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Author (up) Ahn, A. C.; Bennani, T.; Freeman, R.; Hamdy, O.; Kaptchuk, T. J.
Title Two styles of acupuncture for treating painful diabetic neuropathy--a pilot randomised control trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2007 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med
Volume 25 Issue 1-2 Pages 11-17
Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetic Neuropathies; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Japanese Acupuncture Style; Neuropathy; Pain; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection
Abstract In a pilot study, we evaluated the clinical and mechanistic effects of two styles of acupuncture, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Japanese acupuncture, for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy. Out of seven patients enrolled, three received Traditional Chinese acupuncture while four received Japanese style acupuncture. Treatments were delivered once a week for 10 weeks. Acupuncturists were permitted to select the needle interventions. Substantial differences in diagnostic techniques, choice of acupuncture points, and needle manipulation were observed between TCM and Japanese acupuncturists. Clinically, patients allocated to Japanese acupuncture reported decreased neuropathy-associated pain according to the daily pain severity score, while the group allocated to the TCM acupuncture reported minimal effects. Both acupuncture styles, however, lowered pain according to the McGill Short Form Pain Score. The TCM style improved nerve sensation according to quantitative sensory testing while the Japanese style had a more equivocal effect. No evident changes were observed in glucose control or heart rate variability in either group
Address Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. aahn@hms.harvard.edu
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 10
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 7
Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Diabetic Neuropathies
Disease Category Diabetes Mellitus OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 5
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Author (up) Ahn, C. B.; Lee, S. J.; Lee, J. C.; Fossion, J. P.; Sant'Ana, A.
Title A clinical pilot study comparing traditional acupuncture to combined acupuncture for treating headache, trigeminal neuralgia and retro-auricular pain in facial palsy Type of Study RCT
Year 2011 Publication Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud
Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 29-43
Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Headache Disorders; Trigeminal Neuralgia; Nervous System Diseases; Cranial Nerve Diseases; Bell Palsy; Pilot Study; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Auricular Acupuncture; Korean Acupuncture Style; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Fossion Auricular Acupuncture; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; CAM Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only
Abstract Traditional acupuncture (TA) and ear acupuncture (EA) are used for treatment of headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain. The purpose of this study is to develop effective treatment using combined acupuncture (CA) which consists of TA and EA and to set clinical protocols for future trials. Participants were divided into TA (n = 15) control and CA (n = 34) experimental groups. Obligatory points among Korean Five Element Acupuncture and optional individual points along with symptom points were used in the TA group. The CA group was exposed to ear points of Fossion and TA. Acupuncture treatment consisted of six mandatory sessions per patient over 3 weeks and extended to 12 sessions. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale. We compared TA to CA and researched their relevant publications. No significant difference was observed between the two groups (p = 0.968) which showed pain-alleviating tendency. Pain alleviation was significantly different after the fifth and sixth sessions (p = 0.021, p = 0.025), with headache being the most significantly relieved (F = 4.399, p = 0.018) among the diseases. When assessing pain intensity, both the Headache Impact Test and the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale should be adopted for headache and the fractal electroencephalography method be used in pain diseases. In the future, studies should consist of TA, EA, and CA groups; each group having 20 patients. Treatment number should to be no less than 10 sessions. Korean Five Element Acupuncture should be a compulsory inclusion along with individual points being optional inclusion in TA. EA could be selected from Nogier, Fossion and so forth. In conclusion, acupuncture treatment, whether TA or CA, showed pain alleviation in headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain, but no significant difference was seen between groups. Prospective, well-controlled, and relevant protocols using multimodal strategies to define the role of TA, EA, and CA are needed.
Address Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongeui University, Busan, Korea. cbahn@deu.ac.kr
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 9
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Headache
Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 6
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Author (up) Alizadeh, R.; Esmaeili, S.; Shoar, S.; Bagheri-Hariri, S.; Shoar, N.
