at Shenmai (BL 62) and Zhaohai (KI 6) on Polysomnography of Primary Insomnia Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 22 Issue 3 Pages 114-116  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Sleep Disorders; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; No Treatment Control  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the effect of acupuncture at Shenmai (13L 62) and Zhaohai (K1 6) on polysomnography (PSG) in primary insomnia. Methods: 120 patients were randomly divided into 3 groups, with group A receiving acupuncture at Shenmai (BL 62) with reducing method, group B receiving acupuncture at Zhaohai (KI 6) with enhancing method, and group C receiving acupuncture at Shenmai (BL 62) and Zhaohai (KI 6) with reducing and enhancing method, respectively. Forty healthy volunteers were enrolled as the control group. PSG examination was given to patients in both groups before and after treatment. Self-controlled study was conducted in the treatment group, and the change of indicators in the three treatment groups and between all four groups were compared and observed. Results: Significant difference was observed in indicators before and after treatment in both group A and B (P < 0.05), but influence on sleep cycle and sleep structure was different. All indicators before and after treatment in group C showed significant difference (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Comparing with group A, B and C, a significant difference was observed in the indicators (P< 0.05 or P‹ 0.01) after treatment compared with control group. Group C showed no significant difference (P> 0.05) compared with control group after treatment. Conclusion: the acupuncture combination of Zhaohai (KI 6) and Shenmai (BL 62) could obviously improve the sleep quality.  
  Address Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong, China.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 160  
  Time in Treatment 7 Weeks Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder
  Disease Category Sleep Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1814  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Chapman, C.R.; Wilson, M.E.; Gehrig, J.D. openurl 
  Title Comparative effects of acupuncture and transcutaneous stimulation on the perception of painful dental stimuli Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1976 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 2 Issue 3 Pages 265-283  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; Rct; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Tens; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract The effects of acupunctural stimulation on the perception of induced dental pain were compared with those of placebo acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) at an acupuncture site. Each of 4 groups of 15 subjects received one of the following treatments: acupuncture, placebo acupuncture, TES, or control conditions. Every subject was tested twice, once in a baseline session and on another day in a test session. Four levels of painful dental stimuli were delivered repeatedly and in random order to each subject in each session, who rated the perceived intensity of each stimulus on a pain category scale. All three treatment groups showed a significant reduction in magnitude of stimulus ratings after treatment. A Sensory Decision Theory analysis of the data was employed to assess the sensory sensitivity of each subject to each of 4 levels of dental stimulation and the willingness of the subject to label the strongest stimulus as painful. Acupuncture and TES groups showed a small but significant sensory analgesic response to treatment and a significant reduction in willingness to identify the strongest stimulus as painful when contrasted to controls, but placebo acupuncture subjects failed to show significant change on either of the response measures. The effects of acupuncture were most pronounced at the lowest level of stimulation, while TES affected the perception of all levels of dental stimuli. The observed effects appeared to be small, reliable, and dependent on the stimulation of a particular anatomical locus.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 8/6/2015; Date Modified: 8/20/2015; Priority: Normal; Anesthesia and Analgesia; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=800251 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1521  
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Author Lynn, B.; Perl, E.R. openurl 
  Title Failure of Acupuncture to Produce Localized Changes in Subjective Cold Pain Ratings Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1976 Publication Advances in Pain Research and Therapy Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 755-759  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; RCT; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract In a previous study (7,8) it was found that acupuncture produced only small, widely spread increases in pain threshold and decreases in pinprick discrimination. It seemed possible that our failure to find the spatial pattern of changes predicted by acupuncturists was because of using tests that involved only threshold levels of pain, and that tests involving stronger stimulation might reveal a different pattern of changes. The publication of a number of reports (2,4,10,11) which claimed that suprathreshold pain assessments were reduced by acupuncture of traditional points, but not by acupuncture at “placebo” points, further encouraged us to reexamine the efficiency of acupuncture using similar tests. A method for producing graded cold pain at a variety of places on the body surface was therefore developed. The results obtained using it to study changes during acupuncture are reported herein.  
