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Author Ahn, C. B.; Lee, S. J.; Lee, J. C.; Fossion, J. P.; Sant'Ana, A. url  openurl
  Title A clinical pilot study comparing traditional acupuncture to combined acupuncture for treating headache, trigeminal neuralgia and retro-auricular pain in facial palsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 29-43  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Headache Disorders; Trigeminal Neuralgia; Nervous System Diseases; Cranial Nerve Diseases; Bell Palsy; Pilot Study; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Auricular Acupuncture; Korean Acupuncture Style; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Fossion Auricular Acupuncture; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; CAM Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract Traditional acupuncture (TA) and ear acupuncture (EA) are used for treatment of headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain. The purpose of this study is to develop effective treatment using combined acupuncture (CA) which consists of TA and EA and to set clinical protocols for future trials. Participants were divided into TA (n = 15) control and CA (n = 34) experimental groups. Obligatory points among Korean Five Element Acupuncture and optional individual points along with symptom points were used in the TA group. The CA group was exposed to ear points of Fossion and TA. Acupuncture treatment consisted of six mandatory sessions per patient over 3 weeks and extended to 12 sessions. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale. We compared TA to CA and researched their relevant publications. No significant difference was observed between the two groups (p = 0.968) which showed pain-alleviating tendency. Pain alleviation was significantly different after the fifth and sixth sessions (p = 0.021, p = 0.025), with headache being the most significantly relieved (F = 4.399, p = 0.018) among the diseases. When assessing pain intensity, both the Headache Impact Test and the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale should be adopted for headache and the fractal electroencephalography method be used in pain diseases. In the future, studies should consist of TA, EA, and CA groups; each group having 20 patients. Treatment number should to be no less than 10 sessions. Korean Five Element Acupuncture should be a compulsory inclusion along with individual points being optional inclusion in TA. EA could be selected from Nogier, Fossion and so forth. In conclusion, acupuncture treatment, whether TA or CA, showed pain alleviation in headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain, but no significant difference was seen between groups. Prospective, well-controlled, and relevant protocols using multimodal strategies to define the role of TA, EA, and CA are needed.  
  Address Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongeui University, Busan, Korea. cbahn@deu.ac.kr  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 9  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Headache
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 6  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Allais, G.; Romoli, M.; Rolando, S.; Airola, G.; Castagnoli Gabellari, I.; Allais, R.; Benedetto, C. url  openurl
  Title Ear acupuncture in the treatment of migraine attacks: a randomized trial on the efficacy of appropriate versus inappropriate acupoints Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology Abbreviated Journal Neurol Sci  
  Volume 1/1/1970 Issue Pages S173-5  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Headache Disorders; Migraine; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Auricular Acupuncture; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Needle Contact Test; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Other Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Ear acupuncture can be a useful mean for controlling migraine pain. It has been shown that a technique called the Needle Contact Test (NCT) can identify the most efficacious ear acupoints for reducing current migraine pain through just a few seconds of needle contact. The majority of the points were located on the antero-internal part of the antitragus (area M) on the same side of pain. The aim of this study was to verify the therapeutic value of area M and to compare it with an area of the ear (representation of the sciatic nerve, area S) which probably does not have a therapeutic effect on migraine attacks. We studied 94 females suffering from migraine without aura, diagnosed according to the ICHD-II criteria, during the attack. They were randomly subdivided into two groups: in group A, tender points located in area M, positive to NCT were inserted; in group B, the unsuitable area (S) was treated. Changes in pain intensity were measured using a VAS scale at various times of the study. During treatment, there was a highly significant trend in the reduction of the VAS value in group A (Anova for repeated measures: p < 0.001), whereas no significance was observed in group B. VAS values were significantly lower in group A than in group B at 10, 30, 60 and 120 min after needle insertion. This study suggests that the therapeutic specificity of auricular points exists and is linked to the somatotopic representation of our body on the ear.  