Title Acupuncture in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting: efficacy of two acupuncture points versus a single one Type of Study RCT
Year 2014 Publication Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud
Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 71-75
Keywords RCT; Vomiting; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; PONV; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Anesthesiology
Abstract Despite recent advances in anesthesiology and postoperative care, postoperative nausea and vomiting are common complaints. Although acupuncture techniques have received attention in anesthesiology, the ideal technique and selection of the most appropriate acupuncture points are still under debate. This study compared the efficacy of two simultaneous acupuncture points with that of a single point in the prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting following general anesthesia through a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving 227 surgical patients undergoing general anesthesia who were randomly assigned into two groups. The first group received acupuncture by stimulation only on the PC6 point (single group), and the second group underwent concomitant stimulation of the PC6 and the L14 acupuncture points (combined group) during surgery under general anesthesia. The prevalences of postoperative nausea and vomiting were compared between the two groups. No significant differences were observed between the two groups (p>0.05). Of 115 patients in the combined group, 80 (69.6%) complained about nausea and vomiting compared with 96 (85.7%) in the single group, a significantly lower proportion (p<0.05). Our findings favor a combination of PC6 and LI4 stimulation for the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting.
Address Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 1
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 227
Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 15
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Author (up) Allais, G.; De Lorenzo, C.; Quirico, P. E.; Lupi, G.; Airola, G.; Mana, O.; Benedetto, C.
Title Non-pharmacological approaches to chronic headaches: transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, lasertherapy and acupuncture in transformed migraine treatment Type of Study RCT
Year 2003 Publication Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology Abbreviated Journal Neurol Sci
Volume 24 Issue Pages 138-142
Keywords TENS; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Laser Acupuncture; Migraine; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Headache Disorders; Acu Versus > 1 Control; CAM Control; TCM Acupuncture Style
Abstract In an open, randomized trial, we evaluated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), infrared lasertherapy and acupuncture in the treatment of transformed migraine, over a 4-month period free of prophylactic drugs. Sixty women suffering from transformed migraine were assigned, after a one month run-in period, to three different treatments: TENS (Group T; n=20), infrared lasertherapy (Group L; n=20) or acupuncture (Group A; n=20). In each group the patients underwent ten sessions of treatment and monthly control visits. In Group T patients were treated for two weeks (5 days/week) simultaneously with three TENS units with different stimulation parameters (I: pulse rate = 80 Hz, pulse width = 120 &mgr;s; II: 120 Hz, 90 &mgr;s; III: 4 Hz, 200 &mgr;s). In Group L an infrared diode laser (27 mW, 904 nm) was applied every other day on tender scalp spots. In Group A acupuncture was carried out twice a week in the first two weeks and weekly in the next 6 weeks. A basic formula (LR3, SP6, LI4, GB20, GV20 and Ex-HN5) was always employed; additional points were selected according to each patient's symptomatology. The number of days with headache per month significantly decreased during treatment in all groups. The response in the groups differed over time, probably due to the different timing of applications of the three methods. TENS, lasertherapy and acupuncture proved to be effective in reducing the frequency of headache attacks. Acupuncture showed the best effectiveness over time
Address Woman's Headache Center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Via Ventimiglia 3, I-10126 Turin, Italy
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 10
Treatment Follow-up 8 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60
Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Migraine
Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score 58
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 18
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Author (up) Allais, G.; Romoli, M.; Rolando, S.; Airola, G.; Castagnoli Gabellari, I.; Allais, R.; Benedetto, C.
Title Ear acupuncture in the treatment of migraine attacks: a randomized trial on the efficacy of appropriate versus inappropriate acupoints Type of Study RCT
Year 2011 Publication Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology Abbreviated Journal Neurol Sci
Volume 1/1/1970 Issue Pages S173-5
Keywords AcuTrials; Headache Disorders; Migraine; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Auricular Acupuncture; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Needle Contact Test; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Other Acupuncture Style
Abstract Ear acupuncture can be a useful mean for controlling migraine pain. It has been shown that a technique called the Needle Contact Test (NCT) can identify the most efficacious ear acupoints for reducing current migraine pain through just a few seconds of needle contact. The majority of the points were located on the antero-internal part of the antitragus (area M) on the same side of pain. The aim of this study was to verify the therapeutic value of area M and to compare it with an area of the ear (representation of the sciatic nerve, area S) which probably does not have a therapeutic effect on migraine attacks. We studied 94 females suffering from migraine without aura, diagnosed according to the ICHD-II criteria, during the attack. They were randomly subdivided into two groups: in group A, tender points located in area M, positive to NCT were inserted; in group B, the unsuitable area (S) was treated. Changes in pain intensity were measured using a VAS scale at various times of the study. During treatment, there was a highly significant trend in the reduction of the VAS value in group A (Anova for repeated measures: p < 0.001), whereas no significance was observed in group B. VAS values were significantly lower in group A than in group B at 10, 30, 60 and 120 min after needle insertion. This study suggests that the therapeutic specificity of auricular points exists and is linked to the somatotopic representation of our body on the ear.