  Address Department of Physiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine. Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1909  
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Author Schliessbach, J.; van der, K. lift E.; Arendt-Nielsen, L.; Curatolo, M.; Streitberger, K. openurl 
  Title The effect of brief electrical and manual acupuncture stimulation on mechanical experimental pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Pain Med Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 268  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Healthy Subjects; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus Sham; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although manual and electrical stimulation are frequently used in acupuncture analgesia, studies comparing both stimulation modalities are contradictory. This blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over study investigates effects of brief manual and electrical acupuncture stimulation on pressure pain detection thresholds (PPDT) compared with nonpenetrating sham acupuncture (NPSA). INTERVENTIONS: Forty-five healthy volunteers received electrically and manually stimulated acupuncture and NPSA at large intestine 4 and 11 in randomized order. PPDT was assessed using pressure algometry at the second toe before; during; and 0, 2, and 5 minutes after each intervention. Stimulus intensity during stimulation was rated on a 0-10 numeric rating scale (NRS). RESULTS: PPDT rose from 316 kPa (standard deviation [SD] 149) to 398 kPa (SD 157) and 405 kPa (SD 184) immediately after acupuncture with manual and electrical stimulation, respectively, and to 380 kPa (SD 175) and 367 kPa (SD 168) after NPSA with simulated manual and electrical stimulation, respectively. During the intervention, electroacupuncture produced a higher PPDT increase than any other procedure (P<0.001). Immediately after, both acupuncture procedures were significantly more effective than NPSA (P<0.001) but did not mutually differ (P=0.082). NRS ratings differed significantly: manual acupuncture 4.1, electroacupuncture 2.7, manual NPSA 2.5, electro-NPSA 1.2 (P<0.001 except for electroacupuncture vs manual NPSA, P=0.271). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture produced higher PPDT elevation than manual acupuncture, and acupuncture in general showed significantly greater analgesic effect than NPSA. These effects seem to be short lasting (<5 minutes) in the context of only brief acupuncture. The superiority of acupuncture to NPSA provides further evidence for acupuncture-specific analgesic effects.  
  Address University Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Inselspital Bern, Switzerland. juerg.schliessbach@insel.ch  
  Publisher Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 45  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; University Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Inselspital Bern, Switzerland. juerg.schliessbach@insel.ch; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=21276188 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1638  
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Author Pavao, T.S.; Vianna, P.; Pillat, M.M.; Machado, A.B.; Bauer, M.E. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture is effective to attenuate stress and stimulate lymphocyte proliferation in the elderly Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Neurosci Lett Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 484 Issue 1 Pages 47-50  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Nrct; Stress, Psychological; Immunity, Cellular; Nrct; Geriatrics; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control  
  Abstract Acupuncture has increasingly been used to treat many conditions, including psychiatric disorders and immunological-related disorders. However, the effects of acupuncture as stress management and immune functions in the elderly are largely unclear. Here we investigated the effects of acupuncture on stress-related psychological symptoms and cellular immunity in young adults and elderly subjects. The acupuncture treatment consisted of six sessions and the procedures included the insertion of needles at bilateral acupoints LI4, SP6 and ST36. Psychological variables (depression, anxiety and stress) were investigated by means of self-assessment inventories. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and cultured in vitro to measure mitogen-induced T-cell proliferation as well as cellular sensitivity to dexamethasone. All data were assessed before and after the intervention. Acupuncture was able to significantly reduce depression (p<0.001), anxiety (p<0.001) and stress (p<0.001) scores. The intervention also increased T-cell proliferation, with greater intensity in the elderly group (p=0.004). No changes in cellular sensitivity to dexamethasone were observed following acupuncture. We conclude that acupuncture was efficient to attenuate the psychological distress as well as to increase an important feature of cellular immunosenescence.  
  Address Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 6/25/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Stress, Psychological; Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=20709154 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1642  
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Author Lundeberg, T.; Bondesson, L.; Thomas, M. openurl 
  Title Effect of acupuncture on experimentally induced itch Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1987 Publication Br J Dermatol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 117 Issue 6 Pages 771-777  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Pruritus; NRCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Style; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract The effect of acupuncture on experimentally induced itch was studied in 10 healthy volunteers. Itching was induced by intradermal injections of histamine on the upper arm. 'Placebo-acupuncture', acupuncture and electro-acupuncture at 2 Hz or 80 Hz were applied over the injection site, proximal to the injection site (in the same dermatome) or extrasegmentally (ipsilateral to the injected arm) for a period of 5 min following induction of itch. In addition, the effect of a 5 min period and a 20 min period of stimulation of the skin area prior to the induction of itch were studied. The same periods of stimulation were also applied to extrasegmental points prior to the induction of itch on the arm. Acupuncture and 2 Hz and 80 Hz electro-acupuncture significantly reduced subjective itch intensity when applied intrasegmentally. No significant effects were obtained when stimulation was applied extrasegmentally. The results suggest that acupuncture or electro-acupuncture could be tried in clinical conditions associated with pruritus.  