  Address Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Women's Headache Center, University of Turin, Via Ventimiglia 3, 10126 Turin, Italy. gb.allais@tiscali.it  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 94  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 19  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bao, Y. H.; Feng, W.; zhu, G.; Zou, C.; Gong, Y.; Ji, C.; Li, J. openurl 
  Title A Randomized and Comparative Study on Vascular Dementia Treated by Needling Remaining at Head Points Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 12-17  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Dementia; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Scalp Electroacupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dementia, Vascular  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 40  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 62  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ceccherelli, F.; Gioioso, L.; Casale, R.; Gagliardi, G.; Ori, C. url  openurl
  Title Neck Pain Treatment With Acupuncture: Does the Number of Needles Matter? Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication The Clinical journal of pain Abbreviated Journal Clin J Pain  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords RCT; AcuTrials; Neck Pain; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture has been successfully used in myofascial pain syndromes. However, the number of needles used, that is, the dose" of acupuncture stimulation, to obtain the best antinociceptive efficacy is still a matter of debate. The question was addressed comparing the clinical efficacy of two different therapeutic schemes, characterized by a different number of needles used on 36 patients between 29 – 60 years of age with by a painful cervical myofascial syndrome. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups; the first group of 18 patients were treated with 5 needles and the second group of 18 patients were treated with 11 needles, the time of needle stimulation was the same in both groups: 100 seconds. Each group underwent six cycles of somatic acupuncture. Pain intensity was evaluated before, immediately after and 1 and 3 months after the treatment by means of both the Mc Gill Pain Questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). In both groups, the needles were fixed superficially excluding the two most painful trigger points where they were deeply inserted. RESULTS: Both groups, independently from the number of needles used, obtained a good therapeutic effect without clinically relevant differences. CONCLUSIONS: For this pathology, the number of needles, 5 or 11, seems not to be an important variable in determining the therapeutic effect when the time of stimulation is the same in the two groups.  
  Address *Department of Pharmacology and Anesthesiology, University of Padova daggerA.I.R.A.S. (Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca e l'Aggiornamento Scientifico), Padova double daggerService of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Florence section signRehabilitat  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 36  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Neck Pain
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 122  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ceccherelli, F.; Lovato, A.; Piana, E.; Gagliardi, G.; Roveri, A. url  openurl
  Title Somatic acupuncture versus ear acupuncture in migraine therapy: a randomized, controlled, blind study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Electrother Res  
  Volume 37 Issue 4 Pages 277-293  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Migraine; Headache Disorders; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Auricular Acupuncture; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control;  
  Abstract This study compares the clinical effectiveness of somatic and ear acupuncture for treatment of migraine without aura. 35 patients were divided into 2 groups, one receiving somatic and the other ear acupuncture. Both groups were treated once a week for 8 weeks and needles were stimulated manually. The severity of pain was evaluated with the Migraine Index and the visual analogue of Scott-Huskisson; other 2 tests were used to monitor the pain threshold and Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale was applied to assess variations in patients' mood. These tests were performed before the beginning and at the end of treatment and, for the follow up, after 1, 3 and 6 months from the end of therapy. On the basis of the migraine index, pain at the end of therapy was significantly lower than before the treatment, being residual pain 54.83% and 63.43%, respectively for somatic and ear acupuncture. Apparently, the 2 treatments were equally effective, as no significant difference could be assessed. On the contrary, a significant difference between the 2 groups was clear during the follow up: in fact, after 6 months residual pain was 16.80% and 48.83% for somatic and ear acupuncture, respectively (p=0.038). These results were confirmed by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) test and by the evaluation of pain threshold. It is noteworthy that also Zung's depression test showed a significant decrease of score was present in both groups, at all the times investigated with no difference between the two treatments. These results, though preliminary, are quite promising in supporting the effectiveness of ear acupuncture for treatment of migraine without aura.  