Address Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Women's Headache Center, University of Turin, Via Ventimiglia 3, 10126 Turin, Italy. gb.allais@tiscali.it
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 1
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 94
Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Migraine
Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 19
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Author (up) Aranha, M.F.M.; Müller, C.E.E.; Gavião, M.B.D.
Title Pain intensity and cervical range of motion in women with myofascial pain treated with acupuncture and electroacupuncture: a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2015 Publication Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy Abbreviated Journal Braz J Phys Ther
Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 34-43
Keywords AcuTrials; Pain; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Musculoskeletal Diseases; RCT; Acu Versus Sham; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Ashi Acupuncture Style; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom-Based Point Selection; Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Neck Pain; Cervical Pain
Abstract Background: Acupuncture stimulates points on the body, influencing the perception of myofascial pain or altering physiologic functions. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture (EAC) and acupuncture (AC) for myofascial pain of the upper trapezius and cervical range of motion, using SHAM acupuncture as control. Method: Sixty women presenting at least one trigger point at the upper trapezius and local or referred pain for more than six months were randomized into EAC, AC, and SHAM groups. Eight sessions were scheduled and a follow-up was conducted after 28 days. The Visual Analog Scale assessed the intensity of local and general pain. A fleximeter assessed cervical movements. Data were analyzed using paired t or Wilcoxon's tests, ANOVA or Friedman or Kruskal-Wallis tests and Pearson's correlation (?=0.05). Results: There was reduction in general pain in the EAC and AC groups after eight sessions (P<0.001). A significant decrease in pain intensity occurred for the right trapezius in all groups and for the left trapezius in the EAC and AC groups. Intergroup comparisons showed improvement in general pain in the EAC and AC groups and in local pain intensity in the EAC group (P<0.05), which showed an increase in left rotation (P=0.049). The AC group showed increases in inclination (P=0.005) sustained until follow-up and rotation to the right (P=0.032). Conclusion: EAC and AC were effective in reducing the pain intensity compared with SHAM. EAC was better than AC for local pain relief. These treatments can assist in increasing cervical range of motion, albeit subtly.
Address Departamento de Morfologia, Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (FOP), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
Publisher Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy / Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia
Language Number of Treatments 8
Treatment Follow-up Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 72
Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
Disease Category Pain OCSI Score
Notes Approved yes
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2337
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Author (up) Armour, M.; Dahlen, H.G.; Zhu, X.; Farquhar, C.; Smith, C.A.
Title The role of treatment timing and mode of stimulation in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea with acupuncture: An exploratory randomised controlled trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2017 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One
Volume 12 Issue 7 Pages 1-20
Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Menstruation Disturbances; Dysmenorrhea; Women's Health; Gynecology; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Moxibustion; Indirect Moxibustion; Moxa; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities; Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control
Abstract OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of changing treatment timing and the use of manual, electro acupuncture on the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was performed with four arms, low frequency manual acupuncture (LF-MA), high frequency manual acupuncture (HF-MA), low frequency electro acupuncture (LF-EA) and high frequency electro acupuncture (HF-EA). A manualised trial protocol was used to allow differentiation and individualized treatment over three months. A total of 74 women were randomly assigned to one of the four groups (LF-MA n = 19, HF-MA n = 18, LF-EA n = 18, HF-EA n = 19). Twelve treatments were performed over three menstrual cycles, either once per week (LF groups) or three times in the week prior to menses (HF groups). All groups received a treatment in the first 48 hours of menses. The primary outcome was the reduction in peak menstrual pain at 12 months from trial entry. RESULTS: During the treatment period and nine month follow-up all groups showed statistically significant (p < .001) reductions in peak and average menstrual pain compared to baseline but there were no differences between groups (p > 0.05). Health related quality of life increased significantly in six domains in groups having high frequency of treatment compared to two domains in low frequency groups. Manual acupuncture groups required less analgesic medication than electro-acupuncture groups (p = 0.02). HF-MA was most effective in reducing secondary menstrual symptoms compared to both-EA groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture treatment reduced menstrual pain intensity and duration after three months of treatment and this was sustained for up to one year after trial entry. The effect of changing mode of stimulation or frequency of treatment on menstrual pain was not significant. This may be due to a lack of power. The role of acupuncture stimulation on menstrual pain needs to be investigated in appropriately powered randomised controlled trials.