  Address Department of Physiology II, Karolinska Institutet, S-104 01 Stockholm, Sweden.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 7  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 7 Weeks Condition Pruritus
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Department of Physiology II, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3426954 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1647  
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Author Woo, Y.M.; Lee, M.S.; Nam, Y.; Cho, H.J.; Shin, B.C. openurl 
  Title Effects of contralateral electroacupuncture on brain function: a double-blind, randomized, pilot clinical trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication J Altern Complement Med Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 12 Issue 8 Pages 813-815  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Brain Function; Blind Spot; Rct; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to ascertain the effects of contralateral acupuncture on brain function using blind-spot mapping. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Forty (40) healthy volunteers in whom the right-side blind spot was larger than the left-side one-which indicates lower left-brain function-were randomly assigned into the following two groups in which electroacupuncture was applied to: (1) the contralateral ST36 acupuncture point (right side), and (2) the ipsilateral ST36 acupuncture point (left side). OUTCOME MEASURE: Blind-spot perimetry length was the outcome measure. RESULTS: Electroacupuncture to the contralateral side decreased the blind-spot perimetry length by 5.0 (-9.3 to 0.9) [median (interquartile range, IQR)], whereas that to the ipsilateral side increased the length by 4.5 (-3.7 to 7.8) [median, IQR]. There was significant difference in this length between the two groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that electroacupuncture application increased or decreased the brain function- as assessed by changes to the blind spot-depending on the treatment side: Contralateral-side treatment has a better effect than ipsilateral-side treatment on brain function. However, further randomized studies that include both right- and left-side-enlarged subjects with a sham needle are needed to convincingly show the effects of contralateral acupuncture on brain function.  
  Address Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, National Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 6/25/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, National Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17034288 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1662  
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Author de Sousa, R.A.; Semprini, M.; Vitti, M.; Borsatto, M.C.; Hallak Regalo, S.C. openurl 
  Title Electromyographic evaluation of the masseter and temporal muscles activity in volunteers submitted to acupuncture Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 47 Issue 4-5 Pages 243-250  
  Keywords Nrct; Healthy Subjects; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract AIM: To assess the effect of acupuncture on the temporal and masseter muscles activity employing surface electromyography. METHODS: Thirty volunteers were evaluated according to three groups of acupuncture application: selected local points, selected points at distance and association of local and distant points. Bipolar surface electrodes were positioned bilaterally on the anterior portion of temporal muscle, as well as in the median region of masseter muscle. An electromyograph connected to a computer and a specific software registered the muscular activity before and after acupuncture, in the following experimental conditions: 1- Rest Position (RP); 2- Maximum Intercuspation Clenching (MIC); 3- Bilateral Molar Clenching with Cotton Rolls (BMCCR). The mean values obtained for the activities of the studied muscles were submitted to Analysis of Variance and Tukey complementary test. RESULTS: The electromyographic activity of the studied muscles was lower after the application of the methods of acupuncture in the Rest, and higher after the application of the acupuncture in the Maximum Intercuspation Clenching; the electromyographic activity of the temporal muscle was higher than the masseter muscle in the Rest and lower in the Bilateral molar clenching with cotton rolls; the electromyographic activity showed to be modified after the three used methods of acupuncture in the Maximum Intercuspation Clenching. In this clinical condition, the method of long-distance acupuncture was higher than the application of local needles and the associated method. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture provided alterations in the activity of the studied muscles, favoring conditions of rest and muscular tightness.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 30  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 8/27/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Department of Dental Materials and Prosthesis Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Brazil.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17711042 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1679  
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Author Wu, J.; Liu, B.; Li, N.; Sun, J.; Wang, L.; Wang, L.; Cai, Y.; Ye, Y.; Liu, J.; Wang, Y.; Liu, Z. doi  openurl