  Address Department of Pharmacology and Anesthesiology, University of Padova, A.I.R.A.S., Padova, Italy. info@ceccherelli.it  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 35  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 123  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Chen, M. R.; Wang, P.; Cheng, G.; Guo, X.; Wei, G. W.; Cheng, X. H. url  openurl
  Title The warming acupuncture for treatment of sciatica in 30 cases Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 29 Issue 1 Pages 50-53  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Back Pain; Sciatica; Warming Needle; Acu Versus CAM Control; Herbal Injection; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To observe the relation between the pain threshold and the therapeutic effects of acupuncture for sciatica. METHODS: 90 sciatica patients were equally divided at random into the following 3 groups: a warming acupuncture group treated with the needles warmed by burning moxa, a western medicine group administered Nimesulide tablets and a point-injection group with Anisodamine injected. The pain threshold was tested before treatment and after the first, second and third treatment courses. RESULTS: The warming acupuncture therapy showed better therapeutic effects than the other two groups with significant differences in the change of pain threshold and the improvement of clinical symptoms and signs (P&lt;0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture can relieve the symptoms of sciatica with the increase of pain threshold.  
  Address Hunan TCM Professional Training College, Zhuzhou 412012, China.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Sciatica
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 144  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cho, S. Y.; Shim, S. R.; Rhee, H. Y.; Park, H. J.; Jung, W. S.; Moon, S. K.; Park, J. M.; Ko, C. N.; Cho, K. H.; Park, S. U. url  openurl
  Title Effectiveness of acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture in idiopathic Parkinson's disease Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Parkinsonism & related disorders Abbreviated Journal Parkinsonism Relat Disord  
  Volume 18 Issue 8 Pages 948-952  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Acupuncture; Bee Venom; Parkinson Disease; Nervous System Diseases; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control; Pilot Study; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of both acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture as adjuvant therapies for idiopathic Parkinson's disease. We recruited 43 adults with idiopathic Parkinson's disease who had been on a stable dose of antiparkinsonian medication for at least 1 month. They were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: acupuncture, bee venom acupuncture, or control. All participants were assessed using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Berg Balance Scale, and the time and number of steps required to walk 30 m. Treatment groups underwent stimulation of 10 acupuncture points using acupuncture or bee venom acupuncture twice a week for 8 weeks. The initial assessment was repeated at the completion of treatment. The control group did not receive any treatment. Participants in the bee venom acupuncture group showed significant improvement on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (total score, as well as parts II and III individually), the Berg Balance Scale, and the 30 m walking time. When compared to the control group, the bee venom acupuncture group experienced significantly greater improvement on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. In the acupuncture group, the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (part III and total scores) and the Beck Depression Inventory showed significant improvement. The control group showed no significant changes in any outcome after 8 weeks. In this pilot study, both acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture showed promising results as adjuvant therapies for Parkinson's disease.  