Address The National Institute of Complementary Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia
Publisher
Language English Number of Treatments 12
Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 74
Time in Treatment N/A Condition Dysmenorrhea
Disease Category Menstruation Disturbances OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2416
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Author (up) Arvidsdotter, T.; Marklund, B.; Taft, C.
Title Six-month effects of integrative treatment, therapeutic acupuncture and conventional treatment in alleviating psychological distress in primary care patients--follow up from an open, pragmatic randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2014 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med
Volume 14 Issue 210 Pages 1-10
Keywords RCT; Mental Disorders; Anxiety; Depression; Depressive Disorder; Stress, Psychological; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; CAM Control; Salutogenic Counseling
Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare 6-month effects of 8 weeks of an integrative treatment (IT), therapeutic acupuncture (TA), and conventional treatment (CT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression and in improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) and sense of coherence (SOC) in psychologically distressed primary care patients. METHODS: Patients who had participated in an open, pragmatic randomized controlled trial were followed up six months after treatment. The study sample consisted of 120 adults (40 per treatment arm) aged 20 to 55 years referred from four different primary health care centres in western Sweden for psychological distress. Assessments were made at baseline after eight weeks and after 24 weeks. Anxiety and depression were evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS), HRQL with the SF-36 Mental Component Summary scores (MCS) and SOC with the Sense of Coherence-13 questionnaire. RESULTS: No baseline differences were found between groups on any outcome variable. At 24 weeks, IT and TA had significantly better values than CT on all variables. All three groups showed significant improvements from baseline on all variables, except HAD depression in CT; however, improvements were significantly greater in IT and TA than in CT. IT and TA did not differ on any outcome variable. Effect sizes were large in IT and TA for all variables and small or moderate in CT. Improvements on all variables seen after 8-weeks of IT and TA remained stable at 24 weeks and the CT group improved on HAD anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: IT and TA seem to be more beneficial than CT in reducing anxiety, depression, and in improving quality of life and sense of coherence after 24 weeks of follow up in patients with psychological distress. More research is needed to confirm these results. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN trial number NCT01631500.
Address Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. tina.arvidsdotter@vgregion.se.
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 8
Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 120
Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Depressive Disorder
Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 38
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Author (up) Arvidsdotter, T.; Marklund, B.; Taft, C.
Title Effects of an integrative treatment, therapeutic acupuncture and conventional treatment in alleviating psychological distress in primary care patients – a pragmatic randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2013 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med
Volume 13 Issue Pages 308-317
Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Stress, Psychological; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Depression; Anxiety; Counseling; Salutogenic Counseling
Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare effects of an integrative treatment (IT), therapeutic acupuncture (TA), and conventional treatment (CT) in alleviating symptoms of anxiety and depression in psychologically distressed primary care patients. METHODS: An open, pragmatic randomized controlled trial comparing the three treatment regimens at four and eight weeks after treatment. The study sample consisted of 120 adults (40 per treatment arm) aged 20 to 55 years referred from four different primary health care centres in western Sweden for psychological distress. Psychological distress was evaluated at baseline, and after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD). Treatment sessions lasted about 60 minutes in IT and 45 minutes in TA. RESULTS: No baseline differences were found between groups on HAD depression or anxiety. HAD anxiety and depression decreased significantly more in the IT and TA groups than in the CT group both after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment, but not between IT and TA. Improvements in the TA and IT groups were large and clinically significant, whereas CT effects were small and clinically non-significant. CONCLUSIONS: Both IT and TA appear to be beneficial in reducing anxiety and depression in primary care patients referred for psychological distress, whereas CT does not. These results need to be confirmed in larger, longer-term studies addressing potentially confounding design issues in the present study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN trial number NCT01631500.
Address Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. tina.arvidsdotter@vgregion.se.
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 8
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 120
Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Stress, Psychological
Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 37
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Author (up) Ashton, H.; Ebenezer, I.; Golding, J.F.; Thompson, J.W.