  Title Effect and safety of deep needling and shallow needling for functional constipation: a multicenter, randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication Medicine (Baltimore) Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 93 Issue 28 Pages  
  Keywords RCT; Gastrointestinal Diseases; Constipation; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Lactulose; Usual Care Control; Bowel Function  
  Abstract Aupuncture is widely used for functional constipation. Effect of acupuncture might be related to the depth of needling; however, the evidence is limited. This trial aimed to evaluate the effect and safety of deep needling and shallow needling for functional constipation, and to assess if the deep needling and shallow needling are superior to lactulose. We conducted a prospective, superiority-design, 5-center, 3-arm randomized controlled trial. A total of 475 patients with functional constipation were randomized to the deep needling group (237), shallow needling group (119), and lactulose-controlled group (119) in a ratio of 2:1:1. Sessions lasted 30 minutes each time and took place 5 times a week for 4 weeks in 2 acupuncture groups. Participants in the lactulose group took lactulose orally for 16 continuous weeks. The primary outcome was the change from baseline of mean weekly spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs) during week 1 to 4 (changes from the baselines of the weekly SBMs at week 8 and week 16 in follow-up period were also assessed simultaneously). Secondary outcomes were the weekly SBMs of each assessing week, the mean score change from the baseline of constipation-related symptoms over week 1 to 4, and the time to the first SBM. Emergency drug usage and adverse effects were monitored throughout the study.SBMs and constipation-related symptoms were all improved in the 3 groups compared with baseline at each time frame (P<0.01, all). The changes in the mean weekly SBMs over week 1 to 4 were 2 (1.75) in the deep needling group, 2 (1.75) in the shallow needling group, and 2 (2) in the lactulose group (P>0.05, both compared with the lactulose group). The changes of mean weekly SBMs at week 8 and week 16 in the follow-up period were 2 (2), 2 (2.5) in the deep needling group, 2 (3), 1.5 (2.5) in the shallow needling group, and 1 (2), 1 (2) in the lactulose group (P<0.05, all compared with the lactulose group). No significant difference was observed among the 3 groups regarding the score changes of straining, incomplete evacuation, abdominal distention during spontaneous defecating, or Cleveland Clinic Scores over week 1 to 4. However, the lactulose group got better effect than other 2 acupuncture groups in improving stool consistency (P<0.01, both) and shortening the time to the first SBM (P<0.05, both). The percentage of emergency drugs used in the 2 acupuncture groups were both lower than in the lactulose group at each time frame (P<0.01, all). No obvious adverse event was observed in the deep or shallow needling group. Deep and shallow needling at Tianshu (ST25) can improve intestinal function remarkably and safely. Therapeutic effects of deep and shallow needling are not superior to that of lactulose; however, the sustained effects of deep and shallow needling after stopping the acupuncture treatments are superior to the therapeutic effect of lactulose, which might qualify the superiority of deep and shallow needling.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 16 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 475  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Constipation
  Disease Category Gastrointestinal Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 4/7/2015; Date Modified: 5/7/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Constipation; From the Acupuncture Department of Guang'anmen Hospital (JW, YC, YY, JL, YW, ZL); Clinical Evaluation Center (BL), China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing; eng SI – ClinicalTrials.gov/N; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=25526462 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1700  
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Author Lu, J.; Sun, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Clinical Observation of Acupuncture in Treating Pseudobulbar Palsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 8 Issue 6 Pages 344-348  
  Keywords Nervous System Diseases; Pseudobulbar Palsy; RCT; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of needling nape acupoints in the treatment of pseudobulbar palsy. Methods: One hundred and twenty cases of pseudobulbar palsy were randomized into two groups, a treatment group in which 60 cases were treated by needling nape acupoints and a control group in which 60 cases were treated by needling tongue acupoints; after one-month treatment, the clinical symptoms and signs were observed. Results: The cure rate and total effective rate were respectively 41.7% and 90.0% in the treatment group, and respectively 26.7% and 81.7% in the control group, with differences in the cure rate and total effective rate between the two groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: Needling nape acupoints is quite effective to treat pseudobulbar palsy in the relief of clinical symptoms and signs.  