  Address Department of Cardiovascular and Neurologic Diseases, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 43  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Parkinson's Disease
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 178  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Co, L. L.; Schmitz, T. H.; Havdala, H.; Reyes, A.; Westerman, M. P. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture: an evaluation in the painful crises of sickle cell anaemia Type of Study RCT
  Year 1979 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal Pain  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 181-185  
  Keywords Anemia, Sickle Cell; Miscellaneous; Hematologic Diseases; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Pain; AcuTrials  
  Abstract An evaluation of acupuncture for pain relief was made in 10 patients with sickle cell anaemia during 16 pain crises. A model was developed in which the patient served as his own control and in which both patient and examiner were unaware of whether an acupuncture point or a sham site was treated. The results show (1) that pain relief was obtained in 15 of the 16 painful episodes regardless of whether an acupuncture point or a sham site was treated, demonstrating considerable overlap between the effects of needling acupuncture points and sham sites; (2) that needling at acupuncture points for pain relief is not significantly superior to treatment at sham sites; (3) that needling, per se, whether at acupuncture points of at sham sites can be useful for alleviating pain in sickle cell crises. The model could be useful for evaluation of pain relief by needling in other diseases.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Day Frequency N/A Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Anemia, Sickle Cell
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 200  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Di Cesare, A.; Giombini, A.; Di Cesare, M.; Ripani, M.; Vulpiani, M. C.; Saraceni, V. M. url  openurl
  Title Comparison between the effects of trigger point mesotherapy versus acupuncture points mesotherapy in the treatment of chronic low back pain: a short term randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Complementary therapies in medicine Abbreviated Journal Complement Ther Med  
  Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 19-26  
  Keywords RCT; Low Back Pain, Chronic; Back Pain; Pain; Mesotherapy; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Other Acupuncture Style; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; AcuTrials  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the effects of trigger point (TRP) mesotherapy and acupuncture (ACP) mesotherapy in the treatment of patients with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Short term randomized controlled trial. SETTING: 62 subjects with chronic low back pain were recruited at outpatients Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” in the period between July 2006 and May 2008. INTERVENTION: Study subjects were assigned to receive 4 weeks treatments with either trigger point mesotherapy (TRP mesotherapy, n=29) or acupoints mesotherapy (ACP mesotherapy, n=33). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain intensity with a pain visual analogic scale (VAS) and verbal rating scale (VRS) and pain disability with McGill Pain Questionnaire Short Form (SFMPQ), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMQ) and Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionaire (ODQ). RESULTS: ACP mesotherapy shows a more effective results in VRS and VAS measures in the follow-up (p(VRS)=&lt;.001 and p(VAS)=&lt;.001). The SF-MPQ measure shows a better results for ACP instead of TRP with statistically significant differences between groups and time (p=.035). Participants reported a slight discomfort at the time of the inoculation, and 15% reported slight neck pain in ACP mesotherapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the response to ACP mesotherapy may be greater than the response to TRP mesotherapy in the short term follow-up. This technique could be nevertheless a viable option as an adjunct treatment in an overall treatment planning of CLBP.  
  Address Complex Operative Unit of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, University of Rome La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. annalisa.dicesare@gmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 62  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 239  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Duan, G.; He, J.; Zeng, Z. openurl 
  Title Comparison of effects of acupuncture on cerebral infarction in different parts Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Abbreviated Journal World J Acupunct-Moxibustion  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 3-7  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Brain Injuries; Cerebral Infarction; RCT; Scalp Acupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Stroke  
  Abstract Stable cerebral infarction patients were separated into cerebral surface infarction and deep infarction on the basis of symptoms and CT scans and randomized to acupuncture and control groups (treated with usual care and drugs). There were 31 surface and 61 deep infarctions, and patients were evaluated by a national Chinese Medical Association clinical effects scale. The clinical injury score for all 92 patients dropped 12 points with acupuncture vs 6 points for controls (22-23 baseline) with 11/16 markedly improved with acupunc ture in the surface infarct group and 10/31 with deep infarction, vs 0 of 15 and 0 of 30 controls, respectively. Scalp acupuncture demonstrated definite effectiveness, but less when the infarction is deep near the ventricles and internal capsule. Acupuncture enhances cerebral blood flow and tissue metabolism, but less abundant collateral circulation is available for the region of deep infarcts. CT scans showed the superficial infarct area reduced after I month of daily acupuncture, but the deep infarct reduction was limited.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Cerebral Infarction