Title Effects of acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on cold-induced pain in normal subjects Type of Study Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Journal of psychosomatic research Abbreviated Journal J Psychosom Res
Volume 28 Issue 4 Pages 301-308
Keywords AcuTrials; Rct; Healthy Subjects; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Tens; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
Abstract The effects of acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) at high (100 Hz) and low (8 Hz) frequency and placebo on pain induced by cold immersion of the hand were studied in 46 young healthy male and female volunteers. Acupuncture produced significant elevations of pain threshold, while 100 Hz TENS or placebo had no effect. Eight Hertz TENS produced elevation of pain threshold with significant variation in response between individuals. There was some evidence that the L scale score of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire predicted analgesic outcome for 8 Hz TENS. No significant relationship was found between baseline pain threshold or tolerance and personality variables.
Address Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 1
Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 46
Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Date Modified: 2/19/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=6332903 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1759
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Author (up) Avants, S. K.; Margolin, A.; Holford, T. R.; Kosten, T. R.
Title A randomized controlled trial of auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence Type of Study RCT
Year 2000 Publication Archives of internal medicine Abbreviated Journal Arch Intern Med
Volume 160 Issue 15 Pages 2305-2312
Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Substance-Related Disorders; Cocaine-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Relaxation; Substance Abuse
Abstract BACKGROUND: Partly because of a lack of a conventional, effective treatment for cocaine addiction, auricular acupuncture is used to treat this disorder in numerous drug treatment facilities across the country for both primary cocaine-dependent and opiate-dependent populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of auricular acupuncture for the treatment of cocaine addiction. METHODS: Eighty-two cocaine-dependent, methadone-maintained patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: auricular acupuncture, a needle-insertion control condition, or a no-needle relaxation control. Treatment sessions were provided 5 times weekly for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was cocaine use assessed by 3-times-weekly urine toxicology screens. RESULTS: Longitudinal analysis of the urine data for the intent-to-treat sample showed that patients assigned to acupuncture were significantly more likely to provide cocaine-negative urine samples relative to both the relaxation control (odds ratio, 3.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-8.72; P =. 01) and the needle-insertion control (odds ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-5.75; P =.05). CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the current study suggest that acupuncture shows promise for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Further investigation of this treatment modality appears to be warranted
Address Substance Abuse Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 40
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 82
Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Cocaine-Related Disorders
Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 83
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 45
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Author (up) Aydin, S.; Ercan, M.; Caskurlu, T.; Tasci, A. I.; Karaman, I.; Odabas, O.; Yilmaz, Y.; Agargun, M. Y.; Kara, H.; Sevin, G.
Title Acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions in the treatment of non-organic male sexual dysfunction Type of Study RCT
Year 1997 Publication Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology Abbreviated Journal Scand J Urol Nephrol
Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 271-274
Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Hypnosis; Impotence; Genital Diseases, Male; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Sexual Dysfunctions, Physiological; Erectile Dysfunction
Abstract We have examined the effects of acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions, and compared them with placebo in the treatment of male sexual dysfunction with no detectable organic cause. The study comprised 15 men (mean age 36.7 +/- 10.43 years) who received acupuncture treatment, 16 men (mean age 38.4 +/- 10.75 years) who underwent hypnosis (mean age 35.3 +/- 11.52 years) and 29 men (mean age 36.2 +/- 11.38 years) who served as controls. They were interviewed periodically; the patients' reports were verified by interviewing their partners. Men who received placebo had a 43-47% improvement in sexual function, while the rates of improvement in the treated groups were higher, but not significantly so. The success rates of acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions were 60% and 75% respectively. Although the improvement was not statistically significant, treatment with acupuncture could be used as an adjuvant therapy in non-organic male sexual dysfunction. The only treatment superior to placebo seemed to be hypnosis. A more effective treatment may be obtained by combining these therapeutic modalities, but this needs further study
Address Department of Urology, Medical School of Yuzuncu Yil University, Istanbul, Turkey
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 12
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60
Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
Disease Category Genital Diseases, Male OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 48
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Author (up) Baccetti, S.; Da Fre, M.; Becorpi, A.; Faedda, M.; Guerrera, A.; Monechi, M. V.; Munizzi, R. M.; Parazzini, F.