  Address Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 120  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Pseudobulbar Palsy
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 4/2/2015; Availability: --In File-- Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1727  
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Author Leeguo, H. openurl 
  Title Warm Needling Therapy for Sciatica: A Randomized Controlled Trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 9 Issue 3 Pages 193-195  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Back Pain; Sciatica; Musculoskeletal Diseases; RCT; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Warming Needle; Moxibustion; Indirect Moxibustion; Moxa; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; CAM Control  
  Abstract Objective: To assess the clinical effect of warm needling therapy in managing sciatica. Methods: Fifty patients with sciatica were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 25 in each. The treatment group received warm needling therapy, and the control received ordinary acupuncture therapy. The treatment effects were assessed after three treatment sessions. Results: The cured rate and total effective rate were 68.0% and 88.0% respectively in the treatment group, versus 36.0% and 66.0% in the control, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Warm needling therapy can effectively improve the clinical symptoms in managing sciatica, with better effects compared with ordinary acupuncture therapy.  
  Address Acupuncture Center of Swiss, Fribourg, Switzerland  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 50  
  Time in Treatment 3.5 Weeks Condition Sciatica
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 4/2/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Acupuncture Center of Swiss, Fribourg, Swiss Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1733  
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Author Chen, Y.Q.; Lai, X.S. openurl 
  Title Clinical Study Clinical Observation on Combined Warming Needle and Patented Chinese Medicine for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 7 Issue Pages 274-277  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Gastrointestinal Diseases; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; Ibs; Rct; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Warming Needle; Moxa; Moxibustion; Indirect Moxibustion; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Herbal Formula; CAM Control  
  Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and quality of life of combined warming needle and patented Chinese medicine for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) due to liver-qi stagnation with spleen deficiency. Method: Sixty IBS cases were randomized into a treatment or control group by single-blind method. Warming needles on Tianshu (ST 25) and Dachangshu (BL 25) combined with patented Chinese medicine were adopted for cases in the treatment group, whereas the patented Chinese medicine alone was adopted in the control group. Results: The therapeutic efficacies in the two groups did not show substantial differences. The main symptoms were significantly improved after the treatment (P<0.01). After 2 weeks of treatment, the cases in the treatment group obtained a better improvement than the control group (P<0.01, P.<0.05) in the severity or frequency of abdominal pain, abdominal distension, restlessness, insomnia, anxiety, suspiciousness, and loose stools with a sense of incomplete emptying. The patient's quality of life was improved in both groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: Both treatment methods could improve the clinical symptoms and increase the patient's quality of life. The total effective rate in the treatment group was slightly higher than the control group. Also, the combined warming needle and Chinese herbs could improve the main symptoms in a faster way.  
  Address Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong 510405, P. R. China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  Disease Category Gastrointestinal Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 4/2/2015; Date Modified: 5/15/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong 510405, P. R. China Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1735  
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Author Chen, Y.; Wang, C.; Lin, Y. openurl 
  Title Treatment of Prostatalgia by Acupuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 9 Issue 4 Pages 233-236  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Genital Diseases, Male; Prostatitis; Prostatalgia; Rct; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Herbal Formula; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture therapy for prostatalgia. Methods: Sixty subjects were randomized into two groups: an acupuncture group in which 30 cases were treated by acupuncture and a medication group in which the other 30 cases were treated with herbal decoction. The clinical efficacy in these two groups were observed and compared. Results: In the acupuncture group, 5 cases were cured, 12 cases were significantly improved, 11 cases improved and 2 cases failed, and the overall effective rate was 93.3%. In the medication group, 2 cases were cured, 8 cases were significantly improved, 13 cases improved and 7 cases failed, and the overall effective rate was 76.6%; the overall effective rate was higher in the acupuncture group than in the medication group (P<0.05). Moreover, the total score of National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI), and the scores for pain severity, urinary symptoms and quality of life were reduced more significantly in the acupuncture group than in the medication group. Conclusion: Acupuncture is an effective therapy for prostatalgia.  