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 264  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Duncan, B.; Barton, L.; Edmonds, D.; Blashill, B. M. url  openurl
  Title Parental perceptions of the therapeutic effect from osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture in children with spastic cerebral palsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal Clin Pediatr (Phila)  
  Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 349-353  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Auricular Acupuncture; Cerebral Palsy; Craniosacral Therapy; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Osteopathic Medicine; Pediatrics; RCT; Scalp Acupuncture; Muscle Spasticity; Usual Care Control, Physical; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Wait-List Control  
  Abstract SUMMARY: Fifty children were involved in a randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of either osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture as a 6-month therapeutic adjunct for children with spastic cerebral palsy. Exit interviews were used to obtain parental perceptions and form the basis of this report. Only 2 of 17 parents reported positive gains while their child was in a wait-list control period but all 17 reported gains while in the treatment phase of the study. Ninety-six percent (48 of 50) of the parents reported some improvement while their child was receiving treatments but the gains varied from child to child. The most frequent gains were seen in improvement in the use of arms or legs (61% and 68%) and more restful sleep (39% and 68%) in the osteopathic and the acupuncture groups, respectively. Improvement in mood and improved bowel function were also very common benefits noted by the parents in both groups. Clin Pediatr. 2004;43:349-353  
  Address University of Arizona, Department of Pediatrics, Tucson, AZ  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 69  
  Time in Treatment 24 Weeks Condition Cerebral Palsy
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 267  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ferro, E. C.; Biagini, A. P.; da Silva, I. E.; Silva, M. L.; Silva, J. R. url  openurl
  Title The combined effect of acupuncture and Tanacetum parthenium on quality of life in women with headache: randomised study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 30 Issue 4 Pages 252-257  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Headache Disorders; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Herb, Single; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control; Migraine  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of acupuncture (AC), Tanacetum (TAN) or combined treatment on quality of life in women with chronic migraine (CM). METHODS: A total of 69 women volunteers were randomly divided into 3 groups: AC, acupuncture administered in 20 sessions over 10 weeks (n=22); TAN, at 150 mg/day (n=23); and AC+TAN (n=23). The primary outcome was Short-Form 36 (SF-36) quality of life assessment score. Secondary outcomes included the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) score experienced after randomisation. RESULTS: AC+TAN was statistically significantly more effective than AC or TAN alone in overall health-related quality of life (SF-36; p<0.05), on MIDAS score (-35.1 (10.6) AC vs -24.8 (11.7) TAN vs -42.5 (9.8) AC+TAN; p<0.05) and in reducing the mean score of pain on VAS (-5.6 (2.4) AC vs -3.7 (2.1) TAN vs -6.4 (3.1) AC+TAN; p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present work shows an improvement of the quality of life and better analgesic effect of acupuncture combined with TAN treatment on migraine pain in women when compared with acupuncture or TAN alone.  
  Address Instituto Paulista de Estudos Sistemicos (IPES), Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 69  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 321  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Freire, A. O.; Sugai, G. C.; Togeiro, S. M.; Mello, L. E.; Tufik, S. url  openurl
  Title Immediate effect of acupuncture on the sleep pattern of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 28 Issue 3 Pages 115-119  
  Keywords RCT; AcuTrials; Sleep Apnea Syndromes; Sleep Disorders; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Acu Versus > 1 Control; No Treatment Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Obstructive Sleep Apnea  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Most patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) do not tolerate treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure, the 'gold standard' treatment for this condition. It was shown in a pilot study that acupuncture was more effective than placebo treatment (sham acupuncture) in producing significant changes in the respiratory events assessed by polysomnography (PSG). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effect of manual acupuncture (MA) and electroacupuncture (EA) on the sleep pattern of patients presenting with moderate OSA. METHODS: 40 patients with an Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI) of 15-30/h were randomly allocated to MA treatment (n=10), EA 10 Hz treatment (n=10), EA 2 Hz treatment (n=10) and a no-treatment control group (n=10). The patients received MA or EA (2 or 10 Hz) just before the PSG study at 20:00. RESULTS: The AHI (p=0.005; p=0.005), the Apnoea Index (p=0.038; p=0.009) and the respiratory events (p=0.039; p=0.014) decreased significantly in the MA and EA 10 Hz groups, respectively (AHI (21.9, 11.2), Apnoea Index (5.15, 0.7), respiratory events (120.5, 61.0) in the MA group before and after. AHI (20.6, 9.9), Apnoea Index (8.2, 0.3), respiratory events (117.0, 56.0) in the EA 10 Hz group before and after). The micro-arousals decreased only in the MA group (146.0 vs 88.5, p=0.0002). There were no significant changes in the EA 2 Hz group or in the control group. CONCLUSION: A single session of either MA or EA 10 Hz had an acute effect in reducing the AHI as well as the number of nocturnal respiratory events of patients presenting with moderate OSA.  