Title Acupuncture and traditional chinese medicine for hot flushes in menopause: a randomized trial Type of Study RCT
Year 2014 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med
Volume 20 Issue 7 Pages 550-557
Keywords RCT; Climacteric; Hot Flashes; Menopause; Hot Flushes; Acu Versus CAM Control; Diet; Tuina; Chinese Massage; Self Massage; Plum Blossom; Seven Star Needles; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Whole Systems
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture on hot flushes and other menopause-related symptoms used in an integrated system, including such therapeutic techniques as diet therapy and Tuina self-massage. DESIGN: Randomized trial. SETTING: Outpatient center. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred women in spontaneous menopause with at least three episodes of hot flushes daily were randomly allocated to two treatment groups (50 per group): Women in group A were given diet, self-massage training, and treatment with acupuncture, and women in group B (the control group) were given the same diet and self-massage training, but treatment with acupuncture started 6 weeks after they were enrolled into the study. INTERVENTION: Acupuncture treatments were scheduled twice weekly for 6 consecutive weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: Mean change in frequency and/or intensity in menopause-related symptoms were estimated by questionnaire after treatment at week 4. RESULTS: Treatment with acupuncture significantly reduced the occurrence of hot flushes and sudden sweating (p<.001). Other symptoms (sleep disorders, tightness in the chest, irritability, bone pain, feeling depressed) significantly improved. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture in an integrated system that includes therapeutic techniques such as diet therapy and Tuina self-massage can be used to treat hot flushes and selected symptoms in postmenopausal women.
Address Referring Center for Complementary Medicine , Tuscany Region, San Donnino, Campi Bisenzio, Italy
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 12
Treatment Follow-up 16 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 100
Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Hot Flashes
Disease Category Climacteric OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 50
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Author (up) Bahrami-Taghanaki, H.; Liu, Y.; Azizi, H.; Khorsand, A.; Esmaily, H.; Bahrami, A.; Xiao Zhao, B.
Title A randomized, controlled trial of acupuncture for chronic low-back pain Type of Study RCT
Year 2014 Publication Alternative therapies in health and medicine Abbreviated Journal Altern Ther Health Med
Volume 20 Issue 3 Pages 13-19
Keywords RCT; Back Pain, Chronic; Back Pain; Musculoskeletal Diseases; LBP; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Time Method Acupuncture; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Eight Confluent Points; CAM Control; Pain
Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic low-back pain (cLBP) is a common condition throughout the world, and acupuncture is widely sought for treatment. As clinical evidence for the benefits of acupuncture grows, acupuncture for cLBP is receiving increased recognition and acceptance by both patients and professionals. Time method acupuncture has been previously researched with respect to chronic gastritis. OBJECTIVE: For individuals with cLBP in the current study, the research team examined the efficacy of adding confluent acupoints, related to the daytime period in time method acupuncture, to regular acupuncture and also evaluated the persistence of the benefits of such acupuncture in comparison with regular acupuncture. DESIGN: The study was a randomized, controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: The setting was an outpatient clinic of the Dongzhimen Hospital in Beijing, China. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were Chinese men and women with cLBP. INTERVENTION: Sixty participants were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive acupuncture. The control group received a treatment that followed a routine acupuncture (RA) protocol, while the intervention group received a treatment that followed an RA protocol plus acupuncture in confluent points related to time (TA). OUTCOME MEASURES: The research team measured the change in participants' scores using the visual analogue scale (VAS), the number of therapy sessions needed, the number of days that participants were absent from work during the treatment period and at 12 wk posttreatment, and the number of pain relapses between the end of treatment and the 4- and 12-wk follow-ups. RESULTS: VAS scores decreased from 69.6 +/- 7.9 to 11.8 +/- 4.9 in the intervention group compared with a decrease from 69.2 +/- 8.0 to 15.7 +/- 10.0 in the control group (P = .001). The intervention group received fewer therapy sessions (8.1 +/- 2.0) than did the control group (10.1 +/- 2.0, P < .001). Compared with the controls, the intervention group showed fewer days absent from work (0.5 vs 1.4; P = .03) and fewer pain relapses (4.0 vs 7.0; P = .04) at the 12-wk follow-up. In the 2 groups combined, VAS decreased from 69.4 +/- 7.9 before the first session of acupuncture to 13.8 +/- 8.0 after the last session (P < .001), and the number of therapy sessions needed for pain relief was 9.1 +/- 2.2. CONCLUSION: Accompanying routine acupuncture with time method acupuncture can enhance the efficacy of treatment and the persistence of its benefits in individuals with cLBP.
Address Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS), Mashhad, Iran.
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60
Time in Treatment N/A Condition Back Pain, Chronic
Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 51
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Author (up) Bai, Y. L.; Li, L.; Hu, Y. S.; Wu, Y.; Xie, P. J.; Wang, S. W.; Yang, M.; Xu, Y. M.; Zhu, B.