  Address No. 1 Hospital of Sanming City, Fujian 365000. P. R. China; Hospital of Integrative Chinese and Western Medicine of Sanming City, Fujian 365000, P. R. China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Prostatitis
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Male OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 4/2/2015; Date Modified: 5/15/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Prostatitis; No. 1 Hospital of Sanming City, Fujian 365000. P. R. China; Hospital of Integrative Chinese and Western Medicine of Sanming City, Fujian 365000, P. R. China Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1736  
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Author Cui, M.; Ji, J.Y. openurl 
  Title Clinical Study Observation on Therapeutic Effects of Acupuncture and Tuina in Treatment of Sprains and Strains of Minor Joints at Four Extremities Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 7 Issue Pages 228-230  
  Keywords Sprains and Strains; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Nrct; Acupuncture; Tuina; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Ashi Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of acupuncture at the bony clefts in combination with tuina therapy in the treatment of sprains and strains of minor joints at the four extremities. Methods: Ninety cases of sprains and strains of minor joints at four extremities [including metacarpophalangeal (metatarsophalangeal) joints] were divided randomly into three groups by the consulting order. Acupuncture group, in which 30 cases were treated by acupuncture at the bony clefts; tuina group, in which 30 cases were treated by tuina therapy; and observation group, in which 30 cases were treated by acupuncture at the bony clefts and tuina therapy. The treatment was given 6 times a week as one course of treatments, and the therapeutic effects were observed after 2 courses of treatments. Results: The cure rates of the observation group, the acupuncture group and the tuina group reached 50.0%, 20.0% and 16.7% respectively, and the total effective rates reached 93.4%, 70.0% and 73.3% respectively. There were statistical significance between the observation group and the acupuncture and tuina groups (P<0.05); while there was not a statistical difference between the acupuncture group and the tuina group. It was indicated that the therapeutic effect of the observation group was better than that of the acupuncture group and the tuina group. Conclusion: Acupuncture at the bony clefts in combination with tuina therapy is quite effective in the treatment of sprains and strains of metacarpophalangeal (metatarsophalangeal) joints.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Sprains and Strains
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/19/2015; Date Modified: 8/20/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Sprains and Strains; Guangzhou Sports Occupation and Technology College, Guangdong 510650, P. R. China Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1749  
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Author Barlas, P.; Robinson, J.; Allen, J.; Baxter, G.D. openurl 
  Title Lack of effect of acupuncture upon signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2000 Publication Clin Physiol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages 449-456  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Rct; Healthy Subjects; Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Ashi Acupuncture Style; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Doms  
  Abstract The effect of acupuncture upon experimentally induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was assessed in a placebo-controlled study under blinded conditions. Volunteers (n = 48; 24 M & 24 F) were randomly allocated to one of four groups: control (20 min rest), placebo (minimal needling at non-acupuncture points), treatment group 1 (acupuncture at classic acupuncture points) and treatment group 2 (acupuncture at 'tender' points). DOMS was induced in the elbow flexors of the non-dominant arm using a standardized eccentric exercise regime. Measurements of elbow range of movement (flexion, extension, relaxed angle), and pain as well as visual analogue scores (VAS), tenderness (using a pressure algometer) were employed as indices of treatment efficacy. Measurements of elbow range of movement and tenderness were made prior to DOMS induction on the first day, and repeated pre- and post-treatment on subsequent days; pain was assessed using visual analogue scales post-induction and post-treatment on the first day, and pre- and post-treatment thereafter. For all conditions, subjects rested supine for a period of 20 min, during which treatment was delivered according to group allocation. Repeated measures and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) demonstrated no significant interactive (AB) effects, except for visual analogue scores (P = 0.0483); one factor ANOVA on the second day of the experiment (pre-treatment) indicated significant differences between the control and all other groups. However, such differences were not found on any other day of the experiment. It is concluded that acupuncture has little effect upon the cardinal signs and symptoms of DOMS, at least under the conditions of the current experiment.  