  Address Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Unifesp Rua Botucatu 862, 04023-062 Sao Paulo/SP, Brazil. a.freire@unifesp.br  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Sleep Apnea Syndromes
  Disease Category Sleep Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 339  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gang, O. url  openurl
  Title Effects of Various Stimulation Methods on Bone Mineral Densitiy in Patients with Primary Osteoporosis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Abbreviated Journal Internat J Clin Acupunct  
  Volume 18 Issue 2 Pages 124-127  
  Keywords Miscellaneous; Osteoporosis; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Moxibustion; AcuTrials  
  Abstract Objective: To explore a method for increasing bone mineral density in the patient with primary osteoporosis. Methods: Sixty-two cases of primary osteoporosis were randomly divided into the acupuncture group of 32 cases and the moxibustion group of 30 cases. They were treated by acupuncture or moxibustion at Zusanli (ST36), Guanyuan (CV4), Pishu (BL20), Shenshu (BL23), Taixi (KI3) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) respectively. Results: Acupuncture or moxibustion both can increase the bone mineral density of lumbar vertebrae (P<0.01, P<0.05), with acupuncture being better than that of moxibustion (P<0.05). Conclusion: The therapeutic effects of acupuncture is superior to that of moxibustion in treatment of primary osteoporosis.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 90  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 62  
  Time in Treatment 24 Weeks Condition Osteoporosis
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 355  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Garvey, T. A.; Marks, M. R.; Wiesel, S. W. url  openurl
  Title A prospective, randomized, double-blind evaluation of trigger-point injection therapy for low-back pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 1989 Publication Spine Abbreviated Journal Spine (Phila Pa 1976)  
  Volume 14 Issue 9 Pages 962-964  
  Keywords RCT; AcuTrials; Back Pain; Low Back Pain, Acute; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Acupressure; Trigger Point Acupuncture Style; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Pain; CAM Control; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol  
  Abstract The efficacy of trigger-point injection therapy in treatment of low-back strain was evaluated in a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. The patient population consisted of 63 individuals with low-back strain. Patients with this diagnosis had nonradiating low-back pain, normal neurologic examination, absence of tension signs, and lumbosacral roentgenograms interpreted as being within normal limits. They were treated conservatively for 4 weeks before entering the study. Injection therapy was of four different types: lidocaine, lidocaine combined with a steroid, acupuncture, and vapocoolant spray with acupressure. Results indicated that therapy without injected medication (63% improvement rate) was at least as effective as therapy with drug injection (42% improvement rate), at a P value of 0.09. Trigger-point therapy seems to be a useful adjunct in treatment of low-back strain. The injected substance apparently is not the critical factor, since direct mechanical stimulus to the trigger-point seems to give symptomatic relief equal to that of treatment with various types of injected medication.  