Title Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial of Physiotherapy and Acupuncture on Motor Function and Daily Activities in Patients with Ischemic Stroke Type of Study RCT
Year 2013 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med
Volume 19 Issue 8 Pages 684-689
Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Stroke; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Usual Care Control, Physical; Motor Function
Abstract Abstract Objective: To assess the value of acupuncture for promoting the recovery of patients with ischemic stroke and to determine whether the outcomes of combined physiotherapy and acupuncture are superior to those with physiotherapy alone. Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial. Setting: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, P. R. China. Participants: 120 inpatients and outpatients (84 men and 36 women). Interventions: Acupuncture, physiotherapy, and physiotherapy combined with acupuncture. Main outcome measures: Motor function in the limbs was measured with the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA). The modified Barthel index (MBI) was used to rate activities of daily living. All evaluations were performed by assessors blinded to treatment group. Results: On the first day of therapy (day 0, baseline), FMA and MBI scores did not significantly differ among the treatment groups. Compared with baseline, on the 28th day of therapy the mean FMA scores of the physiotherapy, acupuncture, and combined treatment groups had increased by 65.6%, 57.7%, and 67.2%, respectively; on the 56th day, FMA scores had increased by 88.1%, 64.5%, and 88.6%, respectively (p&lt;0.05). The respective MBI scores in the three groups increased by 85.2%, 60.4%, and 63.4% at day 28 and by 108.0%, 71.2%, and 86.2% at day 56, respectively (p&lt;0.05). However, FMA scores did not significantly differ among the three treatment groups on the 28th day. By the 56th day, the FMA and MBI scores of the physiotherapy group were 46.1% and 33.2% greater, respectively, than those in the acupuncture group p&lt;0.05). No significant differences were seen between the combined treatment group and the other groups. In addition, the FMA subscores for the upper extremities did not reflect any significant improvement in any group on the 56th day. Although the FMA subscores for the upper and lower extremities and the MBI score in the combined treatment group were higher than those in the acupuncture group, the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Acupuncture is less effective for the outcome measures studied than is physiotherapy. Moreover, the therapeutic effect of combining acupuncture with physiotherapy was not superior to that of physiotherapy alone. A larger-scale clinical trial is necessary to confirm these findings.
Address Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 24
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 120
Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Stroke
Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 52
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Author (up) Bao, Y. H.; Feng, W. M.; Zhu, G. X.; Zou, C.; Gong, Y.; Ji, C. T.; Li, J.
Title Clinical Study of Scalp Acupuncture with Extended Needle Retention at Scalp-Acupoints for Treatment of Vascular Dementia Type of Study RCT
Year 2005 Publication American Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal Am J Tradit Chin Med
Volume 6 Issue 1 Pages 35-37
Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Dementia; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Scalp Electroacupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dementia, Vascular; Mental Disorders
Abstract
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 40
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60
Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 61
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Author (up) Bao, Y. H.; Feng, W.; zhu, G.; Zou, C.; Gong, Y.; Ji, C.; Li, J.
Title A Randomized and Comparative Study on Vascular Dementia Treated by Needling Remaining at Head Points Type of Study RCT
Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest
Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 12-17
Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Dementia; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Scalp Electroacupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dementia, Vascular
Abstract
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 40
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60
Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score 54
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 62
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Author (up) Barlas, P.; Robinson, J.; Allen, J.; Baxter, G.D.
Title Lack of effect of acupuncture upon signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2000 Publication Clin Physiol Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 449-456
Keywords AcuTrials; Rct; Healthy Subjects; Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Ashi Acupuncture Style; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Doms
Abstract The effect of acupuncture upon experimentally induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was assessed in a placebo-controlled study under blinded conditions. Volunteers (n = 48; 24 M & 24 F) were randomly allocated to one of four groups: control (20 min rest), placebo (minimal needling at non-acupuncture points), treatment group 1 (acupuncture at classic acupuncture points) and treatment group 2 (acupuncture at 'tender' points). DOMS was induced in the elbow flexors of the non-dominant arm using a standardized eccentric exercise regime. Measurements of elbow range of movement (flexion, extension, relaxed angle), and pain as well as visual analogue scores (VAS), tenderness (using a pressure algometer) were employed as indices of treatment efficacy. Measurements of elbow range of movement and tenderness were made prior to DOMS induction on the first day, and repeated pre- and post-treatment on subsequent days; pain was assessed using visual analogue scales post-induction and post-treatment on the first day, and pre- and post-treatment thereafter. For all conditions, subjects rested supine for a period of 20 min, during which treatment was delivered according to group allocation. Repeated measures and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) demonstrated no significant interactive (AB) effects, except for visual analogue scores (P = 0.0483); one factor ANOVA on the second day of the experiment (pre-treatment) indicated significant differences between the control and all other groups. However, such differences were not found on any other day of the experiment. It is concluded that acupuncture has little effect upon the cardinal signs and symptoms of DOMS, at least under the conditions of the current experiment.