  Address Physiotherapy Subject Group, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 48  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Date Modified: 2/24/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Physiotherapy Subject Group, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11100392 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1758  
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Author Zhang, J. openurl 
  Title Ashi Point Massage Combined with Warming Needle Acupuncture in Treating 40 Cases of Cervicogenic Headache Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 22 Issue 3 Pages 117-119  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Rct; Headache Disorders; Tension-Type Headache; Acupuncture; Warming Needle; Tuina; Massage; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract Objective: to observe the curative effect of ashi point massage combined with warming needle acu-puncture in treating cervicogenic headache. Methods: 76 patients were randomized into two groups. In the treatment group, 40 patients were assigned to receive ashi point massage combined with warming needle acu-puncture while in the control group, 36 patients were treated with warming needle acupuncture. Results: the total effective rate in the treatment group was 92.5%, higher than that of the control group of 72.2%, P< 0.05. Conclusion: the curative effect of ashi point massage combined with warming needle acupuncture in treating cervicogenic headache was remarkable.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 76  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Tension-Type Headache
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Date Modified: 6/4/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Tension-Type Headache Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1765  
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Author Yang, J.; Lin, G. openurl 
  Title Clinical Observation of Du Meridian Moxibustion Combined with Acupuncture in Relieving Pain of Ankylosing Spondylitis Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 18-21  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Arthritis; Spondylitis, Ankylosing; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Moxibustion; Moxa; Direct Moxibustion; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Pain; Autoimmune Diseases  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the curative effects of Du meridian moxibustion combined with acupunc-ture therapy on relieving pain caused by ankylosing spondylitis of the Kidney Yang deficiency pattern differ-entiation. Methods: The eligible patients were equally randomized into the treatment group (Du meridian moxibustion combined with acupuncture, n = 30) and the control group (Du meridian moxibustion, n = 30). The degrees of back pain were evaluated before the treatment and after 1 course of the treatment, after which statistical analysis was conducted. Results: statistical significance was observed of the pain scores before and after the treatment in both groups (P < 0.05); statistical significance was also observed of the pain scores between the two groups after the treatment (P< 0.05), and curative effect of symptoms in the treatment group was significantly better than that of the control group after treatment (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Du meridian moxibustion therapy can noticeably relieve the pain of ankylosing spondylitis of Kidney Yang deficiency type and the curative effects were better when combined with acupuncture therapy.  
  Address Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong, China. E-mail: tcmhealth@aol.com  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 14 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 13 Weeks Condition Spondylitis, Ankylosing
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1769  
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Author Wan, H.; Du, D.Q.; Ma, Z. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture at Cervical Jiaji (EX B2) Combined with Motion Moxibustion in Treating 58 Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 23 Issue 1 Pages 9-10  
  Keywords Nervous System Diseases; Radiculopathy; Cervical; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Symptom Based Point Selection; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Moxibustion; Moxa; Motion Moxibustion; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Jiaji Points  
  Abstract Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy (CSR) is a kind of syndrome caused by cervical degeneration or nerve root oppression which leads to pain, numbness, loss of sensation and reflex changes in the dominant area. From January 2011 to October 2012, we treated 58 patients with CS R with acupuncture at cervical Jiaji (EX B2) point combined with motion moxibustion and came up with good effect, the report is as follows.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/5/2015; Date Modified: 6/9/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Radiculopathy; Jinan Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong, China. e-mail: captainmollo@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1773  
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Author Wang, H.; Wang, L.; Zhang, X.; Xin, K. openurl 
  Title Clinical Research on Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation with Acupuncture and Cupping Therapy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 23 Issue 1 Pages 11-13  
  Keywords Intervertebral Disc Displacement; Back Pain; RCT; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Herniated Disc; Herniated Disk; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Electroacupuncture; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Cupping; Plum Blossom; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of treating lumbar disc herniation with acupuncture and cupping therapy. Methods: 93 patients with lumbar disc herniation were randomly divided into three groups, including 31 cases in the treatment group, 30 cases in control group I and 32 cases in control group 2. Patients in the treatment group received acupuncture combined with plum-blossom needle pricking and cup-ping therapy, while patients in control group 1 and control group 2 were assigned to acupuncture therapy and plum-blossom needle pricking combined with cupping therapy, respectively. Several related pain scales were rated in the three groups before and after treatment. Results: There were significant differences in multiple comparisons among the treatment group, control group I, and control group 2 (P< 0.05). There were significant differences in symptom score before and after treatment in all three groups (P < 0.05). There were sig-nificant differences between the treatment group and the control group after treatment (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Treating lumbar disc herniation with combined acupuncture and cupping therapy is effective, and the efficacy is significantly higher than simple acupuncture or plum-blossom needle pricking and cupping therapy alone.  
  Address The Second People's Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 93  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Intervertebral Disc Displacement
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 1/29/2015; Date Modified: 6/2/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Intervertebral Disc Displacement; The Second People's Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1778  
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