  Address Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, D.C.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Weeks Frequency N/A Number of Participants 63  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Low Back Pain, Acute
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 365  
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Author Harris, R. E.; Tian, X.; Williams, D. A.; Tian, T. X.; Cupps, T. R.; Petzke, F.; Groner, K. H.; Biswas, P.; Gracely, R. H.; Clauw, D. J. url  openurl
  Title Treatment of fibromyalgia with formula acupuncture: investigation of needle placement, needle stimulation, and treatment frequency Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 11 Issue 4 Pages 663-671  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Auricular Acupuncture; Fatigue; Fibromyalgia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate whether typical acupuncture methods such as needle placement, needle stimulation, and treatment frequency were important factors in fibromyalgia symptom improvement. Design/settings/subjects: A single-site, single-blind, randomized trial of 114 participants diagnosed with fibromyalgia for at least 1 year was performed. Intervention: Participants were randomized to one of four treatment groups: (1) T/S needles placed in traditional sites with manual needle stimulation (n = 29): (2) T/0 traditional needle location without stimulation (n = 30); (3) N/S needles inserted in nontraditional locations that were not thought to be acupuncture sites, with stimulation (n = 28); and (4) N/0 nontraditional needle location without stimulation (n = 2 7). All groups received treatment once weekly, followed by twice weekly, and finally three times weekly, for a total of 18 treatments. Each increase in frequency was separated by a 2-week washout period. Outcome measures: Pain was assessed by a numerical rating scale, fatigue by the Multi-dimensional Fatigue Inventory, and physical function by the Short Form-36. Results: Overall pain improvement was noted with 25%-35% of subjects having a clinically significant decrease in pain; however this was not dependent upon “correct” needle stimulation (t = 1.03; p = 0.307) or location (t = 0.76; p = 0.450). An overall dose effect of treatment was observed, with three sessions weekly providing more analgesia than sessions once weekly (t = 2.10; p = 0.039). Among treatment responders, improvements in pain, fatigue, and physical function were highly codependent (all p </= 0.002). Conclusions: Although needle insertion led to analgesia and improvement in other somatic symptoms, correct needle location and stimulation were not crucial  
  Address Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 18  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 114  
  Time in Treatment 13 Weeks Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score 79  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 435  
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Author Huang, W.; Bliwise, D. L.; Carnevale, C. V.; Kutner, N. G. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for pain and sleep in knee osteoarthritis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Geriatrics Society Abbreviated Journal J Am Geriatr Soc  
  Volume 58 Issue 6 Pages 1218-1220  
  Keywords Osteoarthritis, Knee; Arthritis; Acupuncture; Sleep Disorders; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Pilot Study; RCT; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; AcuTrials; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Geriatrics  
  Abstract  
  Address Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Osteoarthritis, Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 478  
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Author Hubscher, M.; Vogt, L.; Ziebart, T.; Banzer, W. url  openurl
  Title Immediate effects of acupuncture on strength performance: a randomized, controlled crossover trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication European journal of applied physiology Abbreviated Journal Eur J Appl Physiol  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Healthy Subjects; Athletic Performance; Sports Medicine; Acupuncture; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus > 1 Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Laser; CAM Control; RCT; AcuTrials;  
  Abstract The present study investigated the immediate efficacy of acupuncture compared to sham acupuncture and placebo laser acupuncture on strength performance. A total of 33 recreational athletes (25.2 +/- 2.8 years; 13 women) were randomized to receive acupuncture, sham acupuncture (needling at non-acupuncture points) and placebo laser acupuncture (deactivated laser device) in a double-blind crossover fashion with 1 week between trials. Assessment included bipedal drop jumps for maximum rebound height and quadriceps maximum isometric voluntary force (MIVF). Furthermore, surface electromyography (EMG) was used to measure the EMG activity of the rectus femoris muscle during a 30-s sustained MIVF of the knee extensors. Mean power frequency (MPF) analysis was applied to characterize muscular endurance. Measurements were performed at baseline and immediately after treatment by a blinded investigator. Repeated measures ANOVA and post hoc paired-sample t test with Bonferroni-Holm correction were used for statistical analysis. The difference in the mean change in MIVF from baseline between acupuncture (46.6 N) and sham laser acupuncture (19.6 N) was statistically significant (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between acupuncture (46.6 N) and sham acupuncture (28.8 N). ANOVA did not show statistically significant treatment effects for drop jump height or MPF. The present study shows that a single acupuncture treatment was efficacious for improving isometric quadriceps strength in recreational athletes. These results might have implications not only for athletic performance enhancement, but also for rehabilitation programs aimed at restoring neuromuscular function.  