Address Physiotherapy Subject Group, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK.
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 4
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 48
Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Healthy Subjects
Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Date Modified: 2/24/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Physiotherapy Subject Group, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11100392 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1758
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Author (up) Bernateck, M.; Becker, M.; Schwake, C.; Hoy, L.; Passie, T.; Parlesak, A.; Fischer, M. J.; Fink, M.; Karst, M.
Title Adjuvant auricular electroacupuncture and autogenic training in rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Auricular acupuncture and autogenic training in rheumatoid arthritis Type of Study RCT
Year 2008 Publication Forschende Komplementärmedizin = Research in complementary medicine Abbreviated Journal Forsch Komplementmed
Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages 187-193
Keywords CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Anesthesia; Arthritis; Auricular Acupuncture; Auricular Electroacupuncture; RCT; Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only
Abstract BACKGROUND: In contrast to psychological interventions the usefulness of acupuncture as an adjuvant therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not yet been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of auricular electroacupuncture (EA) was directly compared with autogenic training (AT). METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 44) were randomized into EA or AT groups. EA and lessons in AT were performed once weekly for 6 weeks. Primary outcome measures were the mean weekly pain intensity and the disease activity score 28 (DAS 28); secondary outcome measures were the use of pain medication, the pain disability index (PDI), the clinical global impression (CGI) and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels, which were assessed during the study period and 3 months after the end of treatment. RESULTS: At the end of the treatment and at 3-month follow-up a clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) could be observed in all outcome parameters and both groups. In contrast to the AT group, the onset of these effects in the EA group could already be observed after the 2nd treatment week. In the 4th treatment week the EA group reported significantly less pain than the AT group (p = 0.040). After the end of treatment (7th week) the EA group assessed their outcome as significantly more improved than the AT group (p = 0.035). The erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the EA group was significantly reduced (p = 0.010), and the serum concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha was significantly increased compared to the AT group (p = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: The adjuvant use of both EA and AT in the treatment of RA resulted in significant short- and long-term treatment effects. The treatment effects of auricular EA were more pronounced
Address Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Clinic, Hannover, Germany. bernateck.michael@mh-hannover.de
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 6
Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 44
Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 71
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Author (up) Berry, H.; Fernandes, L.; Bloom, B.; Clark, R. J.; Hamilton, E. B.
Title Clinical study comparing acupuncture, physiotherapy, injection and oral anti-inflammatory therapy in shoulder-cuff lesions Type of Study RCT
Year 1980 Publication Current medical research and opinion Abbreviated Journal Curr Med Res Opin
Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 121-126
Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Moxibustion; Pain; Physical Therapy; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome; Shoulder Pain
Abstract In a single-blind trial, five treatments for painful stiff shoulder were compared for a 4-week assessment period in 60 patients. The treatments were acupuncture, steroid injection with placebo and with active tolmetin sodium, physiotherapy in the form of ultrasound and 'placebo' physiotherapy with placebo tolmetin sodium. Objective assessment was gained by use of goniometer readings to monitor shoulder abduction. Pain was measured by visual analogue scales and by a 4-point scale. Comparative assessment was also recorded and at the end of the study a success or failure was recorded for each patient's treatment. With very few exceptions all patients improved markedly, both in terms of the subjective and objective parameters. No differences between the treatments were detected. The incidence and severity of side-effects was low. It is suggested that the results show that the painful stiff shoulder may be a self-limiting condition and that any beneficial effect was really due to natural recovery. This is an important consideration because patients do not always receive immediate attention when referred to an out-patient department and the use of physiotherapy and acupuncture in such cases, perhaps, should be critically examined
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments 4
Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 60
Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Disease Category Shoulder Pain OCSI Score
Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 72
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