  Address Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Ginnheimer Landstrasse 39, 60487, Frankfurt, Germany, m.huebscher@sport.uni-frankfurt.de.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 33  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 488  
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Author Huo, Z. J.; Guo, J.; Li, D. url  openurl
  Title Effects of acupuncture with meridian acupoints and three Anmian acupoints on insomnia and related depression and anxiety state Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Chinese journal of integrative medicine Abbreviated Journal Chin J Integr Med  
  Volume Issue Pages 187-191  
  Keywords Nervous System Diseases; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder; Mental Disorders; Depressive Disorder; Anxiety; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; RCT; AcuTrials  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture with meridian acupoints combined with three Anmian acupoints. METHODS: Sixty subjects were randomly divided into two groups: the acupuncture with meridian acupoints group (Group A), and the acupuncture with meridian acupoints and three Anmian acupoints group (Group B) with 30 cases in each group. After 4-week treatment, the clinical therapeutic effects and scores for the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), depression index and anxiety index were assessed in the two groups before and after treatment. RESULTS: The total effective rate of therapy was higher in Group B (93.3%) compared with that in the Group A (66.7%, P<0.05). When comparing after treatment with before treatment, there were significant differences in the PSQI score of sleep quality, time to sleep, sleep time, sleep disorders in Group A (P<0.05) and significant differences in the PSQI score of sleep quality, time to sleep, sleep time, sleep disorders and daytime disorders in Group B ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). There were significant differences in total PSQI score between Group A and Group B (P<0.05). Both groups improved the depression and anxiety state of the patients, but acupuncture with meridian acupoints combined with three Anmian acupoints was more effective than meridian acupoints alone (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture with meridian acupoints combined with three Anmian acupoints can improve the sleeping quality of patients with insomnia.  
  Address Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, China.  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 494  
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Author Ilbuldu, E.; Cakmak, A.; Disci, R.; Aydin, R. url  openurl
  Title Comparison of laser, dry needling, and placebo laser treatments in myofascial pain syndrome Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal Photomed Laser Surg  
  Volume 22 Issue 4 Pages 306-311  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Dry Needling; Exercise; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Laser Acupuncture; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Neck Pain; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pain; Sham Laser; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Trigger Point Acupuncture Style; Women's Health  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of laser therapy in myofascial pain syndrome treatment. BACKGROUND DATA: Myofascial pain syndrome is a disease that is characterized by hypersensitive points called trigger points found in one or more muscles and/or connective tissues. It can cause pain, muscle spasm, sensitivity, stiffness, weakness, limitation of range of motion and rarely autonomic dysfunction. Physical therapy modalities and exercise are used in the treatment of this frequently encountered disease. METHODS: The placebo controlled, prospective, long-term follow up study was planned with 60 patients who had trigger points in their upper trapezius muscles. The patients were divided into three groups randomly. Stretching exercises were taught to each group and they were asked to exercise at home. Treatment duration was 4 weeks. Placebo laser was applied to group 1, dry needling to group 2 and laser to group 3. He-Ne laser was applied to three trigger points in the upper trapezius muscles on both sides with 632.8 nm. The patients were assessed at before, post-treatment, and 6 months after-treatment for pain, cervical range of motion and functional status. RESULTS: We observed a significant decrease in pain at rest, at activity, and increase in pain threshold in the laser group compared to other groups. Improvement according to Nottingham Health Profile gave the superiority of the laser treatment. However, those differences among the groups were not observed at 6-month follow up. CONCLUSIONS: Laser therapy could be useful as a treatment modality in myofascial pain syndrome because of its noninvasiveness, ease, and short-term application  
  Address Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34390 Sehremini, Istanbul, Turkey  
  Publisher
  Language (up) Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 497  
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